International Sports Federation for Persons with Intellectual Disability

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INAS
International Sports Federation for Persons with Intellectual Disability logo.jpg
Founded 1986
Focus Sport, Disability
Location
  • UK
Area served
Worldwide
Members
c. 10000
Key people

President — Amaury Russo (Brazil)

Executive Director — Nick Parr (UK)
Slogan For Para-Athletes with an Intellectual Disability
Website inas.org
Formerly called
INAS-FID, INAS-FMH
Member of International Paralympic Committee

INAS (International Sports Federation for Persons with Intellectual Disability; originally called INAS-FMH and later INAS-FID) was established in 1986 by professionals in the Netherlands who were involved in sport and wanted to promote the participation of athletes with mental handicap in elite sport. In other hand, the International Federation for Intellectual Impairment Sport that Promoting sport worldwide for athletes with an Intellectual Disability, Autism and Down's Syndrome.[1]

History[edit]

The founding meeting of the first Executive Committee took place in January 1986 and the organisation became a member of the ICC – the International Coordinating Committee – the organisation that later became the International Paralympic Committee.

Inas’ original membership was just 14 nations which has steadily grown into nearly 60 nations today.

In 1989, the 1st World Games for Athletes with an Intellectual Disability were held in Harnosand, Sweden and in 1992, immediately after the Barcelona Paralympic Games, the first Paralympic Games for ‘Persons with mental handicap’ were held in Madrid.[2]

In 1994, INAS-FMH became INAS-FID – the ‘International Sports Federation for Persons with Intellectual Disability’ and in 1996, for the first time, a small programme of events for athletes with an intellectual disability were included in the Paralympic Games in Atlanta.

A larger programme including Athletics, Swimming and Basketball was included in the Sydney Paralympic Games in 2000, but it soon emerged that a small number of athletes had cheated the system of determining eligibility, resulting in the suspension of events — a suspension that was to remain in place until 2009.

Despite exclusion from the Paralympic Games, the Inas sport programme continued to grow considerably to incorporate more than 10 sports whilst its membership grew to cover all 5 continents.

Inas provides competition opportunities for elite athletes with an intellectual disability within the Paralympic programme, and is different from Special Olympics, which provides non-elite opportunities worldwide.

Eligibility and classification[edit]

Athletes with an intellectual disability are characterised by an IQ of 75 or below, significant limitations in Adaptive Behaviour and the disability must be present before the age of 18. This is based on the American Association for Intellectual and Developmental Disability definition of Intellectual Disability.

Approximately 1.5% of the population are thought to have an intellectual disability.

Current activities[edit]

Today’s sport programme includes some 15 annual events, more than 2500 athletes are registered to compete at an international level, whilst many thousands of people with an intellectual disability have the opportunity to enjoy sport through the work of our member organisations.

Following a partnership between Inas and the International Paralympic Committee to overhaul the process of determining athlete eligibility, events for athletes with an intellectual disability were re-instated to the Paralympic programme by the IPC General Assembly in November 2009, in preparation for the London 2012 Paralympic Games.

In 2010, the organisation was re-branded as ‘INAS' - the International Federation for para-athletes with an intellectual disability.

Events[edit]

INAS World Championships[edit]

Number Event First Edition Last Edition
Main Sports
1 INAS World Athletics Championship (Outdoor, Indoor) 1989, 2001 10th (2017), 9th (2016)
2 INAS World Cross Country Championship 2002 7th (2014)
3 INAS World Half Marathon Championship 2006 7th (2016)
4 INAS World Swimming Championship 1989 6th (2017)
5 INAS World Cycling Championship 1999 9th (2017)
6 INAS World Rowing Championship (Outdoor, Indoor) 2014, 2009 2nd (2015), 4th (2015)
Combat Sports
7 INAS World Judo Championship 2017 1st (2017)
Team Sports
8 INAS World Basketball Championship 1994 10th (2017)
9 INAS World Cricket Championship 2011 2nd (2015)
10 INAS World Football Championship 1994 7th (2018)
11 INAS World Futsal Championships 2012 2nd (2017)
12 INAS World Handball Championship no yet no yet
13 INAS World Hockey Championship (Field Hockey) no yet no yet
Winter Sports
14 INAS World Ski Championship (Alpine, Nordic) 2009 9th (2017)
Other Sports
15 INAS World Equestrian Championship 2017 1st (2017)
16 INAS World Table Tennis Championship 1995 7th (2017)
17 INAS World Tennis Championship 2004 5th (2016)

Note : INAS haven't separate INAS World Taekwondo Championship but ID taekwondoka compete in WTF World Para Taekwondo Championships.

INAS Global Games[edit]

In 2004 Inas launched a new multi-sport competition INAS Global Games. The first event took place in Bollnas, Sweden and featured more than 1000 athletes. The second Global Games took place in Czech Republic in 2009. With the re-inclusion of athletes with an intellectual disability into Paralympic competition, it was decided to move the Global games to the year preceding the Paralympics. The next Global Games therefore takes place in 2011. After a bidding procedure, Italy was chosen as host nation. 2015 Global Games will take place in Guayaquil, Ecuador, in September. The 2019 Inas Global Games will take place in Brisbane, Queensland Australia.[5]

No. Year Dates City and host country Champion Sports Events Countries
1 2004 July Sweden Bollnas, Sweden  Poland 6 40
2 2009 7 - 11 June Czech Republic Liberec, Czech Republic  Australia 9 34
3 2011 26 September - 4 October Italy Loano, Italy  Australia 9 30
4 2015 20 - 27 September Ecuador Quito, Ecuador  Australia 8 35
5 2019 Australia Brisbane, Australia

Results : http://www.inas.org/events/results

INAS European Games[edit]

No. Year Dates City and host country Champion Sports Events Countries
1 2018 14 - 22 July France Paris, France 7 + 2 TBD

Results : http://www.inas.org/event/2018-inas-european-games?instance_id=76

Regional Championships[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.inas.org/about-us
  2. ^ DePauw, Karen P; Rich, Sarah (Winter 1993). "1992 Ad". Palaestra. Archived from the original on 2012-07-18. Retrieved 11 February 2012. 
  3. ^ http://www.inas.org/events
  4. ^ http://www.inas.org/events/inas-global-games
  5. ^ http://www.inasglobalgames.org

External links[edit]