International Seismological Centre
|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (July 2014)|
The International Seismological Centre (ISC) is a non-governmental, nonprofit organization charged with the final collection, analysis and publication of standard earthquake information from all over the world.
- 1 History
- 2 Purpose
- 3 ISC-GEM earthquake catalogue
- 4 References
- 5 External links
List of Directors
Publisher of the "Shide Circular Reports on Earthquakes"
- 1900–1912 J. Milne
Publisher of "Reports on Large Earthquakes"
- 1912–1917 H.H. Turner
Director of the International Seismological Summary
- 1918–1931 H.H. Turner
- 1931–1939 H. Plaskett
- 1939–1952 Sir Harold Jeffreys
- 1952–1960 R. Stoneley
- 1960–1963 P.L. Willmore
Director of International Seismological Centre
- 1964–1970 P.L. Willmore
- 1970–1977 E.P. Arnold
- 1977–1997 A.A. Hughes
- 1998–2003 R.J. Willeman
- 2004–2007 A. Shapira
- 2008–present D.A. Storchak
The main scientific goal of the Centre is the definitive compilation of earthquake information and the readings on which they are based. Collection of reports of earthquake effects is also an important part of its operation and the Centre recomputes the location and occurrence time of earthquakes worldwide, making use of all available information.
Since 1957 the manipulation of the large volume of data has been mainly carried out by computer. Up until then ISS locations were determined manually with the help of a large globe. The ISC now uses a network of workstations accessing a relational database of nearly 50 Gbytes of online data.
The analysis of the earthquake data is undertaken in monthly batches and begins after at least 18 months to allow the information used to be as complete as possible. Although much of the work would be impossible without the Centre's large suite of computer programs, the final editing of events large enough to be detected by several independently operated networks is always carried out by seismologists who scrutinize the output for unlikely events and chance misassociation of readings.
During analysis the computer program first groups origin estimates from different agencies and then associates the individual station readings with the most likely event. In a typical month more than 200,000 station readings are analysed leading to an average of 10,000 events per month being identified, of which some 4,000 require manual review. Misassociations and other discrepancies are rectified and the remaining unassociated readings are searched for new events and previously unreported earthquakes are added to the database. The total number of events listed each month is several times greater than those obtained by any other worldwide location service and results from ISC's goal to provide a fully comprehensive list.
ISC-GEM earthquake catalogue
This global instrumental earthquake catalogue, covering events for the period 1900–2009, was released in 2013 by the International Seismological Centre. The catalogue was prepared at the request of the GEM Foundation. Epicentral locations and hypocentral depths were recalculated from original travel time data using a consistent velocity model. Magnitudes are expressed as moment magnitude scale (Mw), taken either from reliable published values of seismic moment or from recalculated values of surface wave or body wave magnitude, converted to Mw using empirical relationships.
- "Overview of the ISC-GEM Catalogue". Retrieved 30 November 2014.
- Di Giacomo, D.; Storchak, D. A.; Safronova, N.; Ozgo, P.; Harris, J.; Verney, R.; Bondár, I. (2014), "A New ISC Service: The Bibliography of Seismic Events", Seismological Research Letters (Seismological Society of America) 85 (2): 354–360, doi:10.1785/0220130143
- McGregor, D. M.; Hughes, A. A.; Adams, R. D. (1988), "Recent activities at the International Seismological Centre", History of Seismograms & Earthquakes of the World (PDF), Academic Press, pp. 107–111, ISBN 978-0124408708
- Storchak, D. A.; Di Giacomo, D.; Bondár, I.; Engdahl, E. R.; Harris, J.; Lee, W. H. K.; Villaseñor, A.; Bormann, P. (2013), "Public Release of the ISC-GEM Global Instrumental Earthquake Catalogue (1900-2009)", Seismological Research Letters (Seismological Society of America) 84 (5): 810–815, doi:10.1785/0220130034