International Philosophy Olympiad

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The International Philosophy Olympiad (IPO) is an International Science Olympiad, a philosophy competition for high school students. It is organized under the auspices of the FISP (Fédération Internationale des Sociétés de Philosophie) and supported by UNESCO.

History[edit]

The International Philosophy Olympiad was founded through an initiative by Ivan Kolev from Sofia University, Bulgaria. [1] The idea was to help replace the Marxist-Leninist subjects taught in schools throughout Eastern Europe between 1947 and 1990. The first International Philosophy Olympiad was held in 1993 in Smolyan, Bulgaria, with three participating countries, Bulgaria, Romania (lead by Elena Florina Otet) and Turkey (lead by Nuran Direk). In the second edition in 1994 in Petrich, Bulgaria, two additional countries joined, Poland (lead by Władysław Krajewski) and Germany (lead by Gerd Gerhardt).[2] Together with Hungary (lead by Katalin Havas) these countries founded the IPO. [3] The IPO received welcome by UNESCO. [4] Since 2001 the International Philosophy Olympiads have been organized under the auspices of FISP and with the recognition and support of UNESCO.

Regulations[edit]

Objectives[edit]

According to the regulations, the objectives of the IPO are the following:

  • to promote philosophical education at the secondary school level and increase the interest of high school pupils in philosophy;
  • to encourage the development of national, regional, and local contests in philosophy among pre-university students worldwide;
  • to contribute to the development of critical, inquisitive and creative thinking;
  • to promote philosophical reflection on science, art, and social life;
  • to cultivate the capacity for ethical reflection on the problems of the modern world; and,
  • by encouraging intellectual exchanges and securing opportunities for personal contacts between young people from different countries, to promote the culture of peace.[5]

Administration[edit]

The IPO is run by the following bodies: the International Committee, consisting of the delegation leaders having already organized an IPO, the Steering Board, consisting of members from the FISP, UNESCO and the International Committee, the National Organizing Committee, and the International Jury, consisting of all delegation leaders and teachers.[6]

Competition[edit]

Students competing in the Olympiad are given four hours to write a philosophical essay on one of four topics given. The topics are provided in the four official languages of the IPO - English, Spanish, French and German - and the student must choose to write one of these in a language other than his/her own; that is, a native French speaker would not be allowed to write in French. There are five criteria of evaluation.

  1. Relevance to the topic
  2. Philosophical understanding of the topic
  3. Coherence
  4. Power of argumentation
  5. Originality

Evaluation proceeds in three stages:

  1. International Jury composed of teachers from different delegations form groups of about 4-5 to read certain number of the essays. Each member of a group reads the same 5-6 essays, then compares notes with other members of the same group and gives his mark/score on a scale of 10. Those above average score of 7.0 from being thus read make it to the next level. No teacher is allowed to read the essay of a student from his/her own country.
  2. About four members of the International Jury then individually reads those essays which are according to the criteria below:
  1. Those getting average 7.0 or above in previous stage
  2. Those having a difference in marking by two jury members of more than 3.0 point
  1. Those finally making a new average of 7.0 or above are recommended by the international jury to the steering board with five members from the FISP and the international committee. Each person in this board reads each essay individually. The steering board then decides the medals and honorable mentions to be given. They need not accept the ranking of essays as given by the international jury. [7]

National selection process[edit]

According to the regulations, the selection of the candidates participating for a particular country are chosen through a selection process which should be organized or be under the auspices of a national philosophical organization member of the FISP.[8] The precise structure of the national competition varies from country to country.

Estonia[edit]

In Estonia the selection process, which was initiated by philosopher Leo Luks, consists of two stages. At the first stage, students write an essay at home in their mother tongue. That means, Russian language for Russian minority is also accepted. The national jury (5 members) chooses 10 best essays for the next stage. In the second round (4 days long), finalists spend firstly 2 days together where they participate in different lectures and workshops. After that, the final competition begins, which consists of 4 different parts: 1. 4-hours essay in foreign language, as it is in IPO (maximum 30 points) 2. Test of informal logic (10 points) 3. Test of central philosophical notions and theories (10 points) 4. Oral 1 to 1 debate about one philosophical problem (10 points) Two best students represents the country at the IPO

Germany[edit]

In Germany there are three stages: a) The best two or three essays of a class (written in German) are sent to the jury (until December, 6th); the good essays will be honoured by a certificate. b) The best 26 essay-writers are invited to Muenster (four days in February), where they write again an essay (in English or French) and hear and discuss two philosophy lectures. c) The two best essay-writers in Muenster represent the country at the IPO (in May).

