World Peace Council prizes

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The World Peace Council (WPC), an anti-imperialist non-governmental organization, has awarded a number of prizes, beginning in 1950.[1] These have been awarded to individuals, organisations, peoples, and places. Typically, several winners would be voted at one WPC congress; these, or their representative, would receive their prize at a later congress, or from a WPC delegation. Extra prizes were awarded in 1959 and 1964, to mark the WPC's 10th and 15th anniversaries.[1]

The awards include:

  • International Peace Prize established at the first World Congress of Peace held in April 1949, in Paris.[1] The original 1949 regulations envisaged prizes for art, literature, film, or industrial work which advanced the cause of peace among nations.[2] In 1951, the WPC recategorised three distinct awards:[1]
    • International Peace Prize, last awarded in 1957.[2]
    • Honorary International Peace Prize, for posthumous award.
    • Medal of Peace, renamed in 1959 the Joliot-Curie Medal of Peace,[2] in honour of Frédéric Joliot-Curie, who led the WPC till his death in 1958. This medal has been awarded in silver, but the highest WPC honour is the gold medal.
  • Ho Chi Minh Award, a leadership award established in honour of Ho Chi Minh (not to be confused with the Ho Chi Minh Prizes awarded by the Vietnamese government).
  • Amilcar Cabral Award, established in 1973 in honour of Amílcar Cabral, for contributions to "the struggle against imperialism and colonialism".[3][4] (The Cape Verde and Guinea-Bissau governments also award Amilcar Cabral prizes.)

The WPC was allied with the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Some recipients of its prizes have also won the Lenin Peace Prize, a separate prize awarded by a panel appointed by the Soviet government.

Some of those sympathetic to the Israeli treatment of Palestinians expressed the opinion that the award lost credibility in 1980 when it was presented to Yasser Arafat, whom they considered a terrorist. They also objected to awarding the prize to Egyptian president Gamal Abdul Nasser. Some who were unfriendly to the socialist cause objected to awarding the prize to Cuban president Fidel Castro and Soviet premier Leonid Brezhnev as well as Romanian premier Nicole Ceauşescu.

List of award winners[edit]

