Telecommunications in Trinidad and Tobago
Telecommunications in Trinidad and Tobago include radio, television, fixed and mobile telephones, and the Internet.
Radio and television
- ITU call sign prefix:
- Radio stations:
- 5 radio networks, one state-owned, broadcast over about 35 stations (2007);
- 1 medium wave AM, 35 VHF FM, and no shortwave stations (2006).
- Radios: 680,000 (1997).[needs update]
- Amateur radio operators: ~400.
- Television stations:
- 5 TV networks, one of which is state-owned, broadcast on multiple stations (2007);
- 3 TV stations (2006).
- Television sets: 425,000 (1997).[needs update]
Calls from Trinidad and Tobago to the US, Canada, and other NANP Caribbean nations, are dialed as 1 + NANP area code + 7-digit number. Calls from Trinidad and Tobago to non-NANP countries are dialed as 011 + country code + phone number with local area code.
Number Format: nxx-xxxx
- Main lines:
- 287,000 lines in use, 119th in the world (2012);
- 209,000 lines in use (1995).
- Mobile cellular:
- 1.9 million lines, 147th in the world (2012);
- 1.5 million lines (2007).
- Telephone system: excellent international service, tropospheric scatter to Barbados and Guyana; good local service; combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity roughly 170 telephones per 100 persons (2011).
- Communications cables: five systems, AMERICAS-II, Eastern Caribbean Fibre System (ECFS), Global Caribbean Network (GCN), Suriname-Guyana Submarine Cable System (SG-SCS), and Trindad-Curaçao, provide connectivity to the U.S., parts of the Caribbean and South America (2011).
- Satellite earth stations: One Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2011).
- Landline Provider: Telecommunications Services of Trinidad and Tobago (TSTT).
- Mobile Providers: Digicel and Bmobile TT (TSTT).
- Top level domain: .tt
- Internet users:
- Fixed broadband: 166,948 subscriptions, 86th in the world; 13.6% of population, 65th in the world (2012).
- Wireless broadband: 18,028 subscriptions, 132nd in the world; 1.5% of the population, 131st in the world (2012).
- Internet hosts: 241,690 users, 69th in the world (2012).
- IPv4: 470,016 addresses allocated, less than 0.05% of the world total, 383.3 addresses per 1000 people (2012).
- Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 5 (1999).[needs update]
Facebook is the most popular social media platform.
Internet censorship and surveillance
The constitution and the law provide for freedom of speech and press, and the government generally respects these rights in practice. An independent press, an effective judiciary, and a functioning democratic political system combine to ensure freedom of speech and press. The law prohibits acts that would offend or insult another person or group on the basis of race, origin, or religion or that would incite racial or religious hatred. The constitution and the law prohibit arbitrary interference with privacy, family, home, or correspondence, and the government generally respects these prohibitions in practice.
- Telecommunications Authority of Trinidad and Tobago
- Trinidad and Tobago Amateur Radio Society
- List of newspapers in Trinidad and Tobago
- Trinidad and Tobago
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the CIA World Factbook.
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Department of State.
- "Table of International Call Sign Series (Appendix 42 to the RR)", International Telecommunications Union (ITU), 3 August 2012. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "Communications: Trinidad and Tobago", World Factbook, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, 7 January 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "Trinidad and Tobago profile", BBC News, 22 May 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2013.
- "Greg's Cable Map", Greg Mahlknecht, 19 December 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- Calculated using penetration rate and population data from "Countries and Areas Ranked by Population: 2012", Population data, International Programs, U.S. Census Bureau, retrieved 26 June 2013
- "Percentage of Individuals using the Internet 2000-2012", International Telecommunications Union (Geneva), June 2013, retrieved 22 June 2013
- "Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 2012", Dynamic Report, ITU ITC EYE, International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved on 29 June 2013.
- "Active mobile-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 2012", Dynamic Report, ITU ITC EYE, International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved on 29 June 2013.
- Select Formats, Country IP Blocks. Accessed on 2 April 2012. Note: Site is said to be updated daily.
- Population, The World Factbook, United States Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on 2 April 2012. Note: Data are mostly for 1 July 2012.
- "Trinidad and Tobago", Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2012, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, U.S. Department of State, 21 March 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2013.
- TTNIC, the Trinidad and Tobago Network Information Centre.
- Telecommunications Authority of Trinidad and Tobago (TATT), the independent regulatory body responsible for the telecommunications sector.