Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health

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Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health
Former names
The DeLamar Institute of Public Health at Columbia University
TypePrivate
Graduate school
School of Public Health
Established1922 (1922)
Parent institution
Columbia University
DeanLinda P. Fried
Academic staff
500
Students1,404
Alumni12,000
Location,
Websitemailman.columbia.edu

Coordinates: 40°50′33″N 73°56′36″W / 40.84261°N 73.9432°W / 40.84261; -73.9432

The entrance to the Allan Rosenfield Building (2014)

Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health, is the public health graduate school of Columbia University. Located at 722 West 168th Street on the Columbia University Medical Center campus in the Washington Heights neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City, is a school of public health recognized by the Council on Education for Public Health. The Mailman School is considered a preeminent school of public health in the United States. The School of Public Health began in 1922 as the DeLamar Institute of Public Health.[1] It became an official school within the university in 1945. In 1999, following a $33 million grant from the Joseph L. Mailman Foundation, the school was renamed the Joseph L. Mailman School of Public Health.[2]

As of 2015, the school is ranked in the top five in the nation by the U.S. News & World Report.[3] Currently, the school enrolls over 1,400 students and is one of the largest recipients for sponsored research pertaining to public health.[2]

Faculty[edit]

Linda P. Fried is Dean and DeLamar Professor of Public Health. A researcher of healthy aging and longevity, her work helped define the syndrome of frailty. She designed Experience Corps, a program in 22 cities that puts older volunteers to work in public schools, yielding benefits to all generations. Fried has been recognized by Congress as “a living legend in medicine”.[4]

477 faculty members work in over 100 countries, as well as in the Northern Manhattan community. Their research areas include climate and health, HIV/AIDS treatment and prevention, healthy aging, maternal health, mental health, environmental toxins and children's environmental health, climate and health, epigenetics, the human microbiome, the history and ethics of public health, healthcare reform and how to strengthen healthcare systems, among many other critical issues.

Department Chairs

  • Biostatistics - F. DuBois Bowman, PhD
  • Epidemiology - Charles Branas, PhD
  • Environmental Health Sciences - Andrea Baccarelli, MD, PhD, MPH
  • Health Policy and Management - Michael S. Sparer, PhD, JD
  • Population and Family Health - Terry McGovern, JD
  • Sociomedical Sciences - James Colgrove, PhD (interim)

Students[edit]

  • 1,404 students
  • 86% master's students
  • 14% doctoral students
  • 44 states represented
  • 52 countries represented
  • 23% non-U.S. citizens
  • 46% ethnic/racial minorities

Educational Programs[edit]

The school offers MPH, MHA, MS, PhD, and DrPH degrees. The School's educational offerings include 10 dual degree programs with other schools at Columbia University. Every year, students can access more than 300 classes at the Mailman School and can also take classes at the other schools of Columbia University. The school has an excellent student-teacher ratio with a median class size of 24 participants.

The School has reported excellent job placement results; 96% of its master-level graduates were employed in Public Health or Health Care (88% of respondents) or continuing their studies in graduate school (8% of respondents) just six months after graduation.[5] Of the remaining 4% of graduates, half were not seeking a job by choice and only 2% of the respondents were still seeking. The overall average salary 6 months after graduation was $77,495 annually.[5]

Curriculum[edit]

In 2012, the School redesigned and implemented a new Master of Public Health (MPH)[6] that has since been indicated as a model at other schools in the United States and worldwide.[7] The new MPH program is designed to meet the challenges of the times, such as globalization, urbanization, population aging, and health disparities. To accomplish this, the programs gives students a global perspective on health; trains them across disciplines; imparts a “life-course” approach to disease prevention that looks across the lifespan; and teaches critical thinking and leadership skills that empower them to turn science into action.[8] In the words of Georges C. Benjamin, executive director of the American Public Health Association, the revamped MPH curriculum has provided a new approach to "guide and improve public health education in the country, and offered a guide for other public health programs worldwide".[7] In addition to the 2-year Master of Public Health, the Mailman School also offers a Master of Science degree,[9] which is offered by the departments of Biostatistics, Environmental Health Sciences, Epidemiology, Sociomedical Sciences, and Population and Family Health. Compared to the 2-year Master of Public Health, the Master of Science is often a fast track to public health education, as it includes several programs of 12 or 18 months.[9]

Department of Epidemiology[edit]

The Department of Epidemiology offers five graduate degrees, several doctoral and post-doctoral training programs, and holds a summer institute.[10]

History[edit]