Date Awardee Type Country Award Notes Refs
1950 Julius Fučík Person Czechoslovakia Honorary International Peace Prize Posthumous. [1]
1950 Pablo Picasso Person Spain International Peace Prize [1]
1950 Pablo Neruda Person Chile International Peace Prize [1]
1950 Paul Robeson Person United States International Peace Prize [1]
1950 Nâzım Hikmet Person Turkey International Peace Prize [1]
1950 Wanda Jakubowska Person Poland International Peace Prize For her 1948 film Ostatni etap ("The Last Stage") [1][5]
1950 Candido Portinari Person Brazil Gold Medal [1]
1950 Jean-Richard Bloch Person France Gold Medal [1]
1950 Mihail Sadoveanu Person Romania Gold Medal [1]
1950 Renato Guttuso Person Italy Gold Medal [1]
1950 Václav Dobiaš Person Czechoslovakia Gold Medal [1]
1950 Louis Daquin Person France Gold Medal [1]
1950 Al-Tariq Work Lebanon Gold Medal Journal. [1]
1950 Iunost' mira (Юность мира, "Youth of the World") Work Soviet Union / Hungary Gold Medal Documentary about the 1949 World Youth Festival in Budapest. [1][6]
1950 Warsaw Place Poland Honorary International Peace Prize An exceptional award to the city as "a symbol of peaceful restoration". [1]
1953 Nikola Vaptsarov Person Bulgaria Honorary International Peace Prize Posthumous award. [1]
1953 Leopoldo Méndez Person Mexico International Peace Prize Member of the Comite por la Paz Mexicano [1][7]
1953 Mulk Raj Anand Person India International Peace Prize [1][8][9]
1953 W.E.B. Du Bois Person United States International Peace Prize Won the Lenin Peace Prize in 1959. [1][10]
1953 Paul Éluard Person France International Peace Prize [1]
1953 Halldór Laxness Person Iceland International Peace Prize [1]
1953 Martin Hellberg Person Germany DR International Peace Prize For directing Das verurteilte Dorf ("The condemned village"). [1][11]
1953 Kurt Stern Person Germany DR International Peace Prize For co-writing Das verurteilte Dorf ("The condemned village"). [1][11]
1953 Jeanne Stern Person Germany DR International Peace Prize For co-writing Das verurteilte Dorf ("The condemned village"). [1][11]
1953 Jean Effel Person France Gold Medal [1]
1953 Vítězslav Nezval Person Czechoslovakia Gold Medal [1]
1953 James Aldridge Person Australia Gold Medal For his novel The Diplomat. [1][12]
1953 Cláudio Santoro Person Brazil Gold Medal For his orchestral work Canto de Amor e Paz. [1]
1953 Maria Rosa Oliver Person Argentina Gold Medal [1]
1953 Toshiko Akamatsu Person Japan Gold Medal For Hiroshima panels [1]
1953 Iri Maruki Person Japan Gold Medal For Hiroshima panels [1]
1953 Bozorg Alavi Person Iran Gold Medal [1][13]
1953 Jean Salandre Person France Gold Medal [1]
1953 S. Csorvás Person Romania Gold Medal For sculpture "Korean partisans" [1]
1953 Carlos Augusto León Person Venezuela Gold Medal [1]
1953 Luis Carlos Pérez Person Colombia Gold Medal [1]
1953 Wäinö Aaltonen Person Finland Gold Medal For statue entitled "Peace". [1][14]
1954 Charlie Chaplin Person United Kingdom International Peace Prize [1]
1954 Dmitri Shostakovich Person Soviet Union International Peace Prize [1]
1955 Béla Bartók Person Hungary Honorary International Peace Prize Posthumous award [1][15]
1955 Édouard Herriot Person France International Peace Prize [1]
1955 Joris Ivens Person Netherlands International Peace Prize [1]
1955 Cesare Zavattini Person Italy International Peace Prize [1]
1955 Josué de Castro Person Brazil International Peace Prize [1]
1956 Irène Joliot-Curie Person France Honorary International Peace Prize Posthumous award [1]
1956 William Howard Melish Person United States International Peace Prize [1][16]
1956 Qi Baishi Person China PR International Peace Prize [1]
1956 Nikos Kazantzakis Person Greece International Peace Prize [1]
1957 Bertrand Russell Person United Kingdom International Peace Prize Refused award. [17]
1957 Guo Moruo Person China PR Joliot-Curie medal [18]
? Bud Schultz Person United States International Peace Prize [19]
1959 Manolis Glezos Person Greece Joliot-Curie gold medal [1][20]
1959 Tristao de Braganza Cunha Person Goa Gold medal Posthumous award [21]
1959 Afro-Asian People's Solidarity Organisation Organisation International Gold medal [1]
1959 Mouvement de la Paix Organisation France Gold medal [1]
1959 Czechoslovak Peace Committee Organisation Czechoslovakia Gold medal [1]
1959 Boris Polevoy Person Soviet Union Gold medal [1]
1959 Zaharia Stancu Person Romania Gold medal [1]
1959 George Hanna Person Lebanon Gold medal [1]
1959 Olga Poblete de Espinosa Person Chile Gold medal [1]
1959 Eva Sanderson Person Canada Gold medal [1]
1959 Alexei Adzhubei Person Soviet Union silver medal [22]
