Internet in Singapore

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In Singapore, there are 11,512,900 broadband Internet subscribers (as of February 2015).[1] There are three major Internet service providers in Singapore, namely, Singtel, StarHub, and M1 and other growing providers like MyRepublic and ViewQwest. Over the years, the Singapore Government has been promoting the usage of broadband Internet access, as part of its Intelligent Nation 2015 (iN2015) and Smart Nation initiative.

Internet access is readily available in Singapore, with a connectivity rate of over 99%. Recent surveys have also indicated a significant emotional connectedness between Singaporeans with their internet access.[2] In August 2018, Ookla's tests determined that Singapore's broadband speed of 181.47 Mbit/s is the highest in the world.[3]

Beginnings[edit]

Before the Internet, Singapore was the first country in the world to launch an interactive information service to the public. A service known as Teleview was jointly developed by Telecom Authority of Singapore (TAS) and GEC-Marconi of the UK. The service started trials during late 1987 using specifically designed terminals. This was expanded in 1989, and eventually, as Personal Computers became more capable, there was a software/hardware addition made available for the PC. Early service providers for editorials were Singapore Press Holdings, Housing Development Board and Singapore Stock Exchange, which provided a range of services, including general news, business news, housing lots and selection lists, real-time stocks and shares prices.

Teleview was initially set up as a public service at the same time Singapore Telecom was formed in 1992 from the business arm of TAS, whereas TAS remained as the statutory regulatory authority. Subscribers connected to the Teleview, now-defunct, service by SingTel, via a dialup connection initially by 1200–2400 bit modems (V22 Biz) and then later via 9600-14400 kbit/s modems. Pages with photographic images were sent to the terminal by Full Field Teletext transmissions from dedicated data inserters/UHF TV Transmitters. Subscribers initially paid no time based usage fee for this service. However, later charges, on top of telephone line charges were levied. A later development from Teleview provided an interfaced connection to the Internet. Subscribers were given access to the Internet via a text-only terminal; email was accessed by Pine, and webpages were viewed by Lynx. Subsequently, Teleview was rendered obsolete, and SingNet started offering to the Internet via SLIP/PPP over modem.

Dial-up access[edit]

Access to the Internet via Teleview-SingNet evolved to a full-fledged dial-up service known as SingNet, a subsidiary of SingTel. The formerly-private TechNet network was purchased by Pacific Internet. A third ISP was Cyberway; it was eventually purchased by StarHub on 21 January 1999.[4]

Broadband access[edit]

In a government-led initiative to connect the island in a high-speed broadband network using various mediums such as fibre, DSL and cable, the Singapore ONE project was formally announced in June 1996, and commercially launched in June 1998. By December 1998, Singapore ONE is available nationwide with the completion of the national fibre optics network.

In 1997, commercial trials for SingTel ATM-based "SingTel Magix" service were undertaken in March, before being launched in June. Also in June, Singapore Cable Vision commenced trials for its cable modem based services, before being commercially deployed in December 1999. Singtel's ADSL service was subsequently rolled out on a nationwide scale in August 2000.

In 2006, M1 introduced its broadband services.

Current developments[edit]

In January 2001, the Broadband Media Association was formed to promote the broadband industry.[5] By April the same year there were six broadband Internet providers, with the total number of broadband users exceeding 300,000. Pacific Internet introduced wireless broadband services in October 2001.

In December 2006, Infocomm Development Authority of Singapore (IDA) introduced a programme named "Wireless@SG". It is part of its Next Generation National Infocomm Infrastructure initiative. It offers everyone free wireless access in high human-traffic areas, including the Central Business District, downtown shopping belts like Orchard Road, and residential town centres. By April 2013 the access speed had increased to 2 Mbit/s in April 2013.The free service was planned to continue until 31 March 2017.[6]

In early September 2010, internet service providers in Singapore rolled out the Next Generation Nationwide Broadband Network (Next Gen NBN) service plans. The Next Gen NBN is Singapore's nationwide ultra-high speed fibre network. It offered broadband speeds of up to 1 Gbit/s at comparable prices to ADSL and cable connection. Deployed 75% nationwide as of August 2011, Next Gen NBN is on track to achieve its target of 95 per cent coverage by mid-2012.[citation needed]

In November 2014, ViewQwest unveiled plans for a 2 Gbit/s fibre broadband service for households in Singapore, offering the country's fastest internet connection in the market. In March 2015, the service was officially launched making it the world's fastest home broadband plan alongside Japan.[citation needed]

Cable and ADSL services were withdrawn permanently in June 2016, with existing customers slowly being phased out. Singtel has announced complete shutdown and transfer of its ADSL customers by April 2018. StarHub has announced complete shutdown of cable customers by June 2019.[citation needed]

In August 2016, Colt launched dedicated bandwidth, business-grade internet services for enterprises in Singapore.[7]

In August 2018, Singapore's broadband speed of 181.47 Mbit/s was ranked the highest in the world.[8]

Censorship[edit]

In Singapore, Internet services provided by the three major Internet service providers are subject to regulation by the Media Development Authority (MDA) to block a "symbolic" number of websites containing "mass impact objectionable" material, including Playboy, YouPorn and Pornhub.

ISPs[edit]

There is a category about Internet service provider , see: Category:Internet service providers of Singapore

Optical fibre broadband providers[edit]

Networking company[edit]

Operating company[edit]

  • Nucleus Connect (Active Infrastructure Company ; OpCo ; Wholesale)

Retail service providers[edit]

Wireless@SG (Wi-Fi) operators[edit]

Free access; Minimally 5 Mbit/s

Mobile broadband providers[edit]

3G/4G LTE Network

  • MNOs:
  • MVNOs:
    • Circles.Life (on M1's network)
    • Zero1 (on Singtel's network)
    • MyRepublic (on StarHub's network, on M1's network from 1 Apr 2020)
    • Grid Mobile (on Singtel's network)
    • redOne (on StarHub's network)
    • VIVIFI (on Singtel's network)
    • geenet mobile (on M1's network)
    • CMLink SG (on Singtel's network)

IXPs[edit]

There are currently multiple Internet Exchange Points available in Singapore,

- Singapore Internet Exchange (SGIX) - www.sgix.sg

- Singapore Open Exchange (SOX) -www.sox.net.sg

- Equinix Internet Peering Exchange (EIE) - www.equinix.com

see: Category:Internet exchange points in Singapore

References[edit]

  1. ^ "IDA: Statistics on Telecom Services for 2015". Archived from the original on 9 May 2015. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
  2. ^ Tham, Irene. "Hooked, Net and sinker - and loving it". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 18 October 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
  3. ^ "Move to Singapore for the fastest internet in the world, according to this chart". sg.news.yahoo.com. 24 August 2018.
  4. ^ "StarHub – Revised Draft Submission (04 September 2006)". StarHub. Archived from the original on 6 August 2010. Retrieved 13 February 2012.
  5. ^ "Yong Ying-I, Chief Executive Officer, IDA Singapore - Speech Official launch of Broadband Media Association, Suntec Singapore". 3 November 2017.
  6. ^ "GOVTECH". www.ida.gov.sg. Archived from the original on 4 October 2014. Retrieved 4 September 2014.
  7. ^ "Colt Singapore introduces business grade internet". Archived from the original on 10 September 2016. Retrieved 20 September 2016.
  8. ^ "Move to Singapore for the fastest internet in the world, according to this chart". sg.news.yahoo.com. 24 August 2018.

External links[edit]