In 1918, Columbia University’s College of Physicians and Surgeons received a $5 million endowment from the estate of mining magnate Joseph DeLamar to establish an educational program in public health, which led to the founding in 1919 of what would become the School of Public Health.[11] The DeLamar Institute of Public Health opened its doors at Columbia in 1921 and the following year began offering the Master of Science in Public Health degree.[12] In 1940, the Doctor of Science of in public health was offered for the first time.[11][12]

On July 1, 1945, the designation of Institute of Public Health was changed by the Trustees of Columbia University to the School of Public Health.[13] In 1946, the School of Public Health began offering the Master of Public Health degree in addition to the Master of Science and the Doctor of Public Health.[13] In 1967, its Psychiatric Epidemiology Training Program was established, followed in 1972 by the award of a T32 training program from NIMH to Bruce Dohrenwend[14], which continues today. A PhD program in Epidemiology was also established, and its first graduate was awarded her degree in 1977.

During the 1980s, there were four special programs offered to students: Epidemiology of Mental Retardation, Epidemiology of Musculoskeletal Disorders, Neuroepidemiology, and Psychiatric Epidemiology.[15] The division expanded its focal areas of concentration to include women’s reproductive health and particularly cancer epidemiology. In the 1990s, the Department’s focal areas of study included cancer epidemiology, psychiatric epidemiology, neuroepidemiology, and cardiovascular epidemiology.[16]

The School and the Department were transformed in 1998, when the Mailman Family Foundation endowed the School with $33 million, at the time the largest gift ever given to a school of public health. The School was then renamed the Joseph L. Mailman School of Public Health.[17][12]

In 2001, the Division of Epidemiology became the Department of Epidemiology and Ezra Susser, head of epidemiology, became the first chair of the department.[12] Between 2008 and 2010, a school-wide reorganization resulted in the formation of two inter-departmental centers, International Center for AIDS Care and Treatment Programs (ICAP) and the Center for Infection and Immunity (CII), were launched.[citation needed]

Directors and chairs[edit]

  • Haven Emerson, 1922-1939 (director)[12]
  • Harry Stoll Mustard, 1940-1949 (director)
  • E. Gurney Clark, 1947-1966[14]
  • Mervyn Susser, 1966-78 (division head), and 1978-1982 (acting division head)
  • Bernard Challenor, 1982-1983 (acting division head)[15]
  • Jennifer Kelsey, 1983-1991 (division head)
  • Geoffrey Howe, 1995-1999[18]
  • Ezra Susser, 1999-2008 (division head, then chair)
  • William Friedwald, 2008-2010 (acting chair)
  • Sandro Galea, 2010-2017 (chair)
  • Charles Branas, 2017- (chair)

International Longevity Center[edit]

Organized in 1990 by Robert N. Butler, M.D., Professor of Geriatrics at Mount Sinai School of Medicine, The International Longevity Center (ILC) is a not-for-profit, nonpartisan research, policy and education organization whose mission is to help societies address the issues of population aging and longevity in positive and constructive ways and to highlight older people's productivity and contributions to their families and to society as a whole.

In 2011, honoring the wishes of the late Dr. Butler, the mission, work, and the assets of the ILC became the foundation for an interdisciplinary center on aging at Columbia University, anchored at the Mailman School of Public Health.

The Climate and Health Program[edit]

The Mailman School of Public Health is led by Dr. Jeff Shaman. It houses the Global Consortium on Climate and Health Education, a global network of 300+ Universities committed to educate their students on health impacts of climate change. The school houses the only Climate and Health training program funded by the National Institutes of Health for doctoral students and postdoctoral trainees and has a Master of Public Health certificate in Climate and Health. Climate and Health at Mailman is supported by scientists such as Jeff Shaman,[19] Carlos Dora,[20] Marianthi Kioumourtzoglou,[21] Micaela Martinez,[22] Darby Jack[23] and many others.

Epigenetics and Precision Medicine at the Mailman School of Public Health[edit]

Recent and ongoing projects include investigations of changes in DNA methylation that may accumulate in children even before they are born due to environmental influences,[24] epigenetic reprogramming due to exposures to arsenic,[25] nutritional interventions to ward off air pollution effects on the human epigenome,[26] liquid biopsies of the liver epigenome to predict overall survival in patients with liver cancer,[27] persistent influences of maternal smoking during pregnancy on offspring's DNA methylation in midlife,[28] epigenetic effects from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons,[29] and several others. Since 2017, the Mailman School of Public Health offers a summer Epigenetic Boot Camp for Planning and Analyzing DNA Methylation Studies, a two-day intensive boot camp of seminars and hands-on analytical sessions that provides an overview of concepts, techniques, and data analysis methods utilized in human epigenetics studies.[30]

