International Symposium on Alcohol Fuels
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The International Symposium on Alcohol Fuels (ISAF) is a non-profit international organization which gathers together specialists, technologists, executives and technical experts from alcohol, alcohol fuels, methanol, ethers and bio-fuel industries. ISAF came into being in 1976. The 2011 meeting (ISAF-XIX) will be held in Verona, Italy.[needs update]
ISAF brings together technologists, technical experts, technology providers and executives in fields pertaining to the alcohol fuel industry, who share their ideas and consider solutions to the challenges ahead. ISAF discusses substitute energy sources like alcohol fuels and other alternative fuels like methanol, ethers, etc. ISAF furthers the cause of research, development and utilization of alcohol fuels to accelerate the exploitation of clean alternate fuels for vehicles and to reduce environmental pollution both from industrial and motor sources.
ISAF symposia have been held in all the continents:
- Africa: South Africa
- Americas: Canada, Brazil, United States of America
- Asia: China, Japan, Thailand, India
- Europe: Germany, France, Italy, Sweden
- Oceania: New Zealand
The theme of ISAF XVIII 2010 was "Innovation for local and global sustainability of alcohol fuels." Delegates discussed methodologies and technologies for production of alcohol fuels, and control of environmental pollution.
- See, e.g., Osamu Kitani, Carl W. Hall, Biomass handbook, p. 270 (Taylor & Francis US, 1989) ISBN 978-2-88124-269-4, found at Google Books; National Research Council (U.S.). Advisory Committee on Technology Innovation, Alcohol fuels: options for developing countries : report of an ad hoc panel of the Advisory Committee on Technology Innovation, Board on Science and Technology for International Development, Office of International Affairs, National Research Council (cited 13 times on various pages) (National Academy Press, U.S. 1983) ISBN 978-0-309-03386-2, found at Google Books; Daniel Sperling, New Transportation Fuels: A Strategic Approach to Technological Change, (cited 8 times on various pages) (University of California Press, 1990) ISBN 978-0-520-06977-0, found at Google Books. All accessed September 22, 2010.