International Orthoptic Association

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The International Orthoptic Association represents over 20,000 orthoptists, in over 20 countries.


The International Orthoptic Association was formed in 1967 after the first International Orthoptic Congress. The British Orthoptic Association were the founding members.[1]

Registration and licensing[edit]

Orthoptists are required to be licensed by their respective countries. Many countries also require them to undertake continuing professional education [2]

Professional work[edit]

Orthoptists are part of the eye care professional team.[3] They primarily work alongside ophthalmologists, in the co-management of strabismus and binocular vision disorders, such as amblyopia.[4][5]

Orthoptists are involved in international research,[6] whilst some are employed (particular in the USA and Canada) to teach training ophthalmology residents the practice of standard orthoptic care, vision therapy and ocular sonographer practice.[7][8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^ Koklanis K, Georgievski Z. Continuing professional education programs for orthoptists. Insight 2009; Feb/March: 43. [PDF]
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-07-31. Retrieved 2009-05-16. 
  4. ^ Georgievski Z, Koklanis K, Leone J. Orthoptists' management of amblyopia - a case based survey. Strabismus, 2007, 15(3): 197-203. [Pubmed Link]
  5. ^
  6. ^ Koklanis K, Georgievski Z. Recurrence of intermittent exotropia: Factors associated with surgical outcomes. Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology 2008; 36 (Suppl 2): A765. [Link]
  7. ^ Devereux C, Georgievski Z, Santamaria L. An online discussion forum to support orthoptic clinical education. In: Verlohr D, Georgievski, Z, Rydberg, A (Eds.) Global Perspectives Converge Downunder. Transactions of the Xth International Orthoptic Congress, Melbourne, Australia, 14–17 November 2004; 348-351.
  8. ^

External links[edit]