International Triathlon Union
|Chief Exec||Antonio Arimany|
The International Triathlon Union (ITU) is the international governing body for the multi-sport disciplines of triathlon, duathlon, aquathlon and other nonstandard variations. Headquartered in Lausanne, Switzerland, it sanctions the ITU World Triathlon Series and the ITU Triathlon World Cup.
The ITU sanctions the official world championship series races for the sport of triathlon. The ITU was formed in 1989 at its first congress in Avignon, France. It was formed in part to give the growing sport of triathlon an official organizing body and to advocate for Triathlon's inclusion in the Olympic Games. On September 4, 1994, at the 103rd IOC session in Paris, France - under the leadership of Les McDonald, the ITU's first president - Triathlon was added to the Olympic program as a fully vested medal event. Triathlon made its Olympic debut at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, Australia.
The primary ITU race series is the short-course or standard distance World Triathlon Series and Triathlon World Cup. The distances for the ITU world cup races are 1500 m swim, 40 km bike, and 10 km run. They were chosen from existing swim, bike, and run distances already in the Olympic Games. This distance of triathlon has become one of the primary standards in the world of triathlon.
More recently, the ITU created a long distance race circuit with official world championships. Long Distance Triathlon races are closer in length to Ironman Triathlon races owned and organized by the World Triathlon Corporation.
The ITU is structured into 5 continental regions, through which the national federations (the governing body of triathlon in each country) are affiliated to the ITU. Each of the continental regions offers a Continental Championship and Continental Cup Series.
- Africa: African Triathlon Union (ATU) – 37 national federations
- Americas: Pan American Triathlon Confederation (PATCO) – 40 national federations
- Asia: Asian Triathlon Confederation (ASTC) – 35 national federations
- Europe: European Triathlon Union (ETU) – 47 national federations
- Oceania: Oceania Triathlon Union (OTU) – 13 national federations
The world championship events organised by the ITU include:
- ITU World Triathlon Series
- ITU Triathlon Mixed Relay World Championships
- ITU Long Distance Triathlon World Championships
- ITU Triathlon World Cup Series
- ITU Aquathlon World Championships
- ITU Duathlon World Championships
- ITU Winter Triathlon World Championships
- ITU Cross Triathlon World Championships
- "Federation Affiliation Criteria". International Triathlon Union. Retrieved 6 October 2010.
- "The History of Triathlon" (PDF). webcache.googleusercontent.com. Retrieved 2017-09-10.
- "The Argus-Press - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved 2017-09-10.
- "Official Site of African Triathlon Union". International Triathlon Union. Retrieved 10 August 2018.
- "Official Site of Pan American Triathlon Confederation". International Triathlon Union. Retrieved 10 August 2018.
- "Official Site of Asian Triathlon Confederation". International Triathlon Union. Retrieved 10 August 2018.
- "Official Site of European Triathlon Union". International Triathlon Union. Retrieved 10 August 2018.
- "Official Site of Oceania Triathlon Union". International Triathlon Union. Retrieved 10 August 2018.