International Metalworkers' Federation
|Full name||International Metalworkers' Federation|
|Merged into||IndustriALL Global Union|
|Members||25 million (2009)|
|Affiliation||International Confederation of Free Trade Unions|
|Key people||Jyrki Raina, General Secretary
Berthold Huber, President
|Office location||Geneva, Switzerland|
The International Metalworkers' Federation (IMF) was a global union federation of metalworkers' trade unions, founded in Zürich, Switzerland in August 1893. As of 2009, the IMF had more than 200 member organisations in 100 countries, representing a combined membership of 25 million workers.
The federation was founded as the International Metallurgists' Bureau of Information, becoming the "International Metalworkers' Federation" in 1904. From 1921, its constitution called for not only international co-operation to improve wages and conditions, but also for workers to take over the means of production.
Membership of the federation reached 1.9 million in 1930, but fell to only 190,000 in 1938, hit by the international depression. By 1947, membership had reached a new high of 2.7 million, and the federation took a leading role in opposing the World Federation of Trade Unions, instead becoming a founding constituent of the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions.
The organization held a congress every four years, consisting of delegates from the member organisations. The congress established the broad lines of the IMF's policies and actions and elected the President and General Secretary of the IMF.
In June 2012, the IMF merged into the new global federation IndustriALL Global Union.
- 1893: Hermann Vogelsanger
- 1896: Charles Hobson
- 1904: Alexander Schlicke
- 1920: Konrad Ug
- 1954: Adolphe Graedel
- 1971: Ivar Noren
- 1970s: Herman Rebhan
- 1989: Marcello Malentacchi
- 2009: Jyrki Raina
- "For a strong international labour movement". Retrieved 5 December 2009.
- James C. Docherty and Sjaak van der Velden, Historical Dictionary of Organized Labor, p.146
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