International wheat production statistics

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A map of worldwide wheat production.

The following international wheat production statistics come from the Food and Agriculture Organization figures from FAOSTAT database, older from International Grains Council figures from the report "Grain Market Report".

The quantities of wheat in the following table are in million metric tonnes. All countries with a typical production quantity of at least 2 million metric tonnes are listed below.

Country 2018[1] 2017[1] 2016[1] 2015[2] 2014[3] 2013[4] 2012[5] 2011[5] 2010[5] 2009[5] 2008[5] 2007[5] 2006[5] 2005 [6] 2004[6] 2003[6] 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996
 China 131.4 134.3 131.7 130.2 126.2 121.7 125.6 117.4 115.2 115.1 112.5 109.9 104.5 96.3 91.6 86.5 90.3 93.9 99.7 113.9 109.7 123.3 110.6
 India 99.7 98.5 93.5 86.5 94.5 93.5 94.9 86.9 80.7 80.7 78.6 74.9 69.4 72.0 72.1 65.1 72.8 69.7 76.4 70.8 65.9 69.4 62.6
 Russia 72.1 85.9 73.3 61.8 59.7 52.1 37.7 56.2 41.5 61.7 63.7 49.4 45.0 47.6 45.4 34.1 50.6 47.0 34.5 31.0 27.0 44.3 34.9
 United States 51.3 47.3 62.9 55.8 55.4 60.0 61.8 54.4 60.1 60.3 68.0 53.6 57.3 57.1 58.7 63.8 44.1 53.3 60.8 62.7 69.4 67.5 62.0
 France 35.8 36.9 29.5 42.8 39.0 38.6 40.3 38.0 38.2 38.3 39.0 33.2 35.4 36.9 39.7 30.5 38.9 31.5 37.5 37.2 39.8 33.9 35.9
 Canada 31.8 30.0 30.5 27.6 29.3 37.5 27.0 25.3 23.2 26.8 28.6 20.6 27.3 25.6 25.9 23.6 16.2 20.6 26.8 26.9 24.1 24.3 29.8
 Pakistan 25.1 26.7 26.0 25.1 26.0 24.2 23.5 25.2 23.3 24.0 21.0 23.5 21.3 21.6 19.5 19.2 18.2 19.0 21.1 17.9 18.7 16.7 16.9
 Ukraine 24.7 26.2 26.1 26.5 24.1 22.8 15.8 22.3 16.9 20.9 25.9 13.8 14.0 18.7 17.5 6.9 20.6 21.4 10.2 13.6 14.9 18.4 13.5
 Australia 20.9 31.8 22.3 23.7 25.3 22.9 29.9 27.4 22.1 21.7 21.4 13.0 10.8 25.1 21.9 26.1 10.1 24.3 18.5 24.1 22.1 19.4 23.7
 Germany 20.3 24.5 24.5 26.5 27.8 25.0 22.4 22.8 24.1 25.2 26.0 21.4 22.4 23.6 25.4 19.3 20.8 22.8 21.6 19.6 20.2 19.8 18.9
 Turkey 20.0 21.5 20.6 22.6 19.0 22.1 20.1 21.8 19.7 20.6 17.8 17.7 20.0 21.0 21.0 19.0 19.5 19.0 17.5 16.5 18.5 16.2 16.2
 Argentina 18.5 18.4 18.6 11.6 13.9 8.0 11.0 16.4 14.9 8.9 8.5 16.5 14.0 16.0 14.6 14.5 12.3 15.4 16.5 15.7 11.5 14.8 15.9
 Iran 14.5 14.0[7] 11.1[7] 11.5 13.5[8] 14.0[7] 13.8[7] 13.5[7] 15.0 13.5 8.0 15.9 14.5 14.5 14.0 13.4 12.5 9.5 7.0 8.0 11.0 10.2 8.8
 Kazakhstan 13.9 14.8 15.0 13.7 13.0 13.9 13.3 22.7 9.6 17.1 12.6 16.5 13.5 11.1 9.9 11.5 12.7 12.7 9.1 11.2 4.8 8.7 8.0
 United Kingdom 13.6 14.8 14.4 16.4 16.6 11.9 13.3 15.3 14.9 14.4 17.2 13.4 14.7 15.0 15.5 14.3 16.0 11.6 16.8 14.9 15.5 15.1 16.1
 Romania 10.1 10.0 8.4 8.0 7.6 7.3 5.3 7.1 5.8 5.2 7.2 2.9 5.5 7.0 7.8 2.5 4.4 7.8 4.4 4.4 5.0 6.6 3.1
 Poland 9.8 11.7 10.8 11.0 11.6 9.5 8.6[7] 9.3 9.5 9.8 9.3 8.4 7.1 8.6 9.9 7.9 9.3 9.3 8.5 9.1 9.5 8.2 8.6
 Egypt 8.8 8.6[9] 9.0[7] 9.6[7] 9.3 9.5 8.8[7] 8.4 7.2 8.5 8.0 7.4 8.3 8.1 7.2 6.8 6.6 6.3 6.6 6.3 6.0 5.8 5.7
 Spain 8.0 4.8 6.4 6.4 6.5 7.6 4.7 6.9 5.6 4.7 6.7 6.4 5.6 3.8 7.1 6.3 6.8 5.0 7.3 4.9 5.3 4.6 6.0
 Morocco 7.3 7.1 2.7 8.1 5.1 6.9 3.9 6.0 4.9 6.4 3.8 1.6 6.3 3.0 5.5 5.7 3.4 3.3 1.4 2.2 4.4 2.3 5.9
 Italy 6.9 7.0 8.0 7.4 7.1 7.0 7.4[7] 6.6 6.8 6.3 8.9 7.3 7.1 7.5 8.6 6.2 7.6 6.5 6.9 7.3 8.1 6.8 8.3
