International Year for the Culture of Peace
Since 1959 the United Nations has designated specific years to emphasize issues which are part of the mission of the organization. The International Year for the Culture of Peace was proclaimed in a United Nations General Assembly resolution in 1997 on the basis of an Economic and Social Council resolution. The General Assembly invited a Declaration and Programme of Action from UNESCO and adopted it after ten months of difficult negotiation.
The IYCP Taskforce
The lead organization for the International Year was UNESCO. There was a logic to this, in that UNESCO is the United Nations organization dealing with education, and also in that the constitutional mandate of UNESCO involves the encouragement of a global culture of peace. Within the UNESCO Secretariat in Paris, a specific International Year for the Culture of Peace Taskforce was established from 1998 to 2000, with the aim of co-ordinating the activities to publicize the International Year. Members of the Taskforce included: David Adams (Chair), Enzo Fazzino, Katherine Stoessel, Di Bretherton, Zeynep Varoglu and Jan Visser.
International Year Strategies and Results
The strategies behind the International Year centred upon involving civil society as much as possible. The specific initiatives included the collection of some 75 million signatures worldwide in support of a culture of peace, with the Manifesto 2000 Project. Another initiative was the Culture of Peace News Network, otherwise known as the CPNN, a web-based news service reporting news in support of a culture of peace.
An extensive description of the results obtained during the International Year was published by UNESCO.
Assessment of the International Year
Opinion is divided as to how effective the International Year was. It is possible to argue that there was much rhetoric in the International Year, and yet often the impact of such events can only be discerned many years later.
Ongoing Commitment of the United Nations
The work of supporting and encouraging a culture of peace continues through the International Decade for the Promotion of a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World, and the ongoing Culture of Peace News Network.
- United Nations General Assembly Session 52 Resolution A/RES/52/15 20 November 1997. Retrieved 2007-08-10.
- United Nations General Assembly Session 53 Resolution A/RES/53/243 13 September 1999. Retrieved 2007-08-10.
- http://www.culture-of-peace.info/adams.html, accessed 24 October 2009
- http://www.culture-of-peace.info/history/page32.html, accessed 24 October 2009
- "World Information Board". Website for Culture of Peace Decade. Retrieved 2018-09-18.
- http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0012/001223/122350e.pdf REPORT ON THE PROGRESS MADE BY UNESCO IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROGRAMME OF ACTION ON A CULTURE OF PEACE
- "Page, James S. (2001) 'The International Year for the Culture of Peace: Was It Worthwhile?'. International Journal of Cultural Studies. 4(3): 348-351".