1959 Yevgeny Zhukov Person Soviet Union Joliot-Curie silver medal [23]
1959 Konstantin Fedin Person Soviet Union Joliot-Curie silver medal [24]
1959 Trofim Lysenko Person Soviet Union Joliot-Curie silver medal [25]
? Aleksandr V. Topchiev Person Soviet Union Silver medal [26]
1959 Katharine Susannah Prichard Person Australia Medal [27]
1959 Igor Kurchatov Person Soviet Union Joliot-Curie silver medal [28]
1959 Bill Morrow Person Australia Joliot-Curie silver medal [29]
1959 R. K. Aggarwal Person India Joliot-Curie silver medal [30]
1959 Pyotr Kapitsa Person Soviet Union Joliot-Curie silver medal [31]
1959 Juan Marinello Vidaurreta Person Cuba Joliot-Curie silver medal [32]
1960 Ferdinando Targetti Person Italy Gold medal [1]
1960 Walter Diehl Person Germany FR Gold medal [1]
1960 Edith Höreth-Menge Person Germany FR Gold medal [1]
1960 Erwin Eckert Person Germany FR Gold medal [1]
1960 Gerhard Wohlrath Person Germany FR Jubilee Silver medal [1]
1960 Gustav Tiefes Person Germany FR Jubilee Silver medal [1]
1960 Johannes Oberhof Person Germany FR Jubilee Silver medal [1]
1960 Erich Kompalla Person Germany FR Jubilee Silver medal [1]
1960 Nikita Khrushchev Person Soviet Union Medal [33]
1961 Ilya Ehrenburg Person Soviet Union Gold medal Marking his 70th birthday. [1]
1961 Eugénie Cotton Person France Gold medal Marking her 80th birthday. [1]
1961 World Federation of Democratic Youth Organisation International Gold medal [1]
? Political prisoners in Francoist Spain Persons Spain Gold medal [34]
? Nicolai Gribachov Person Soviet Union Grand Silver medal [35]
? Dmitri Skobeltsyn Person Soviet Union Medal [36]
? Lazaro Cardenas Person Mexico Joliot-Curie medal [37]
1963 Manolis Glezos Person Greece Gold medal [1]
1963 Gregoris Lambrakis Person Greece Gold medal Posthumous award [1]
1963 Jaramogi Oginga Odinga Person Kenya Gold medal [38]
1964 Julián Grimau Person Spain Gold medal Posthumous award. [1]
1964 Tawfiq Munir Person Iraq Gold medal Posthumous award. [1]
1964 Ahmed Boumendjel Person Algeria Gold medal Posthumous award. [1]
1964 Árpád Szakasits Person Hungary Gold medal Marking his 75th birthday. [1]
1964 Ferdinando Targetti Person Italy Gold medal [1]
1964 Walter Friedrich Person Germany DR Gold medal [1]
1964 Alfred Weber Person Germany FR Gold medal [1]
1964 Wilhelm Elfes Person Germany FR Gold medal [1]
1964 Hewlett Johnson Person United Kingdom Gold medal [1]
1964 Stanisław Kulczyński Person Poland Gold medal [1]
1964 Yiangos Potamitis Person Cyprus Gold medal [1]
1964 Alberto T. Casella Person Argentina Gold medal [1]
1964 José R. Gabaldón Person Venezuela Gold medal [1]
1964 Jean Boulier Person France Gold medal [1]
1964 Wanda Wasilewska Person Soviet Union / Poland Gold medal [1]
1964 Viktor Chkhikvadze Person Soviet Union Gold medal [1]
1964 Mikhail Kotov Person Soviet Union Gold medal [1]
1964 Hiroshima Place Japan Gold medal [1]
1964 Nagasaki Place Japan Gold medal [1]
1964 Nelson Mandela Person South Africa Joliot-Curie gold medal [39]
1964 Jarosław Iwaszkiewicz Person Poland Joliot-Curie gold medal [40]
1965 Khaled Mohi El Din Person Egypt Gold medal [1]
1965 Shafi Ahmed el Sheikh Person Sudan Gold medal [1]
1965 Francis John Hartley Person Australia Joliot-Curie gold medal [41]
1965 Eric Henry Stoneley Burhop Person Australia Joliot-Curie gold medal [42]
1966 Valentina Tereshkova Person Soviet Union Joliot-Curie gold medal [43]
1966 Agostinho Neto Person Angola Joliot-Curie medal [44][45]
1966 Juan Marinello Vidaurreta Person Cuba Joliot-Curie gold medal [32][46]
1968 Pablo Neruda Person Chile Joliot-Curie gold medal [47]
1969 György Lukács Person Hungary Joliot-Curie medal [48]
1969 Dondogiyn Tsevegmid Person Mongolia Joliot-Curie medal [49]
1969 Denis Nowell Pritt Person United Kingdom Joliot-Curie medal [50]
1969 Hugo Pesce Person Peru Joliot-Curie medal Posthumous award. [51]
1970 Jawaharlal Nehru Person India Joliot-Curie medal Posthumous award. [52]
1971 Martin Luther King Person United States Joliot-Curie gold medal Posthumous award, accepted by Ralph Abernathy of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. [53]
1971 Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum Organisation Poland Joliot-Curie gold medal [54]
1972 Amílcar Cabral Person Guinea-Bissau / Cape Verde Joliot-Curie medal [4]
1972 Fidel Castro Person Cuba Joliot-Curie gold medal [55]
1972 Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal Person Mongolia Joliot-Curie gold medal [56][57]
1972 Gamal Abdel Nasser Person Egypt Joliot-Curie medal Posthumous award. [58]
1972 Salvador Allende Person Chile Joliot-Curie gold medal [55]