The 2016 recruitment of Dr. Baccarelli to lead the Laboratory of Precision Environmental Biosciences has opened new research and teaching activities in Precision Medicine and Precision Prevention. The Laboratory of Precision Environmental Biosciences, regarded as one of the pioneering epigenetics labs worldwide,[31] is the central focus of a wider Precision Medicine program at the Mailman School of Public Health focusing on public health and prevention. Precision Medicine and Prevention at the Mailman School includes research and education on the human microbiome, extracellular RNA communication, molecular epidemiology, genomics, viromics, mitochondriomics, statistical genetics, computational biology, and biomarker sciences. The Precision Medicine at Mailman offers a unique combination of cutting-edge lab technology with large scale studies and applications in population sciences and public health, including predictive analytics and analysis of return on investment[32]

Facilities[edit]

The main building of the Mailman School of Public Health, the Allan Rosenfield Building, was constructed in 1930, which served as the original New York State Psychiatric Institute until they moved to a nearby newly constructed facility in 1998. It is located at 1050 Riverside Drive[33] in the Columbia University Medical Campus. The building, named after Allan Rosenfield, the long-time Dean of the Mailman School of Public Health and one of the giants in the world of public health,[34] has been recently renovated to create an energy-efficient, environmentally-considered fit-out.[35] The new space was designed to extend natural light as much as possible, and to do so in an energy-efficient manner. Other sustainable features include efficient lighting with occupancy sensors, Energy Star office equipment and appliances, high efficiency fan coil units, water conserving fixtures achieving over a 30% water usage reduction, and low/no VOC building materials and low-emitting furniture systems.[35]

