Interstate 16

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This article is about the current Interstate Highway. For the current state highway, see Georgia State Route 16.

Interstate 16 marker

Interstate 16
I-16 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by GDOT
Length: 166.81 mi[1] (268.45 km)
Existed: 1972 – present
Major junctions
West end: I‑75 in Macon
 
US 23 / US 129 Alt. / SR 87 southeast of Macon
US 319 / US 441 near Dublin
US 221 / SR 56 northeast of Soperton
US 1 / SR 4 / SR 46 in Oak Park
US 25 / US 301 / SR 73 near Register
US 280 / SR 30 southwest of Blitchton
I‑95 in Pooler
I‑516 / US 17 / SR 21 / SR 25 in Savannah
US 17 / SR 404 Spur in Savannah
East end: Montgomery Street in Savannah
Location
Counties: Bibb, Twiggs, Bleckley, Laurens, Treutlen, Emanuel, Candler, Bulloch, Bryan, Effingham, Chatham
Highway system
  • Georgia State Routes
SR 15 SR 16
SR 403 Georgia 404.svg SR 405

Interstate 16 (I-16), also known as Jim Gillis Historic Savannah Parkway is an intrastate Interstate Highway located entirely within the U.S. state of Georgia.[2] It carries the hidden designation of State Route 404 (SR 404) for its entire length. I-16 travels from downtown Macon, at I-75 to downtown Savannah at Montgomery Street (Exit 167B).[3] I-16's unsigned designation of State Route 404 has a spur that is signed in Savannah.

Route description[edit]

Northbound I-95 at the interchange with I-16 near Savannah

I-16 serves as a hurricane evacuation route for Savannah and other coastal areas. The road is designed for contraflow travel with railroad-type gates to block most entrance and exit ramps for the normally eastbound lanes. Some ramps are ungated, apparently for entrance to and exit from the contraflow lanes. Just east of exit 42 is a crossover to return all westbound traffic to the westbound travel lanes.

Southeast of Macon, I-16 travels through Ocmulgee National Monument but without direct access. Visitors need to first exit at the US 80/SR 87 (Coliseum Drive) exit.

I-16's only two rest areas are between exits 42 and 49 near Dudley.[4]

History[edit]

The last part of the highway opened up on September 22, 1978, placing it in Emanuel, Candler, and Bulloch counties and completing the connection between downtown Macon and Savannah.

Until 2000, the state of Georgia used the sequential interchange numbering system on all of its Interstate Highways. The first exit on each highway would begin with the number "1" and increase numerically with each exit. In 2000, the Georgia Department of Transportation switched to a mileage-based exit system, in which the exit number corresponded to the nearest milepost.[citation needed]

In 2001 the Georgia Legislature passed a resolution,[5][6] to designate the Earl T. Shinhoster Interchange at the interchange with Martin Luther King, Jr. Boulevard in Savannah in honor of Earl Shinhoster, who was a Black civil rights activist. This interchange is located in the economic and cultural center for Black Savannah.[7]

In 2003, the Georgia Legislature passed a resolution[8] to designate I-16 in honor of James L. Gillis, Sr., a Democrat who served as a State Representative, State Senator and Director of the Georgia Department of Transportation, as the Jim Gillis Historic Savannah Parkway.[9] Gillis' sons, Hugh and James, Jr., also served as Democratic state legislators. Hugh was a Representative from 1941 to 1953 and a State Senator from 1953 to 1955 and from 1963 to 2005. James, Jr. was a State Senator from 1945 to 1946.[10]

Exit list[edit]

