International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients

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The International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients, abbreviated INCI, is a system of names for waxes, oils, pigments, chemicals, and other ingredients of soaps, cosmetics, and the like, based on scientific names and other Latin and English words.[1] INCI names often differ greatly from systematic chemical nomenclature or from more common trivial names.

Table of common names[edit]

Here is a table of several common names and their corresponding INCI names.[1]

Common name INCI name
Purified water Water
Sodium Coco Sulfate Sodium Coco-Sulfate
Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (from coconut oil) Sodium Lauryl Sulfate
Sodium laureth sulfate (from coconut oil) Sodium Laureth Sulfate
Cocamidopropyl betaine (from coconut oil) Cocamidopropyl Betaine
Decyl glucoside Decyl Glucoside*
Citric acid Citric Acid*
Paraben Methylparaben
Cetyl alcohol Cetyl Alcohol
Vitamin E Tocopherol
Beeswax Beeswax*
Vegetable Glycerin Glycerin
Oat bran Avena Sativa (Oat) Bran
Shea butter Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea Butter)
Passion Fruit Juice Passiflora Edulis Fruit Juice
Red rose water Rosa Damascena Flower Water
Raspberry extract Rubus Idaeus (Raspberry) Fruit Extract
Yucca herbal extract Yucca Schidigera Stem Extract
Aloe vera leaf gel Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice
Tea tree oil Melaleuca Alternifolia (Tea Tree) Leaf Oil
Peppermint leaf oil Mentha Piperita (Peppermint) Oil
Spearmint leaf oil Mentha Viridis (Spearmint) Leaf Oil
Wintergreen leaf oil Gaultheria Procumbens (Wintergreen) Leaf Oil
Lavender oil Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Oil
Cinnamon leaf oil Cinnamomum Cassia Leaf Oil
Lemon peel oil Citrus Medica Limonum (Lemon) Peel Oil
Valencia orange peel oil Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Peel Oil
Pink grapefruit peel oil Citrus Paradisi (Grapefruit) Peel Oil
Roman chamomile oil Anthemis Nobilis Flower Oil
Jasmine oil Jasminum Officinale (Jasmine) Oil
Extra virgin olive oil Olea Europaea (Olive) Fruit Oil
Saponified oil of coconut Sodium Cocoate
Saponified oil of palm Sodium Palmate
Hemp oil Cannabis Sativa Seed Oil
Jojoba oil Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil
Sunflower oil Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil

* Some common names and INCI names are the same name.

INCI labeling[edit]

In the U.S., under the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and the Fair Packaging and Labeling Act, certain accurate information is a requirement to appear on labels of cosmetic products.[2] In Canada, the regulatory guideline is the Cosmetic Regulations.[3] Ingredient names must comply by law with EU requirements by using INCI names.[4]

The cosmetic regulation laws are enforceable for important consumer safety. For example, the ingredients are listed on the ingredient declaration for the purchaser to reduce the risk of an allergic reaction to an ingredient the user has had an allergy to before. INCI names are mandated on the ingredient statement of every consumer personal care product. The INCI system allows the consumer to identify the ingredient content. In the U.S., true soaps (as defined by the FDA) are specifically exempted from INCI labeling requirements as cosmetics per FDA regulation.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]