[58][59]

1972 Coalition for Peace and Justice Organisation United States Joliot-Curie medal [58]
1972 Organization of African Unity Organisation International Joliot-Curie medal [58]
1972 "the people of Lao fighting for independence and freedom" Place Laos Joliot-Curie medal [58]
1973 Raymond Goor Person Belgium Joliot-Curie gold medal [60]
1973 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Person Bangladesh Joliot-Curie medal [61]
1974 Edward Gierek Person Poland Joliot-Curie gold medal [62]
1975 Urho Kekkonen Person Finland Joliot-Curie gold medal [63]
1975 Yasser Arafat Person Palestine Joliot-Curie gold medal [63][64]
1975 Makarios III Person Cyprus Joliot-Curie gold medal [63]
1975 Government of North Vietnam Organisation Vietnam DR Joliot-Curie gold medal [63]
1975 Government of South Vietnam Organisation Vietnam Rep Joliot-Curie gold medal [63]
1975 United Nations Special Committee against Apartheid Organisation International Joliot-Curie gold medal [63][65]
1975 United Nations Special Committee on Decolonisation Organisation International Joliot-Curie gold medal [63][65]
1975 Leonid Brezhnev Person Soviet Union Joliot-Curie gold medal Considered a riposte to Andrei Sakharov's 1975 Nobel Peace Prize. [66]
1976 Samora Machel Person Mozambique Joliot-Curie gold medal [67]
1977 Vietnam Place Vietnam Joliot-Curie medal Presented to Nguyễn Hữu Thọ. The Vietnamese government had earlier awarded the WPC its Friendship Order. [68][69][70]
1977 World Marxist Review Work Czechoslovakia [71]
1977 Nicolae Ceauşescu Person Romania Joliot-Curie medal The award was delayed by Soviet objections, but pushed through by Indira Gandhi. [72]
1978 Mengistu Haile Mariam Person Ethiopia Joliot-Curie gold medal [73][74]
1979 Michael Manley Person Jamaica Joliot-Curie gold medal [75]
1980 Heng Samrin Person Kampuchea Joliot-Curie medal [76]
1980 Yasser Arafat Person Palestine Ho Chi Minh award [77]
1980 Federico Sotolongo Guerra Person Cuba Medal [78]
1981 Sandinista National Liberation Front Organisation Nicaragua Ho Chi Minh award [79]
1981 Líber Seregni Person Uruguay Joliot-Curie gold medal [80]
1983 Enuga Sreenivasulu Reddy Person India Joliot-Curie gold medal Director of the UN Centre against Apartheid [65]
1983 Yusuf Maitama Sule Person Nigeria Joliot-Curie gold medal Chairman of the UN Special Committee against Apartheid [65]
1985 James E. Jackson Person United States Joliot-Curie gold medal [81]
1986 African National Congress Organisation South Africa Ho Chi Minh award Accepted by Oliver Tambo. [82]
1986 Sam Nujoma Person Namibia Ho Chi Minh award [83]
1986 Bratislava Place Czechoslovakia Town of Peace [84]
1988 Julius Nyerere Person Tanzania Joliot-Curie medal [85]
1988 Pimen I of Moscow Person Soviet Union Joliot-Curie gold medal [86]
1989 Daniel Ortega Person Nicaragua Joliot-Curie gold medal [87]
? P. J. Patterson Person Jamaica Joliot-Curie medal [88]

In 2002, the WPC denied news reports that it had given a prize to Meles Zenawi.[89]

References[edit]

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