Hungary[edit]

The IPO selection procedure in Hungary is closely related to and based on the National Students Competition in philosophy, which is embedded in a wide range of National high-school competitions organized under the auspices of the Ministry of Education. All the competitions (mathematics, etc.) are organized in 3 levels, over January - April. The competitions in philosophy involve 11th and mainly 12th grade students, altogether approx. 300 students nationwide. The first, school-level round is based on testing knowledge in history of philosophy (thus emphasizing the relevance of the curricula and maturity criteria). Students with sufficient score are eligible to enter the 2nd round. The second round is about writing an essay, students are free to select one topic out of four. The best papers are selected by a jury of Academics, which consists of Faculty staff members invited by the ME, who will invite the students to the finals, i.e. an oral examination. Hungarian is the only official language all through the national competition levels. The IPO Selection invites the best 30 students after the 2nd round. Under the supervision of the Hungarian Philosophical Society, a new Jury are being invited who will propose the 4 quotations, and they should evaluate all the papers. Students will take part at the IPO selection where all the IPO rules and regulations are respected: essay-writing, bi-lingual dictionary, timing, evaluation criteria, languages, etc. Usually approx. 15 students take part at the IPO selection and the authors of best 2 papers are proposed to participate at the IPO. Students receive assistance from their teachers to participate at the competitions, however the Philosophical Youth Camps and the „Philosophical tea-house” movement (inspired by IPO colleagues in Turkey) may also help students to gain and deepen their interest in philosophy.

India[edit]

The Olympiad is non-funded and thus a totally voluntary effort for both the teachers and students. The selection process, which is organized by Kedar Soni, is in two stages:

  1. Abhinav Philosopher - objective and subjective tasks online to primarily gauge students logical and verbal reasoning. Held around beginning of December by Abhinav Vidyalay. (school which coordinates the process) Top 20% are selected to the next stage.
  2. Indian Philosophy Olympiad - Essay round similar in format to the IPO competition. It is held online around January in a time-bound manner.

The two best from the stage 2 represent the country, provided they can fund themselves. Then the training program is held for a couple of weeks, to orient students to systematic philosophy and argumentation. It runs for about 12 hours a day and students need to be accommodated at the venue. Those clearing stage 1 are also invited in order to prepare them for next IPO. After the program, until the IPO, students meet 2-3 times weekly for about 3–4 hours in an online lecture room (video + whiteboard) to discuss essay topics and their arguments.

Norway[edit]

In 2005, the first year of Norway participating in an IPO, Thor Steinar Grødal just picked his two best philosophy students at Foss high school, in 2006 he and Olav Birkeland picked one each as Foss High School and Oslo Handelsgymnasium were the only ones in Oslo and possibly in the whole of Norway that offered a philosophy course for high school students. Since 2007 a new subject 'history&philosophy' (5 lessons per week in 2nd and 3rd grade) has been introduced to many high schools in Norway, and the selection process for IPO has been tied up to the Baltic Sea Philosophy Essay Competition. 100 Norwegian students from 14 schools participated in this competition in November 2011. In 2012 there was for the first time a 2nd round in Oslo March 23–24 for the 10 best Norwegian participants. These ten went to IPO Oslo 2012 on the extended quota of the host country.

Switzerland[edit]

The selection process was initiated in 2005 by Jonas Pfister, and 2006 was the first year Switzerland participated in an IPO. The selection process is organized by the association SwissPhilO, the president of which is Stephanie Pereiras Gomes, a former IPO participant for Switzerland. From 2005 to 2012, the selection process consisted of two stages, a first round and a second round. Since 2013 the selection process consists of three stages. At the first stage, students write an essay at school or at home. Out of these, the authors of the best essays are invited to a second round, a semi-final, where they participate in workshops and write a second essay in their mother tongue, that is German or French. Again, the authors of the best essays qualify for the next round, the national final, where the students again participate in workshops and write another essay. A jury of five members selects the two best who will represent the country at the IPO. [9]

United States[edit]

