Internet in Russian

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Russophones worldwide, who often use the Internet in Russian language

Internet in Russian (also Russian Internet (Russian: русский Интернет), known as Runet[1]) is a part of the Internet that uses the Russian language. Geographically, it reaches all continents, including Antarctica (Russian scientists on Bellingshausen Station[2]), but mostly it is based in Russia.

According to reports conducted by Yandex, Russian is the primary language of 91% of Russian websites (in Yandex's list). In the autumn of 2009, Runet contained about 15 million sites (estimated to be about 6.5% of the entire Internet).[3]

Domains with a high proportion of the Russian language include .su, .ru, .рф, .ua, .by, .kz.

Russian is used on 89.8% of .ru sites and on 88.7% of the former Soviet Union domain, .su. Russian is the most used language of websites of several countries that were part of the former Soviet Union: 79.0% in Ukraine, 86.9% in Belarus, 84.0% in Kazakhstan, 79.6% in Uzbekistan, 75.9% in Kyrgyzstan, and 81.8% in Tajikistan.[4]


The 59.7 million Russian-speaking Internet users, represent 3% of global Internet users. Russia is ranked 9th in the world[2] for number of users and 4th (with 4.8%) for number of Russian-language content.[5]

In September 2011, Russia surpassed Germany as the biggest Internet market in Europe, with 50.8 million users.[6]

In March 2013, it was announced that Russian is the second most used language on the web.[4]


Harvard University's Berkman Center conducts regular research of the Russian-language Web, identified by Cyrillic encoding.[7] In particular, there are papers named "Mapping Russian Twitter",[8] "Mapping RuNet Politics and Mobilization"[9] and "RuNet Echo".[10] There are Russian internet-reviewing newspapers called TheRunet, Runetologia and others.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Интернетско-русский разговорник
  2. ^ a b LiveJournal: Discover global communities of friends who share your unique passions and interests.
  3. ^ Контент Рунета.
  4. ^ a b Russian is now the second most used language on the web.
  5. ^ Usage Statistics of Content Languages for Websites, April 2012.
  6. ^ Russian internet biggest in Europe; will earnings follow? | beyondbrics. (14 November 2011).
  7. ^ "Impact of the Internet on Russian Politics, Media, and Society - Berkman Klein Center".
  8. ^ "Mapping Russian Twitter - Berkman Klein Center".
  9. ^ "Public Discourse in the Russian Blogosphere: Mapping RuNet Politics and Mobilization - Berkman Klein Center".
  10. ^ "Global Voices · Citizen media stories from RuNet Echo".

External links[edit]