County Location mi[11] km Old exit New exit Destinations Notes
Bibb Macon 0.0 0.0 1 1 I‑75 (SR 401) – Atlanta, Valdosta Exit 1 is for 75 south; western terminus; Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; I-75 exit 165.
0.7 1.1 2 1A US 23 / US 129 / SR 49 (Spring Street, SR 11/SR 19) – Milledgeville Eastbound exit, eastbound and westbound entrance
1.0 1.6 3 1B SR 22 (Second Street) to US 129 / SR 49 – Macon Westbound exit only
1.3 2.1 4 2 US 80 / SR 87 (Coliseum Drive, ML King Jr. Boulevard)
  5.4 8.7 5 6
US 23 / US 129 Alt. (Ocmulgee East Boulevard, Golden Isles Highway, SR 87)
Twiggs   11.3 18.2 6 12 Sgoda Road – Huber
  17.4 28.0 7 18 Bullard Road – Jeffersonville
  23.1 37.2 8 24 SR 96 – Jeffersonville, Tarversville
  26.8 43.1 9 27 SR 358 – Danville
Bleckley   31.6 50.9 10 32 SR 112 – Allentown, Montrose
Laurens   38.4 61.8 11 39 SR 26 – Cochran, Montrose
Dudley 40.9 65.8 12 42 SR 338 – Dexter, Dudley
  Rest area
  47.7 76.8 13 49 SR 257 – Dublin, Dexter
  50.3 81.0 14 51 US 319 / US 441 – Dublin, McRae
  52.6 84.7 15 54 SR 19 – East Dublin, Dublin
  57.4 92.4 16 58 SR 199 (Old River Road) – Lothair, East Dublin
Treutlen   65.9 106.1 17 67 SR 29 – Vidalia, Soperton
  70.1 112.8 18 71 SR 15 / SR 78 – Soperton, Adrian
  76.5 123.1 19 78 US 221 / SR 56 – Swainsboro, Soperton
TreutlenEmanuel
county line
  83.0 133.6 20 84 SR 297 – Vidalia
Emanuel Oak Park 88.1 141.8 21 90 US 1 – Swainsboro, Lyons
Candler   96.7 155.6 22 98 SR 57 – Reidsville, Swainsboro, Stillmore
Metter 102.5 165.0 23 104 SR 23 / SR 121 – Metter, Reidsville
  109.7 176.5 24 111 Pulaski–Excelsior Road
Bulloch   114.9 184.9 25 116 US 25 / US 301 (SR 73) – Statesboro, Claxton
  125.0 201.2 26 127 SR 67 – Pembroke, Fort Stewart, Statesboro
  27 132 Ash Branch Church Road
  28 137 SR 119 – Springfield, Pembroke, Fort Stewart
Bryan   29 143 US 280 (SR 30) to US 80 (SR 26) – Pembroke
Effingham   30 148 To US 80 (SR 26) / Old River Road
Chatham Bloomingdale 31 152 SR 17 (Bloomingdale Road) – Bloomingdale
Pooler 155 Savannah/Hilton Head International Airport, Pooler
32 157 I‑95 (SR 405) – Brunswick, Jacksonville, Florence, Savannah/Hilton Head International Airport Signed as exits 157A (south) & 157B (north); I-95 exits 99A-B; cloverleaf interchange.
Garden City 33 160 SR 307 (Dean Forest Road)
Savannah 33A 162 Chatham Parkway
34A 164A I‑516 east / US 17 south / US 80 east / SR 21 south (Lynes Parkway, SR 25 south/SR 26 east/SR 421 east) West end of US 17 overlap; I-516 exit 5.
34B 164B I‑516 west / US 80 / SR 21 west / SR 25 north (Lynes Parkway, SR 26 west/SR 421 west) – Garden City I-516 exit 5.
35 165 SR 204 (37th Street, Abercorn Street) Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
36 166 US 17 north / SR 404 Spur / Gwinnett Street, Louisville Road - Charleston East end of US 17 overlap; eastbound exit and westbound entrance; old US 17 Alt.
37A 167A M. L. King Jr. Boulevard, Gaston Street Eastbound exit and westbound entrance; Earl T. Shinhoster Interchange; old US 17S
167 269 37B 167B Montgomery Street – Savannah Civic Center, Downtown Savannah Eastern Terminus; Eastbound exit and westbound entrance; old US 17N
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Auxiliary routes[edit]

Auxiliary route of SR 404[edit]

State Route 404 Spur
Location: Savannah – South Carolina state line
Length: 3.07 mi (4.94 km)

State Route 404 Spur (SR 404 Spur) is a 3.07-mile-long (4.94 km) spur route that travels from I-16 exit 166 northward along US 17 to the South Carolina state line. As its number suggests, it is a spur from SR 404, the unsigned route that is designated along the full length of I-16. At the northern end is the Talmadge Memorial Bridge.

Auxiliary route of Interstate 16[edit]

Main article: Interstate 516

Interstate 516
Location: Garden City-Savannah, Georgia

Interstate 516 (I-516) is a 6.49-mile-long (10.44 km) auxiliary route from Garden City to DeRenne Avenue in Savannah, Georgia.

In popular culture[edit]

  • In the video game Left 4 Dead 2, the player and their companions travel west on I-16 toward Atlanta. In doing so, the player will travel through a fictional Griffin County and make a stop at Whispering Oaks Amusement Park.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Staff (October 31, 2002). "Tabele 1: Main Routes of the Eisenhower National System Of Interstate and Defense Highways". Route Log and Finder List. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved July 31, 2011. 
  2. ^ Staff (December 31, 2003). Interstate Mileage Report (PDF) (Report). Georgia Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 30, 2015. 
  3. ^ Google (February 15, 2008). "Overview map of I-16" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved February 15, 2008. 
  4. ^ "Rest Areas". Georgia Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 30, 2015. 
  5. ^ House of Representatives (April 19, 2001). "House Resolution 182". Atlanta, GA: Georgia General Assembly. Retrieved February 15, 2008. 
  6. ^ State Senate (April 19, 2001). "Senate Resolution 6". Atlanta, GA: Georgia General Assembly. Retrieved February 15, 2008. 
  7. ^ Elmore, Charles J. (April 26, 2004). "The Ralph Mark Gilbert Civil Rights Museum". The New Georgia Encyclopedia. Georgia Humanities Council and the University of Georgia Press. Retrieved February 15, 2008. 
  8. ^ House of Representatives (March 27, 2003). "House Resolution 88". Atlanta, GA: Georgia General Assembly. Retrieved February 15, 2008. 
  9. ^ "Interstate 16". Interstate Guide. December 6, 2006. Retrieved February 15, 2008. [unreliable source?]
  10. ^ Staff (February 2003). "Senator Hugh M. Gillis (D-SS 20)". Georgia General Assembly. Archived from the original on September 19, 2008. Retrieved February 15, 2008. 
  11. ^ Google (March 23, 2015). "Overview map of I-16" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved March 23, 2015. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Bing