The United States participated in IPO competitions four times until 2003. In 2001 the IPO was hosted by the US in Philadelphia. From 2003 until 2011, however, the US did not participate. At the 2009 December conference meeting of the American Philosophical Association (APA), Eastern Division teacher Joseph A. Murphy met with APA executive director, David Schrader, and told him about the curriculum for a course 'A History of Western Philosophy' taught in Spanish for American high school students in their last two years before university. Over the next year, the course was approved by the Curriculum Committee at Dwight-Englewood School (D-E). David Schrader and William McBride had been discussing ways to reanimate the US philosophy community to re-enter the IPO competitions. Adding Spanish as an official IPO language was seen to be a possible key to doing this. Spanish was added to English, French and German on a trial basis before IPO Vienna 2011. In order to participate in IPO Vienna 2011, Murphy chose two of his best philosophy students who also studied Spanish at D-E. Together they formed the 2011 US Delegation with the blessing of APA. Since then, there has been a national competition for high school students called the American Philosophy Olympiad, in which high school students from around the nation submit philosophy essays in either Spanish, French, or German in response to a given prompt. The two top essays are chosen, and those two students represent the United States at the IPO.

Czech Republic[edit]

The Czech philosophical competition for high school students was established by Tomáš Nejeschleba at the Department of Philosophy, Faculty of Arts, Palacký University in Olomouc in 2011.[10] Since 2012, the competition called “Nebojme se myslet“[11] consists of two stages. In the first stage, students write an essay on one of four topics in Czech language. The criteria are the same as in the International Philosophy Olympiad: relevance to the topic, philosophical understanding of the topic, coherence, power of argumentation, originality. The 20 best essays are qualified for the second stage in which students write a short essay in one of the IPO languages. The two best students are then qualified for the IPO. Since 2014 is the main organizer of Czech philosophical competition Jan Čížek from Palacký University. He is also the leader of Czech delegation at the IPO.

Previous competitions and medallists[edit]

Number Year Location Gold Silver Bronze Honorable Mention
1 1993 Smolyan,  Bulgaria
2 1994 Petrich,  Bulgaria
3 1995 Stara Zagora,  Bulgaria
4 1996 Istanbul,  Turkey
5 1997 Warsaw,  Poland
6 1998 Braşov,  Romania
7 1999 Budapest,  Hungary
8 2000 Münster,  Germany Ognyan Kassabov Bulgaria
Gianluca Rossi Italy
Boris Popivanov Bulgaria
9 2001 Philadelphia, United States Ute Scholl Germany
Laura Lapierre Venezuela
Felix von Lehmden Germany
10 2002 Tokyo,  Japan Silvia Crupano Italy
Vasilescu Ion Gheorghe Romania
Akse Pettersson Finland
11 2003 Buenos Aires,  Argentina Torsten Schoeneberg Germany
Sergio Barberis Argentina
Gabriel Abelof Argentina
Sarah Helduser Germany

Mete Tuczu Turkey

Hyun Lee South Korea

Francesco D'Acunto Italy

Wojciech Orowiecki Poland

Andrei Poamă Romania

Sezen Kayhan Turkey

12 2004 Seoul,  South Korea Leopold Hess Poland
Joanna Kusiak Poland

Lukas Steinacher Austria

Mert Bahadir Reisoglu Turkey

Seungwon Chang South Korea

Matija Lavrinc Slovenia

German Diaz Argentina

Valeriya T. Vitkova Bulgaria

Elena Bellodi Italy

David Kovacs Hungary

Andreea Elena Simion Romania

13 2005 Warsaw,  Poland Mikolaj Ratajczak Poland

Tomasz Przezdziecki Poland

Alexandru Marcoci Romania

Marta Sznajder Poland

Antti Saarilahti Finland

Nora Labo Romania

David Himler Austria

Patricio Kingston Argentina

Woo Chan Lee South Korea

Jutta Obertegger Italy

Jae Won Choi South Korea

Roberta Di Nanni Italy

Agnieszka Kurzemska Poland

Marcin Kotowski Poland

14 2006 Cosenza,  Italy Efe Murat Balikcioglu Turkey
Mateusz Chaberski Poland
Saila Kakko Finland
Johann Alexander Germany

Santiago Auat Argentina
Stefano Burzo Italy
Margherita Busti Italy
Anna Drozdowicz Poland
Florin-Radu Gogianu Romania
Carmen Kautto Finland
Conrad Krausche Switzerland
Maximilian Huber Austria
Sara Musi Italy
Shapira Shiri Israel
Andras Schuller Hungary
Joseph Steinlechner Austria
Daniel Thoms Germany
Peter Ujma Hungary
Christian Danielov Vatchkov Bulgaria

