Internet in Italy
The Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Italy is .it and is sponsored by Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche. The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.
Currently Internet access is available to businesses and home users in various forms, including dial-up, fiber, cable, DSL, and wireless.
According to netindex.com, the Italian average download and upload speeds are much under the global average (18.4Mbit/s Down/8.2Mbit/s Up at 23 May 2014) With an average speed of 8.5Mbit/s in download and 2.0Mbit/s in upload, the DSL in Italy is one of the less performant of the whole Eurozone (consideration based on the public data available at: http://www.netindex.com/download/2,3/Italy/ - 23 May 2014).
According to data released by the fibre-to-the-home (FTTH) Council Europe, Italy represents one of the largest FTTH markets in Europe, with more than 2.5 million homes passed by fibre at end-December 2010; at the same date the country reported around 348,000 fibre subscribers. The "Fibre for Italy" project (with the participation of providers Fastweb, Vodafone and Wind in a co-investment partnership) aims to reach 20 million people in Italy's 15 largest cities by 2015, and Telecom Italia plans to connect 138 cities by 2018. The government has also started the Italia Digitale project, which aims to provide at least 50% of Italians with high-speed internet access by 2020. The government aims to extend the fibre-optic network to rural areas.
Figures published by the National Institute of Statistics showed at end-2011 that 58,8% of Italian families had a personal computer (up slightly from 57,6% in 2010); 54,5% had access to the internet (up from 52,4%); and 45,8% had broadband access (up from 43,4%). Over one-fourth (26,3%, down slightly from 26,4% in 2010) of Italian internet users aged 14 and older made an online purchase during 2011.
An anti-terrorism law amended in 2005, after the terrorists attacks in Madrid and London, by then-Minister of the Interior Giuseppe Pisanu, restricts the opening of new Wi-Fi Hotspots, subjecting interested entities to first apply for permission to open at the Police Headquarters of jurisdiction and that Internet users should be subject to identification, by presenting an identity document. This has inhibited the opening of hotspots across Italy, with a number of hotspots 5 times lower than France and the conspicuous absence of Municipal wireless networks. Considering the above-mentioned law at too shrink, a proposed law should facilitate the opening and access of Wi-Fi Hotspots, although it is not clear how it should be possible. Only at the end of 2010, a bipartisan bill allowed for the repeal of article 7 of the Pisanu law. The abrogation was finally made by the Monti Cabinet, which has not entered the renewal extension in the decree of 2011, so that the provision is no longer in force since January 1, 2012.
Currently internet filtering in Italy is applied on web-sites which display child pornography and on some P2P web-sites (including the most famous The Pirate Bay). A pervasive filtering is applied to those gambling websites who don't have a local license to operate in Italy.
- Will Italy have the best FTTH network in Europe? FTTH Council Europe. Web. 02 Dec. 2012.
- (Italian) Cittadini e nuove tecnologie. Istituto nazionale di statistica. Web. 01 Dec. 2012.
- "Libero web senza fili" (in Italian). L'espresso. 2009-11-26. Retrieved 2009-11-27.
- "Conversione in legge, con modificazioni, del decreto-legge 27 luglio 2005, n. 144, recante misure urgenti per il contrasto del terrorismo internazionale" (in Italian). Italian Chamber of Deputies. 2005-08-01. Retrieved 2009-11-27.
- "Diffondiamo il Wi-Fi, proposta di legge bi-partisan" (in Italian). Tom's Hardware. 2009-11-26. Retrieved 2009-11-27.
- "WiFi, Cassinelli libera tutti?" (in Italian). Punto Informatico. 2009-11-26. Retrieved 2009-11-27.
- Decreto Pisanu, pronto il cestino? Punto Informatico 10/10/2010
- DECRETO-LEGGE 29 dicembre 2011, n. 216, in G.U. n. 302 del 29 dicembre 2011 - in vigore dal 29 dicembre 2011 - Proroga di termini previsti da disposizioni legislative.
- Zambardino, La repubblica, December 31, 2011
- "Italy enacts law to block child porn Web sites". Reuters. 2007-01-02. Retrieved 2011-02-23.
- . Retrieved 2011-02-23
- Italy profile, on OpenNet Initiative website.
- «Non è un paese per Internet. In cinque anni dieci leggi contro la Rete» (in Italian), article from the newspaper Il Fatto Quotidiano.
- Internet access and use in the EU27 in 2008, Eurostat news release.
- The Networked Readiness Index 2008–2009 rankings (from the The Global Information Technology Report 2008-2009), World Economic Forum.