International Peace Bureau

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International Peace Bureau
IPB logo svg.svg
AbbreviationIPB
Formation1891; 127 years ago (1891)
TypeNGO
Legal statusNonprofit
PurposeWorking for a World without war
HeadquartersBerlin, Germany
Coordinates52°31′21″N 13°23′01″E / 52.522454°N 13.383641°E / 52.522454; 13.383641Coordinates: 52°31′21″N 13°23′01″E / 52.522454°N 13.383641°E / 52.522454; 13.383641
Region
Worldwide
MethodsSeminars and Conferences, Education, Advocation
FieldsWorld peace
Co-President
Reiner Braun
Co-President
Lisa Clark
Council of the
Main organ
Assembly of the International Peace Bureau
Websitewww.ipb.org
International Peace Bureau (IPB) council meeting at Bern, 1899
General Assembly of the International Peace Bureau, September 1935

The International Peace Bureau (IPB) (French: Bureau international de la paix), founded in 1891,[1] is one of the world's oldest international peace federations.

IPB was founded under the name Permanent International Peace Bureau (Bureau International Permanent de la Paix). From 1912 onward it used the name International Peace Bureau. Between 1946 and 1961, it was known under the name International Liaison Committee of Organizations for Peace – ILCOP (Comité de liaison international des organisations de paix – CLIOP).

The organisation was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1910 "[For acting] as a link between the peace societies of the various countries".[2][3] In 1913 Henri La Fontaine was also awarded the Prize "[For his work as] head of the International Peace Bureau".[4][5] As of 2012, eleven other Nobel Peace Prize laureates have been members of the IPB.[6]

Leadership[edit]

President[edit]

The current Co-Presidents are:[7]

Country Name Nominating Organisation
 Germany Reiner Braun International Association of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms
 Italy Lisa Clark Beati i Costruttore di Pace

Treasurer[edit]

The current Treasurer is:[7]

Country Name Nominating Organisation
 Malaysia
  Switzerland
Lohes Rajeswaran Beati i Costruttore di Pace

Vice-Presidents[edit]

The Vice-Presidents deputise for the President when necessary. The current Vice-Presidents are: [7]

Country Name Nominating Organisation
 Spain Jordi Calvo Centre Delàs
 Finland Tarja Cronberg Peace Union of Finland
 Philippines Corazon Fabros Gensuikyo
 United States Joseph Gerson Peace Action
 Japan Yayoi Tsuchida Gensuikyo
 United Kingdom Dave Webb Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament

Steering Committee[edit]

The members of the Steering Committee are the aforementioned officers, as well as the following persons: [7]

Country Name Nominating Organisation Note
 Iraq Ali Al-Rufaie Iraqi Peace & Solidarity Council
 Spain Albert Caramés Fundacio per la Pau
 France Nathalie Gauchet Mouvement de la paix
 Norway Alexander Harang Norwegian Peace Association
 Canada
 Thailand
Yeshua Moser-Puangsuwan Nonviolence International
 Finland Laura Lodenius Peace Union of Finland
 Norway Tore Naerland Bike for Peace
 Cyprus Suleyman Selanger International Association of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms
 Canada Steve Staples Science for Peace
 Belgium Etienne de Jonghe Pax Christi International (Co-opted)

Board[edit]

The Board of the IPB comprises all elected officers (President, Treasurer and the Vice Presidents), as well as all members of the Steering Committee.

Global Campaign on Military Spending[edit]

The Global Campaign on Military Spending (GCOMS) is a permanent, global, year-round campaign that was created in December 2014 by the IPB to tackle the worldwide issue of excessive military spending. [8]

The aim of the campaign is to pressure the world's governments to invest money in the sectors of health, education, employment and climate change rather than military. It also calls for an annual, minimum reallocation of 10% from the military budgets of all states. Finally, it advocates the reduction of arms production and international weapons trade. [9]

It works to achieve this goal through:

  • Ongoing campaigning;
  • Future, greater GDAMS campaign actions;
  • Its campaign, Cut Milex, which aims at introducing the military spending debate in Parliaments.

The campaign organises the Global Day of Action on Military Spending (GDAMS) to bring public, media and political attention to the costs of military spending and the need to invest in new priorities. [10]

Seán MacBride Peace Prize[edit]

Established in 1992, the Seán MacBride Peace Prize is awarded by the International Peace Bureau to a person or organisation that "has done outstanding work for peace, disarmament and/or human rights." [11][12] It is named after Seán MacBride, a former Chief of Staff of the Irish Republican Army, who was chairman of the IPB from 1968–74 and president from 1974-1985. [13][14]

Recipients[edit]

The following are the recipients of the Seán MacBride Peace Prize since its inception in 1992: [11]