15 2007 Antalya,  Turkey Zeynep Pamuk Turkey Daria Cybulska Poland

Stefan Stefanovic Serbia

Alexander Johann Germany

Martin Hergouth Slovenia

Soh Hyun-Min South Korea

Elena Alexandra Corbu Romania

Matthias Hoernes Austria
Milena Alexandrova Alexandrova Bulgaria
Filip Taterka Poland
Clara Kropivsek Slovenia
Corina Cristine Lefter Romania
Heidi Meriste Estonia
Luca Vegetti Italy
Bernát Iváncsics Hungary
Christoph Schachenhofer Austria
Nanako Kurioka Japan

16 2008 Iaşi,  Romania Jan Seidel Germany

Sergiu Matei Lucaci Romania

Maria Alexandra Baneu Romania

Conrad Krausche Switzerland

Heta Nuutinen Finland

Andrea Beghini Italy

Michal Godziszewski Poland

Arina Cristina Baibarac Romania

Helene Sorgner Austria

Denis Tramonte Italy

Tal Yankovitz Israel

Kristina Kashfullina Russia

Perczel János Hungary

Vallari Sawant India
Adrian Cristian Ardelean Romania
Toth Olivér István Hungary
Maria Ciurchea Romania
Antoine Vuille Switzerland
Yuval David Hananel Israel
Illia Gorbachev Russia
Lukas Paltanavicius Lithuania
Dalius Petrulionis Lithuania
Sebastian Köthe Germany

17 2009 Helsinki,  Finland Sarri Nironen Finland
Eliza Tymianska Poland

Petar Penev Bulgaria

Kristina Kashfullina Russia

Luiza Pasca Romania

Hyun-Kyu KimSouth Korea

Ayse Dilek Izek Turkey
Pietari Kupiainen Finland
Patrick Mujunen Finland
[12]

18 2010 Athens,  Greece Aljaž Jelenko Slovenia Kacper Kowalczyk Poland

Jaehyun Yoo South Korea

Tibor Backhausz Hungary

Valeriu Alexandru Cuc Romania
Josef Piras Italy

Erik Ramberg Norway

Ignas Rubikas Lithuania
Anita Ignatova Bulgaria
Anna Smertina Estonia
Alessio Rocca Italy
Paul Kuuse Estonia
Tae Heun Kim South Korea
Tapani Pulkkinen Finland
Platias Nikolaos Greece
Henning Rognlien Norway
Irina Horodinca Romania
Murel Leuenberger Switzerland
Chitra Adkar India
Nikolina Budan Croatia
Firat Akova Turkey
Karoliina Juulia Pulkkinen Finland

[13]

19 2011 Vienna,  Austria Nikolaj Møller Denmark Chang Hyun Choi South Korea

José Gusmão Rodrigues Portugal

Niklas Plaetzer Germany

Sakari Nuuttila Finland
Stavros Orfeas Zormbalas Greece

Mustafa Ayçiçegi Turkey

Tibor Backhausz Hungary
Franziska Bahl Austria
Miguel de la Riva Germany
Cristina Costina Diamant Romania
Vanessa Gstrein Austria
Milana Kostic Serbia
Jwa Seong Lee Korea
Luka Mikec Croatia
Dominykas Milašius Lithuania
Patrick Mokre Austria
Junho Oh Canada
Thierry Schütz Switzerland
Barbara Šoda Croatia
Marie Vestergaard-Thomsen Denmark

[14]

20 2012 Oslo,  Norway Sarah Yoon South Korea

Tadas Kriščiūnas Lithuania

Jeff Granhøj Denmark

Aleksi Korpela Finland

Myrto Vlazaki Greece

Nishith Bharat Khandwala India

Niklas Plaetzer Germany

Abhinav Suresh Menon India
Stian Follevaag Ersvær Norway

Kasper Siim Viftrup Denmark

Vaclav Masek Sánchez Guatemala
Guy Yassor Israel
Sun Young Hwang South Korea
Justine Zepa Latvia
Michail Sklaskis Lithuania
Djuro Ilic Montenegro
Sadaf Soloukey Netherlands
Lars Borge Hellesylt Norway
Diogo José Martins Lopes Portugal
Corina Ezaru Romania
Darko Peric Serbia
[15]