Notable alumni[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "MPH Program Rankings".
  2. ^ a b "Quick Facts". Columbia University. Archived from the original on 2008-02-09. Retrieved 2008-02-22.
  3. ^ 2015 Ranking of Best schools of Public Health in US by U.S. News & World Report.
  4. ^ "Indiana University Northwest briefs". The Times of Northwest Indiana. 2008-11-06. Archived from the original on 2015-12-12. Retrieved 2015-12-12.
  5. ^ a b "Facts and Figures | Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health". www.mailman.columbia.edu. Retrieved 2017-08-05.
  6. ^ Galea, Sandro; Fried, Linda P.; Walker, Julia R.; Rudenstine, Sasha; Glover, Jim W.; Begg, Melissa D. (March 2015). "Developing the New Columbia Core Curriculum: A Case Study in Managing Radical Curriculum Change". American Journal of Public Health. 105 (Suppl 1): S17–S21. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2014.302470. ISSN 0090-0036. PMC 4339984. PMID 25706010.
  7. ^ a b "Dean Galea Honored with Top APHA Award | SPH | Boston University". School of Public Health. Retrieved 2017-08-05.
  8. ^ Begg, Melissa D.; Galea, Sandro; Bayer, Ronald; Walker, Julia R.; Fried, Linda P. (January 2014). "MPH Education for the 21st Century: Design of Columbia University's New Public Health Curriculum". American Journal of Public Health. 104 (1): 30–36. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2013.301518. ISSN 0090-0036. PMC 3910049. PMID 24228682.
  9. ^ a b "Master of Science | Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health". www.mailman.columbia.edu. Retrieved 2017-08-05.
  10. ^ "Epidemiology - Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health". Mailman.columbia.edu. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
  11. ^ a b Annette B. Ramirez de Arellano1; Samuel Wolfe. ""For the Study of Disease and the Prevention Thereof..." : Origins of the Columbia School of Public Health" (PDF). Aje.oxfordjournals.org. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
  12. ^ a b c d e Columbia University. School of Public Health and Administrative Medicine. "Columbia University bulletin of information : the DeLamar Institute of Public Health : announcement". New York City : The University. Retrieved 28 November 2017 – via Internet Archive.
  13. ^ a b Columbia University. School of Public Health and Administrative Medicine. "Columbia University bulletin of information : the DeLamar Institute of Public Health : announcement". New York City : The University. Retrieved 28 November 2017 – via Internet Archive.
  14. ^ a b "The Columbia University School of Public Health 75th Anniversary Issue" (PDF). American Journal of Epidemiology. The Johns Hopkins University. 147. February 1, 1998. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
  15. ^ a b Columbia University. School of Public Health and Administrative Medicine. "Columbia University bulletin of information : the DeLamar Institute of Public Health : announcement". New York City : The University. Retrieved 28 November 2017 – via Internet Archive.
  16. ^ Columbia University. School of Public Health and Administrative Medicine. "Columbia University bulletin of information : the DeLamar Institute of Public Health : announcement". New York City : The University. Retrieved 28 November 2017 – via Internet Archive.
  17. ^ Columbia University. School of Public Health and Administrative Medicine. "Columbia University bulletin of information : the DeLamar Institute of Public Health : announcement". New York City : The University. Retrieved 28 November 2017 – via Internet Archive.
  18. ^ Columbia University. School of Public Health and Administrative Medicine. "Columbia University bulletin of information : the DeLamar Institute of Public Health : announcement". New York City : The University. Retrieved 28 November 2017 – via Internet Archive.
  19. ^ "Jeffrey Shaman - Google Scholar Citations". scholar.google.com.
  20. ^ https://ch.linkedin.com/in/carlos-dora-030b8329
  21. ^ "Marianthi-Anna Kioumourtzoglou - Google Scholar Citations". scholar.google.com.
  22. ^ "Micaela E Martinez, Ph.D." Micaela E Martinez, Ph.D.
  23. ^ "On Your Bike, Watch Out for the Air". 6 July 2017 – via NYTimes.com.
  24. ^ "DNA changes during pregnancy persist into childhood". ScienceDaily. Retrieved 2017-08-05.
  25. ^ Niedzwiecki, Megan M.; Hall, Megan N.; Liu, Xinhua; Oka, Julie; Harper, Kristin N.; Slavkovich, Vesna; Ilievski, Vesna; Levy, Diane; van Geen, Alexander (November 2013). "A dose-response study of arsenic exposure and global methylation of peripheral blood mononuclear cell DNA in Bangladeshi adults". Environmental Health Perspectives. 121 (11–12): 1306–1312. doi:10.1289/ehp.1206421. ISSN 1552-9924. PMC 3855504. PMID 24013868.
  26. ^ "B Vitamins May Ward off Air Pollution Effects". 2017-03-15. Retrieved 2017-08-05.
  27. ^ Yeh, Chih-Ching; Goyal, Abhishek; Shen, Jing; Wu, Hui-Chen; Strauss, Joshua A.; Wang, Qiao; Gurvich, Irina; Safyan, Rachael A.; Manji, Gulam A. (2017-06-07). "Global Level of Plasma DNA Methylation is Associated with Overall Survival in Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma". Annals of Surgical Oncology. doi:10.1245/s10434-017-5913-4. ISSN 1534-4681. PMC 5801698. PMID 28593503.
  28. ^ Tehranifar, Parisa; Wu, Hui-Chen; McDonald, Jasmine A.; Jasmine, Farzana; Santella, Regina M.; Gurvich, Irina; Flom, Julie D.; Terry, Mary Beth (2017-05-11). "Maternal cigarette smoking during pregnancy and offspring DNA methylation in midlife". Epigenetics: 0. doi:10.1080/15592294.2017.1325065. ISSN 1559-2308. PMC 5873358. PMID 28494218.
  29. ^ Herbstman, Julie B.; Tang, Deliang; Zhu, Deguang; Qu, Lirong; Sjödin, Andreas; Li, Zheng; Camann, David; Perera, Frederica P. (May 2012). "Prenatal exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, benzo[a]pyrene-DNA adducts, and genomic DNA methylation in cord blood". Environmental Health Perspectives. 120 (5): 733–738. doi:10.1289/ehp.1104056. ISSN 1552-9924. PMC 3346775. PMID 22256332.
  30. ^ "Epigenetics Boot Camp: Planning and Analyzing DNA Methylation Studies | Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health". www.mailman.columbia.edu. Retrieved 2017-08-05.
  31. ^ "3 Pioneering Epigenetic Labs: Exploring the People and Discoveries that Transcend the Lab Walls | What is Epigenetics?". What is Epigenetics?. 2016-07-28. Retrieved 2017-08-05.
  32. ^ "Public Health, Precisely | Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health". www.mailman.columbia.edu. Retrieved 2017-08-05.
  33. ^ "722 West 168th Street" and "1050 Riverside Drive" on the New York City Geographic Information Services map
  34. ^ Kristof, Nicholas (1224209056). "Remembering Allan Rosenfield". On the Ground. Retrieved 2017-08-05. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  35. ^ a b "Columbia University Medical Center - Allan Rosenfield Building". Vidaris.
  36. ^ Mailman School Student and Former Supermodel Christy Turlington Burns Makes Directorial Debut with Film on Maternal Mortality | Population & Family Health | Population & Family Health | Mailman School Archived April 27, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. Mailman.columbia.edu. Retrieved on 2013-09-07.

External links[edit]