Internet censorship in New Zealand
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Internet censorship in New Zealand refers to filtering website traffic to prevent Internet users in New Zealand from accessing certain selected sites and material, specifically material that deals with the sexual abuse or exploitation of children and young persons. The Department of Internal Affairs runs the filtering system. It is voluntary for Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to join.
The Department of Internal Affairs maintains a secret list of banned sites and their internet addresses on a NetClean WhiteBox server. The DIA then use the Border Gateway Protocol to tell the participating ISPs that the 'best' way to the internet address of the banned site's web server is through the DIA's filtering server. When a person tries to access a site (banned or not) on one of the filtered addresses, their ISP divert the request to the DIA's server. The DIA's filtering server then looks at the request. If it is to a banned site, the request is refused and a message is sent back to the person. The user has the option of getting counselling and/or anonymously appealing the ban if they wish to. If it is to a non-banned site, the DIA's filtering server passes the request on to the real server through the DIA's internet connection.
ISPs using the system
The largest ISPs in New Zealand, Spark New Zealand and Vodafone, possessing 75% of the domestic market, are both users of this scheme. Other ISPs in the scheme include Airnet, Kordia, Maxnet and Xtreme Networks.
In March 2009, the Minister for Communications and IT, Steven Joyce, stated that the government had been following Internet censorship in Australia, and had no plans to introduce something similar in New Zealand. He acknowledged that filtering can cause delays for all Internet users, and that those who are determined to get around any filter will find a way to do so.
In March 2010, the Department of Internal Affairs admitted that the filter is operational and was being used. Tech Liberty NZ objected to the launch of the filter, but DIA defended the system and noted that trials over the two years showed that the filter did not affect the speed or stability of the internet.
- Keall, Chris (20 March 2009). "Joyce: Internet filtering off the agenda in NZ". NBR. Retrieved 2009-07-12.
- Beagle, Thomas (10 May 2009). "The Response from Internal Affairs". Retrieved 2009-07-12.
- Freitas, Mauricio Freitas (11 July 2009). "Government plans to filter New Zealand Internet". Retrieved 2009-07-12.
- Hendery, Simon (16 July 2009). "Internet filter sparks outrage". Retrieved 2014-12-15.
- "NZ government now filtering internet". Tech Liberty NZ. 11 March 2010. Retrieved 12 March 2010.
- "New Zealand's internet filter goes live". Stuff. Retrieved 2018-09-20.
- Internet and website filter - Department of Internal Affairs
- Internet Filtering FAQ - Tech Liberty NZ
- The filtered notice page