Year Recipient Notes Reference
1992 Michael D. Higgins
1993 Motarilavoa Hilda Lini Played a key role in the WHO’s decision to approve a request to the World Court on the legal status of nuclear weapons.
1994 Mordechai Vanunu Sentenced to 18 years solitary confinement for revealing details of Israel’s nuclear arsenal.
1995 The Committee of Soldiers' Mothers of Russia Foremost among Russian citizens’ groups opposing the war in Chechnya.
1996 Selim Bešlagić For "his fight against nationalism, ethnic cleansing and intolerance during his country's war." [15]
1997 Seeds of Hope Group For disarming a Hawk aircraft bound for Indonesia.
1998 John Hume For "his contribution to the Northern Ireland peace process." [16]
1999 Barbara Gladysch For her "extraordinary and year-long commitment to disarmament and practical solidarity with victims of wars and disasters." [17]
2000 1) Praful Bidwai
2) Achin Vanaik
For being at the "forefront of the international campaign against the nuclearisation of South Asia." [18]
2001 Rosalie Bertell For "her lifelong engagement to the cause of peace and for her deep concern for the well-being of peoples all over the planet. [19]
2002 Barbara Lee For "her sole vote against the bombing of Afghanistan." [20]
2003 Nihon Hidankyō Survivors of the A bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. They have devoted the rest of their lives to the elimination of nuclear weapons.
2004 Geneva Initiative on the Middle East
2005 No award made
2006 Mayors for Peace:

1) Tadatoshi Akiba
2) Iccho Itoh

For "its achievements in arousing international public demand for the abolition of nuclear weapons and lasting world peace." [21]
2007 Jayantha Dhanapala For "his dedication to the cause of disarmament and his initiatives towards creating the Central Asian Nuclear-Weapons Free Zone." [22]
2008 Jacqueline Cabasso For "her years of outstanding work with NGOs and initiatives toward peace and the abolition of nuclear weapons." [23]
2009 Betty Reardon For "her contribution to peace education and to the wider peace movement." [24]
2010 Binalakshmi Nepram For "her extraordinary efforts to promote disarmament and an end to gun violence in India." [25]
2011 1) Hanaa Edwar
2) Dr. Peter Becker
1) For "her contribution to the advancement of democracy and human rights, as well as her firm stand against violence and war;"
2) For his work with the German section of the International Association of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms (IALANA).
[26][27]
2012 1) Lina Ben Mhenni
2) Nawal El Saadawi
For showing "great courage and ... substantial contributions to what is known as the Arab Spring." [28]
2013 Chelsea Manning For "his courageous actions in revealing information about US war crimes." [29]
2014 The People and Government of the Republic of the Marshall Islands For "courageously taking the nine nuclear weapons-possessing countries to the International Court of Justice to enforce compliance with the Non-Proliferation Treaty and international customary law." [30]
2015 The People and the Island Communities of Lampedusa, Italy and Jeju Island, South Korea For showing "a profound commitment to peace and social justice." [31]
2016 IPB Secretary-General Colin Archer For 26 years "in the service of peace and of the IPB community." [32]
2017 1) All Okinawa Council Against Henoko New Base
2) Noam Chomsky
3) Jeremy Corbyn
1) For "its unflagging commitment to close the Futemna Marine Air Base, and for its nonviolent opposition to the construction of a massive new air, land and sea base in Henoko;"
2) For his "tireless commitment to peace, his strong critiques to U.S. foreign policy, and his anti-imperialism;"
3) For his "sustained and powerful political work for disarmament and peace."
[12]
2018 1) Association For Historical Dialogue and Research and Home for Cooperation
2) Helena Maleno
3) Douglas Roche
1) For its "efforts and promotion of [a] Culture of Peace and as well as the peace building activities;"
2) For her "efforts to save hundreds of lives in the Mediterranean Sea, and her strong commitment to defending human rights;"
3) For his "tireless efforts to promote international peace and disarmament."
[33]

Nobel Peace Prizes[edit]

IPB's work was rewarded by the Nobel Peace Prize in 1910, which has also been awarded to some of its members:[34]

