International Tea Co. Stores
The business was founded in 1878 by Hudson Kearly (later Viscount Devonport) and Gilbert Augustus Tonge as the International Tea Co., with the objective of selling tea direct to consumers rather than through wholesalers.
Their main blenders were Ridgways.
International Tea Co. Stores fell out of the FT 30 index in 1947 to reflect market developments since the index was originally compiled in 1935.
Demise of the business
The company was subsequently re-branded International Stores and was acquired by BAT Industries in 1972. In 1973, the Price Rite chain was purchased, adding stores to the International brand. This was further increased by the purchase of Wallis Supermarkets in 1977, which added a further 100 stores. After acquiring the large footprint Mac Food Centres from Unilever's closure of Mac Fisheries, in 1979, the chain created a new brand, Mainstop, to develop the new superstore division in 1980. However, BAT decided to sell any business that failed to progress and so the company was sold off in chunks. Former Price Rite stores in the south of England were sold off in 1980 to Fine Fare, with the remaining 67 branches sold to Argyll Foods in 1982. 15 of the Mainstop stores were sold to various chains, with the remaining eight being integrated into International Stores.
- "Unofficial history of International Tea Co. Stores". Ray King.
- "Competition Commission report (1950s)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 June 2007.
- "FT 30 - the UK's oldest surviving stock market index". FT.com. Archived from the original on 1 March 2007.
- "Competition Commission report (1985)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 May 2011.
- "BAT Industries - useful dates" (PDF). Industry Documents Library, University of California. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
- "History of Mac Fisheries". Mac Fisheries.
- Geoffrey Owen (2003). "Corporate Strategy in UK Food Retailing, 1980–2002" (PDF). London School of Economics. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 February 2008.
- "History of Somerfield" (PDF). Somerfield plc. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 September 2008.