 Bulgaria 5.8 6.1 5.7 5.0 5.3 5.1 4.3[7] 4.5 4.0 4.0 4.6 2.4 3.3 3.5 4.0 2.0 4.1 4.1 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.6 1.8
 Brazil 5.4 4.3 6.8 5.5 6.3 5.7 4.4 5.7 6.0 5.1 6.0 4.1 2.5 5.2 5.7 6.2 3.1 3.4 1.7 2.5 2.3 2.5 3.3
 Uzbekistan 5.4 6.1 6.9 7.0 7.0 6.8 6.5 6.5 6.7 6.6 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.1 5.4 5.4 5.0 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.0 2.7
 Hungary 5.2 5.2 4.8 5.3 5.3 5.1 3.8 4.1 3.8 4.4 5.6 4.0 4.4 5.0 6.0 2.9 3.9 5.2 3.7 2.6 4.9 5.3 3.9
 Czechia 4.4 4.7 5.5 5.3 5.4 4.7 3.5 4.9 4.2 4.4 4.6 4.0 3.5 4.5 5.0 2.6 3.9 4.5 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.7
 Ethiopia 4.2 4.8 4.5 4.7 4.2 4.0 2.9 2.9 3.1 2.5 2.5 2.2 2.8 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.6 2.5 2.1 1.5 2.0 1.6
 Algeria 4.0 2.4 2.4 2.7 2.4 3.2[7] 3.4 2.6 2.6 3.0 1.1 2.3 2.7 2.4 2.7 3.0 1.5 2.0 0.8 1.5 2.3 0.7 3.0
 Afghanistan 3.6 4.3 4.6 4.7 5.4 5.2 5.1 3.4 4.5 5.1 2.6 4.5 3.4 4.3 2.3 3.5 2.7 1.6 1.5 2.5 2.8 2.7 2.3
 Iraq 3.2 3.0 3.1 2.6 3.8[7] 3.3[7] 2.4 2.8 2.8 1.7 1.3 2.2 2.1 2.2 1.8 2.3 2.6 0.9 0.4 0.8 1.1 1.1 1.3
 Mexico 2.9 3.5 3.9 3.7 3.7 3.4 2.3 3.6 3.7 4.1 4.0 3.5 3.3 3.0 2.9 2.8 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.2 3.6 3.4
 Serbia 2.9 2.3 2.9 2.4 2.4 2.7 1.9 2.1 1.6 2.1 2.1 2.1 1.9 2.7 2.8 1.4 2.3 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.9 3.1 1.5
 Lithuania 2.8 3.9 3.8 4.4 3.2 2.9 3.0 1.9 1.7 2.1 1.7 1.4 0.8 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2 0.9 1.0 1.1 0.9
 Denmark 2.7 4.8 4.2 5.0 4.9 4.1 4.5 4.8 5.1 5.9 5.0 4.5 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.1 4.7 4.7 4.5 5.0 5.0 4.8
 Belarus 1.8 2.6 2.3 2.9 2.9 2.1 2.6 2.2 1.7 2.0 2.0 1.4 1.1 1.2 1.1 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6
 Sweden 1.6 3.3 2.8 3.3 3.1 1.9 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.4 2.4 1.7 2.2 2.1 2.0
 Latvia 1.4 2.1 2.1 2.3 1.5 1.4 1.5 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
 Syria 1.2 2.2[7] 2.9[7] 2.4 2.0 3.1[7] 3.7[7] 3.9 3.1 3.7 2.1 4.0 4.7 4.7 4.5 4.9 4.8 4.7 2.7 2.6 4.1 3.0 4.1
World total 734.0 771.7 749.5 737.0 733.5 711.0 672.7 697.7 640.3 684.2 681.0 606.7 614.5 626.9 634.9 550.1 592.0 588.2 585.0 584.8 596.2 614.7 578.6

After peaking over 4 million tons of production in the early 1990s,[10] Saudi Arabia tapered off wheat production in the 2010s due to concerns over water usage[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Crops". FAOSTAT. Retrieved 2018-08-12. Countries - Select All; Regions - World + (Total); Elements - Production Quantity; Items - Wheat; Years - 2016
  2. ^ "Crops". FAOSTAT. Retrieved 2018-08-12. Countries - Select All; Regions - World + (Total); Elements - Production Quantity; Items - Wheat; Years - 2015
  3. ^ "FAOSTAT". faostat3.fao.org. Retrieved 2016-01-13.
  4. ^ FAOSTAT
  5. ^ a b c d e f g FAOSTAT Archived 2013-01-14 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ a b c UN FAO Statistic
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r unofficial figure
  8. ^ FAOSTAT
  9. ^ "الإحصاء: 8.6 مليون طن إنتاج مصر من القمح خلال 2017-2018". www.mubasher.info (in Arabic). Retrieved 2020-08-14.
  10. ^ https://www.researchgate.net/publication/327944101_Functions_of_Wheat_Supply_and_Demand_in_Saudi_Arabia
  11. ^ https://www.world-grain.com/articles/6275-saudi-arabia-ends-domestic-wheat-production-program