An international university is funded by the governments of many countries and thereby is controlled by the officials from the government of different countries. These universities are often formed by the regional and international organizations. The distinction between intergovernmental and international university is similar to the one between intergovernmental organization and international organization. International is a rather open-ended term, while intergovernmental specifically refers to the fact that the participating parties or members are sovereign states and intergovernmental organizations. As a result, only intergovernmental universities are subjects of international law.
Public international institutions
The designation “international university” (category regional/international in the ‘List of Universities of the World’) is applied by the International Association of Universities to 5 institutions:
- EUCLIDE (Pôle Universitaire EUCLIDE) - EUCLID (Euclid University)
- European University Institute
- South Asian University
- IMO International Maritime Law Institute (IMLI)
- United Nations University
- World Maritime University
Other international intergovernmental universities
About 10 other public institutions established under international law have been identified as established under international law, for example the University for Peace (Costa Rica), Ecole Supérieure Multinationale des Télécommunications (Senegal), and the Eastern and Southern African Management Institute. They are listed by the IAU under the country where they have their main campus.
Private international universities
Private international universities are institutions that have the expression international university in their name, or international location, of some other reason to be categorized as international in nature. Examples of institutions using the actual name International University are:
- http://aacsbblogs.typepad.com/dataandresearch/2011/05/regional-universities-models-for-developing-regions.html Regional Universities: Models for Developing Regions
- http://www.euclid.int/documents/internationaluniversities.pdf Understanding The Legal Status and Degree-Granting Authority of “Regional / International Universities”