Presidents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Over a Century of Peace-Making". International Peace Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-04-15. Retrieved 2012-02-14.
  2. ^ "Award Ceremony Speech (1910)". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2011-10-06.
  3. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1910". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2011-10-06.
  4. ^ Lundestad, Geir (2001-03-15). "The Nobel Peace Prize, 1901–2000". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2011-10-06.
  5. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1913". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2011-10-06.
  6. ^ "IPB Nobel Prize Winners". Nobel Foundation. Archived from the original on 2012-07-18. Retrieved 2011-10-06..
  7. ^ a b c d "IPB Elections 2016 - Results" (PDF). International Peace Bureau. International Peace Bureau. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
  8. ^ "Who We Are". Global Campaign on Military Spendin. International Peace Bureau. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
  9. ^ "What We Do". Global Campaign on Military Spendin. International Peace Bureau. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
  10. ^ "GCOMS (Global Campaign on Military Spending)". Centre Delàs. Centre Delàs. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
  11. ^ a b "Sean MacBride Peace Prize". International Peace Bureau. International Peace Bureau. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
  12. ^ a b "IPB Unveils the Winners of Séan MacBride Peace Prize 2017". Centre Delàs. Centre Delàs. September 7, 2017. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
  13. ^ Nordlinger, Jay (2012). Peace, They Say: A History of the Nobel Peace Prize, the Most Famous and Controversial Prize in the World. Encounter. p. 221.
  14. ^ "International Peace Bureau Awards Sean MacBride Peace Prize 2013". Pax Christi International. Pax Christi International. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
  15. ^ "Bosnian wins MacBride prize". The Irish Times. Dublin. August 27, 1996. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
  16. ^ "MacBride Prize for Hume". The Irish Times. Dublin. October 14, 1998. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
  17. ^ "Barbara Gladysch erhält den MacBride-Friedenspreis 1999" [Barbara Gladysch receives the MacBride Peace Prize 1999]. Peace Forum (in German). Bonn: Netzwerk Friedenskooperative (Network of the German Peace Movement). Winter 1999. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
  18. ^ Peace Bureau to Award MacBride Prize to Indian Anti-Nuclear Activists at the Wayback Machine (archived 25 February 2004)
  19. ^ "Peace Bureau Awards Prize to Dr Rosalie Bertell". CADU News. Campaign Against Depleted Uranium. Winter 2001. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
  20. ^ Irwin, Abrams; Gungwu, Wang (2003). Iraq War and Its Consequences, The: Thoughts of Nobel Peace Laureates and Eminent Scholars. World Scientific. p. 131. ISBN 9789814338103.
  21. ^ "Mayors for Peace Receives Sean MacBride Peace Prize Awarded by the International Peace Bureau(IPB)". Mayors for Peace. Hiroshima Peace Culture Foundation. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
  22. ^ "UNU Council Chair Dhanapala Wins IPB Peace Prize". United Nations University. United Nations University. September 2007. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
  23. ^ "Ms.Jacqueline Cabasso, the Mayors for Peace Coordinator in North America won 2008 Sean MacBride Peace Prize". Mayors for Peace. Hiroshima Peace Culture Foundation. n.d. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
  24. ^ International Peace Bureau Awards Pioneering Peace Educator, Dr. Betty A. Reardon, the 2009 Sean MacBride Peace Prize at the Wayback Machine (archived 2010-07-13)
  25. ^ "Binalakshmi Nepram Receives Sean MacBride Peace Prize for 2010 in Oslo". Heinrich Böll Stiftung India. Heinrich Boell Foundation. September 23, 2010. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
  26. ^ Hanaa Edwar from the Iraqi Al-Amal Association Awarded the Sean MacBride Peace Prize 2011 by International Peace Bureau at the Wayback Machine (archived 2012-08-15)
  27. ^ International Peace Bureau awards the Sean MacBride PeacePrize 2011 to Hanaa Edwar (Iraqi women’s rights and democracy activist) and Peter Becker (German anti-nuclear lawyer) at the Wayback Machine (archived 2011-12-02)
  28. ^ "International Peace Bureau to Award 2012 Sean MacBride Peace Prize to Nawal El-Sadaawi (Egypt) and Lina Ben Mhenni (Tunisia)". Action from Ireland. Action from Ireland. November 8, 2012. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
  29. ^ "International Peace Bureau awards the Sean MacBride Peace Prize 2013 to US whistleblower Bradley Manning". Canadian Voice of Women for Peace. Canadian Voice of Women for Peace. July 23, 2013. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
  30. ^ "MacBride Peace Prize to the Marshall Islands". Abolition 2000. Abolition 2000. August 5, 2014. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
  31. ^ "International Peace Bureau to Award the 2015 Macbride Prize to Two Island Communities: Lampedusa (Italy) and Gangjeon Village, Jeju Island (S. Korea)" (PDF). International Peace Bureau. International Peace Bureau. August 24, 2015. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
  32. ^ "IPB to Award Sean MacBride Peace Prize 2016 to Colin Archer". Pressenza. Pressenza. November 11, 2016. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
  33. ^ "Press Release: Seán MacBride Peace Prize 2018" (PDF). International Peace Bureau. International Peace Bureau. September 12, 2018. Retrieved November 11, 2018.
  34. ^ "Nobel Peace Prize Laureates". International Peace Bureau. Archived from the original on 2016-04-15. Retrieved 2016-03-01.
  35. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1901-2000". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. 1 Mar 2017. <http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/themes/peace/lundestad-review/index.html>

Sources[edit]

  • Gobat, Albert, Développement du Bureau international permanent de la paix. Bern, 1910.
  • Herz, Ulrich, The International Peace Bureau: History, Aims, Activities. Geneva, 1969.
  • From Nobel Lectures, Peace 1901-1925, Editor Frederick W. Haberman, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1972.

External links[edit]