21 2013 Odense,  Denmark Róbert Palasik Hungary Theo Anders Austria

Abhinav Menon India

Hye Jin Lee South Korea

Petra Požgaj Croatia
Juan Nigri Argentina

Esteban van Volcem Belgium
Martin Kamenov Iliev Bulgaria
Anton Thorell Steinø Denmark
David Therkildsen Denmark
Magnus Baunsgaard Kris Denmark
Ida Mosegaard Denmark
Märt Belkin Estonia
Neal Graham Germany
Jonathan Krude Germany
Maria Oikonomoy-Makrygianni Greece
Lauris Zvirbulis Latvia
Misa Skalskis Lithuania
Dominika Pankow Poland
José Forte Portugal
Vraciu Cosmin Petru Romania
Denis Horvat Slovenia
Léonore Stangherlin Switzerland
Patrick Côté Switzerland
[16]

22 2014 Vilnius,  Lithuania Vulpe dan Cristian Romania

Elina Karastie Finland

Jakob Gomolka Germany

Lukas Jonuška Lithuania

Jacob Karlsson Lagerros Sweden

Beatriz Santos Portugal

Iván György Merker Hungary

Abhishek Dedhe India

João Madeira Portugal

Tadas Temčinas Lithuania

Radosław Jurczak Poland

Chagajeg Soloukey Tbalvandany Netherlands

Benedikt Zöchling Austria

Rafail Zoulis Greece
Maša Marić Croatia
Justinas Mickus Lithuania
Janko Zeković Montenegro
Francisco RÍOS VIÑUELA Spain
Bernt Johan Damslora Norway
Jani Patrakka Finland

Federico Aguilar Guatemala

Chan Park South Korea
Sophus Svarre Rosendahl Denmark
Viviana de Santis Italy
Yuki Kanai Japan
Martin Molan Slovenia
Marta-Liisa Talvet Estonia
Rūta Karpauskaitė Lithuania
Vraciu Cosmin Petru Romania
[17]

23 2015 Tartu,  Estonia Iván György Merker Hungary

Antti Autio Finland

Chagajeg Soloukey Tbalvandany Netherlands

Eleftherios Chatzitheodorides Greece

David Gjorgoski Republic of Macedonia

Martin Molan Slovenia

Sandro Huber Austria

Neven Borak Slovenia

Abhishek Dedhe India

Öznur Hancı Turkey

Ludovico Machet Italy

Dārta Paula Šveisberga Latvia
Rosaria Caddeo Italy
Stanisław Jędrczak Poland
Teodora Groza Romania

Anda Maria Zahiu Romania

Ivona Janjic Serbia

Antonina Jamrozik Poland
Ana Bellamy Guatemala
Augustė Saladytė Lithuania
Konstantin Krasimirov Tumanov Bulgaria
Lara Gafner Switzerland
Helen Maria Raadik Estonia
Liisi Voll Estonia
Petar Soldo Croatia
Niklas Uhmeier Germany
Fredrik Johnsson Sweden
Zsolt Hegyesi Hungary
Kyu Bo Shim South Korea
Ragna Heyne Germany
Viachaslau Verashchahin Belarus
Nadal Abril Lucia Molina Argentina
Alžběta Vítková Czech Republic
Audun Rugstad Norway
Deyan Kirilov Madzharski Bulgaria
[18]

24 2016 Ghent,  Belgium Ihsan Barış Gedizlioğlu Turkey

Eui Young Kim South Korea

Jungho Choi South Korea

Hana Samaržija Croatia

Teodora Groza Romania

Johanna U. Marstrander Norway

Drishtti Rawat India

Fabian Strobel Germany

Svit Komel Slovenia

Matthijs de Jong Netherlands

Sarp Çelikel Turkey

Sara Pyykölä Finland

Liwia Rogalewicz Poland

Anna Morandini Austria
Tathagat Bhatia India
Sonja Stiebahl Germany
Alexandre Eira Portugal
Uladzislau Voinich Belarus
Anna Skácelová Czech Republic
Ábrahám Horváth Hungary
Jan Brändle Switzerland
Matija Pušnik Slovenia
Roberta Del Pezzo Italy
Andreea Ioana Aelenei Romania
Matthias Verlinden Belgium
Emil Kotzev Bulgaria
Lilja Valtonen Finland
Aistė Grušnytė Lithuania
Helo Liis Soodla Estonia
Tomoki Ishikawa Japan
Daan Van Cauwenberge Belgium
Ruben Algoet Belgium
Pavel Belkevich Belarus
Polina Perova Russia
Frederico Cardoso Portugal
Sol Gigena Argentina [19]

