International Translation Day
International Translation Day is an international day recognising translation professionals. It is on 30 September, which is the day of the feast of St. Jerome, the Bible translator who is considered the patron saint of translators.
United Nations resolution
On 24 May 2017, the United Nations General Assembly passed resolution 71/288 declaring September 30 International Translation Day, recognising the role of professional translation in connecting nations. The draft resolution A/71/L.68 was signed by eleven countries: Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, Paraguay, Qatar, Turkey, Turkmenistan, and Vietnam. In addition to the International Federation of Translators, the adoption of the resolution was advocated for by several other organisations, including International Association of Conference Interpreters, Critical Link International, International Association of Professional Translators and Interpreters, Red T, World Association of Sign Language Interpreters.
The United Nations puts on an annual St. Jerome Translation Contest for translations in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish, and German.
International Federation of Translators
The celebrations have been promoted by International Federation of Translators (FIT) since its establishment in 1953. In 1991 FIT launched the idea of an officially recognized International Translation Day to show solidarity with the worldwide translation community in an effort to promote translation as a profession that has become increasingly essential in the era of globalization.
American Translators Association
Since 2018 the American Translators Association has celebrated International Translation Day by publishing a series of social media posts intended to spread information and educate the public about the role of professional translators and interpreters. The ATA celebrated ITD 2018 by releasing a set of six infographics that depict information about the professions. In 2019, ATA released a video depicting "A Day in the Life of a Translator or Interpreter".
Each year, IFT chooses a theme for ITD:
- 2014−Language Rights: Essential to All Human Rights
- 2015−The Changing Face of Translating and Interpreting
- 2016−Translation and Interpreting: Connecting Worlds
- 2017−Translation and Diversity
- 2018−Translation: promoting cultural heritage in changing times
- 2019−Translation and Indigenous Languages during International Year of Indigenous Languages
- 2020−Finding the words for a world in crisis
- 2021−United in translation
- Nations, United. "International Translation Day". United Nations. Retrieved 2021-07-21.
- Hannes Ben, "International Translation Day: Everything You Need to Know", Locaria, 30 August 2019
- General Assembly A/RES/71/288. Also edited in French, Spanish, Russian
- Azerbaijan; Bangladesh; Belarus; Rica, Costa; Cuba; Ecuador; Paraguay; Qatar; Turkey; Turkmenistan; Nam, Viet (2017-05-10). "The role of professional translation in connecting nations and fostering peace, understanding and development". Cite journal requires
- "UN Set to Pass Draft Resolution Declaring September 30 As Translation Day". Slator.com. 22 May 2017.
- "International Translation Day 2018". atanet.org. 28 September 2018.
- "International Translation Day 2019". atanet.org. 30 September 2019.
- "International Translation Day – FIT". Retrieved 2021-07-21.
- "A/RES/71/178 - E - A/RES/71/178 -Desktop". undocs.org. Retrieved 2021-07-21.
- CEATL, European Council of Literary Translators' Associations. They promote the celebration throughout Europe.