Interpersonal Reactivity Index
This article needs more links to other articles to help integrate it into the encyclopedia. (September 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
The Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) is a published measurement tool for the multi-dimensional assessment of empathy. It was developed by Mark H. Davis, a professor of psychology at Eckerd College. The tool is widely used—the paper describing it has been cited 3697 times, according to Google Scholar.
The tool is a self-report comprising 28-items answered on a 5-point Likert scale ranging from “Does not describe me well” to “Describes me very well”.
The four subscales are:
- Perspective Taking – the tendency to spontaneously adopt the psychological point of view of others.
- Fantasy – taps respondents' tendencies to transpose themselves imaginatively into the feelings and actions of fictitious characters in books, movies, and plays.
- Empathic Concern – assesses "other-oriented" feelings of sympathy and concern for unfortunate others.
- Personal Distress – measures "self-oriented" feelings of personal anxiety and unease in tense interpersonal settings.
- 11. I sometimes try to understand my friends better by imagining how things look from their perspective.
- 28. Before criticizing somebody, I try to imagine how I would feel if I were in their place.
- MH Davis "Measuring individual differences in empathy: Evidence for a multidimensional approach." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1983 v.44:1 p.113-126