25 2017 Rotterdam,  Netherlands Mor Divshi Israel

Nóra Schultz Hungary

Milan Milenović Serbia

Álvaro Salgado Carranza Spain

Hrvoje Kožić Croatia

Victor Mordhorst Denmark

Rosalie Looijaard Netherlands

Mihnea Bâlici Romania

Michal Karlubik Slovakia

Konstantinos-Marios Konstantinou Greece

Arth Gupta India

Kaarel Hänni Estonia

Crista Erales Guatemala

Carolien Krekt Netherlands

Antonio Piltcher Brazil

Reinis Cirpons Latvia

Isaias Moser Switzerland

Edoardo Calvello Italy

Leonie Hong Germany

Tathagat Bhatia India

Amanda Häkkinen Finland

Laura Evers Netherlands

Lóránt Kiss Hungary

Baoyi Ni China

Vasilen Vasilev Bulgaria

Boris Janevski Republic of Macedonia

Martina Fridl Slovenia

Simon Derudder Belgium

Danilo Djukanovic Montenegro

Karolina Bassa Poland

Ajuna Soerjadi Netherlands

Franciszek Cudek Poland

Arkadiy Saakyan Russia

26 2018 Bar, Montenegro Montenegro Radka Pallová Czech Republic

Amanda Häkkinen Finland

Michal Karlubik Slovakia

Yastika Guru India

Freja Værnskjold Dzougov Denmark

Álvaro Lopes Portugal

Martina Fridl Slovenia

Yoshiyuki Ishikawa Japan

Sagnik Anupam India

Mihail Larkov Russia

Daantje de Leur Netherlands

Luis Anngel Meza-Chavarría Costa Rica

Tobias Heidenreich Germany

Monique Murer Brazil

Terachet Rojrachsombat Thailand

Stefan Capmare Romania

Zhengyu Ging China

Tzu Kit Chan Malaysia

Maria Sara Fraser Serbia

Iulia Natalia Mitrache Romania

Paulina Kaczyńska Poland

Gaeun Kim South Korea

Javier Sanz González Spain

Martin Topić Serbia

Paul Johannes Kalda Estonia

Meggy Michaud France

Thomas Valerio Italy

Valerija Baždar Montenegro

Literature[edit]

  • Juha Savolainen, Pekka Elo, Satu Honkala, Rebecca Cingi (Hrsg.) (2010), IPO Helsinki Finland 2009, Publications of The Finnish National Commission for UNESCO no 85, 2010.
  • Moris Polanco (2015), Cómo escribir un ensayo de filosofía: Con especial referencia a la Olimpiada Internacional de Filosofía. Create Space. Independent Publishing Platform.
  • Ivan Kolev (2016), International Philosophy Olympiad. In: Peters M. (eds) Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory. Springer, Singapore, 1158-1164.
  • Frank Murphy (2017), "International Philosophy Olympiad: A Writing Challenge for Young Philosophers. With an Appendix: How To Write a Philosophy Essay. A Guide for IPO Contestants", Journal of Didactics of Philosophy, Vol. 1, 2017, 49-66.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Moufida Goucha, Philosophie. Une école de la liberté, Paris: UNESCO, 2007, p. 89.
  2. ^ Ivan Kolev (2016), International Philosophy Olympiad. In: Peters M. (eds) Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory. Springer, Singapore, p. 1159.
  3. ^ https://www.fisp.org/olympiad
  4. ^ UNESCO, “Conclusions of the International Study Days: Philosophy and Democracy in the World”, 15-16 February 1995.
  5. ^ https://www.fisp.org/olympiad
  6. ^ https://www.fisp.org/olympiad
  7. ^ https://www.philosophy-olympiad.org/?page_id=2
  8. ^ https://www.fisp.org/olympiad
  9. ^ https://philosophy.olympiad.ch/en/
  10. ^ (hruska.tm@gmail.com), Tomáš Hruška. "Katedra filozofie".
  11. ^ "Projekt - Nebojme se myslet".
  12. ^ "International Philosophy Olympiad » History".
  13. ^ "International Philosophy Olympiad Athens 2010".
  14. ^ "International Philosophy Olympiad Vienna 2011 – News".
  15. ^ "Results – IPO2012".
  16. ^ "Microsoft Word Online – Work together on Word documents".
  17. ^ "IPO 2014 Vilnius – Austrian Site".
  18. ^ "Winners of the 23rd International Philosophy Olympiad 2015".
  19. ^ "Results – International Philosophy Olympiad 2016".

External links[edit]