Interstate 205 (Oregon–Washington)

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Interstate 205 marker

Interstate 205
War Veterans Memorial Freeway
Map of the Portland area with I-205 highlighted in red
Route information
Auxiliary route of I-5
Maintained by ODOT and WSDOT
Length37.13 mi[2][3] (59.75 km)
Existed1962[1]–present
HistoryCompleted in 1983
Major junctions
South end I-5 in Tualatin, OR
 
North end I-5 in Salmon Creek, WA
Location
StatesOregon, Washington
CountiesOR: Washington, Clackamas, Multnomah
WA: Clark
Highway system

OR 204OROR 205
SR 204WASR 206

Interstate 205 (I-205) is an auxiliary Interstate Highway in the Portland metropolitan area of Oregon and Washington. It serves as a bypass route of I-5, traveling north–south along the east side of Portland, Oregon, and Vancouver, Washington, intersecting several major highways and serving Portland International Airport.

The freeway is 37 miles (60 km) long and connects to I-5 at both of its termini, to the south in Tualatin, Oregon, and to the north in Salmon Creek, Washington. I-205 is officially named the War Veterans Memorial Freeway in both states, and is known as the East Portland Freeway No. 64 in Oregon (see Oregon highways and routes).

Route description[edit]

Beneath the I-205 bridge in Vancouver, looking toward Portland

I-205 functions primarily as a bypass of I-5 within the Portland metropolitan area, serving the eastern suburban areas of Portland, Oregon, and Vancouver, Washington.[4] It is listed as part of the National Highway System, identifying routes that are important to the national economy, defense, and mobility, and recognized by Washington state as a Highway of Statewide Significance.[5][6] The Oregon portion of I-205 is designated as East Portland Freeway No. 64 under the state's named highway system.[7] The Oregon portion was also designated as the War Veterans Memorial Highway in 2000 and has since been home to an annual vehicle convoy near Veterans Day.[8][9]

I-205 is maintained by Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT) and Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT) within their respective states. Both agencies conduct annual surveys of traffic on segments of the freeway, the results of which are expressed in terms of average annual daily traffic (AADT), a measure of traffic volume for any average day of the year. Average traffic volumes on the Oregon portion in 2018 ranged from a minimum of 87,800 in Stafford to 170,900 near Division Street in Portland.[10] The Washington portion ranged from a minimum of 47,000 in Salmon Creek to 160,000 on the Glenn L. Jackson Memorial Bridge in 2019.[11] The Glenn Jackson Bridge is the busier of the two main bridges over the Columbia River in the Portland area, with the older Interstate Bridge on I-5 carrying a daily average of 138,000 vehicles.[12]

Washington and Clackamas counties[edit]

I-205 begins at a semi-directional T interchange with I-5 in eastern Tualatin, a suburb in Washington County, Oregon. The four-lane freeway travels east along Saum Creek and the Tualatin River into Clackamas County, where it passes through an area with a mix of housing subdivisions, forests, and farmland. After crossing the river, I-205 dives southeasterly into West Linn and runs along the banks of the Willamette River, which passes through the Willamette Falls and a scenic overlook for northbound traffic.[13] After an interchange with Oregon Route 43 (OR 43), I-205 crosses the Willamette River on the sloped Abernethy Bridge, which carries six lanes for 2,727 feet (831 m) into Oregon City and is capped at the east by an interchange with OR 99E.[14] The freeway passes the Oregon City train station, served by Amtrak's Cascades,[15] and follows the railroad north to a junction with OR 213, which becomes concurrent to I-205.[16][17]

The freeway continues north across the Clackamas River through Gladstone and Clackamas, passing through residential neighborhoods and an industrial area. Near Johnson City, I-205 intersects the west end of OR 212, which provides access to Boring and Mount Hood. The concurrency with OR 213 ends at a partial cloverleaf interchange with OR 224 (the Sunrise Expressway) on the west side of Mount Talbert near several radio towers. I-205 briefly expands to eight lanes and intersects several roads near the Kaiser Sunnyside Medical Center and the Clackamas Town Center, a regional shopping mall, before continuing north through an unincorporated residential area between Milwaukie and Happy Valley.[18] The freeway travels north with tracks on the west side for the MAX Green Line, a light rail service operated by TriMet, and enters the city of Portland in Multnomah County.[17][19]

Portland and Vancouver[edit]

I-205 passes through the eastern neighborhoods of Portland, about 5 miles (8.0 km) from downtown, and runs parallel to the I-205 Transitway (carrying the MAX Green Line) and OR 213 on 82nd Avenue.[17] From the Clackamas Town Center, the freeway travels through residential areas in the Lents neighborhood at the foot of Mount Scott, which is home to the Willamette National Cemetery. I-205 intersects U.S. Route 26 (US 26) at Powell Boulevard near Kelly Butte and the Jade District in the Powellhurst-Gilbert neighborhood.[20][21] North of Division Street, the freeway forms the boundary between the Montavilla and Hazelwood neighborhoods as the MAX Green Line switches to the east side.[20] I-205 then intersects Stark, Burnside, and Gilsan streets with a series of weaving ramps near Mall 205 and the Adventist Health Portland hospital.[16]

Aerial view of the Glenn L. Jackson Memorial Bridge, which carries I-205 across the Columbia River

North of Gilsan Street, the freeway intersects I-84 and US 30 near the Gateway/Northeast 99th Avenue Transit Center, where the MAX Green Line turns west. I-205 and I-84 travel parallel for one mile (1.6 km) along the base of Rocky Butte, following a section of the MAX Red Line on the I-205 Transitway. I-84 and US 30 turn east towards the Columbia River Gorge at Northeast Fremont Street, while I-205 continues north around the suburban enclave of Maywood Park with the light rail trackway in its median.[17] The freeway intersects US 30 Bypass (Northeast Killingsworth Street) and turns northeast to pass under a railroad in the Parkrose neighborhood.[20] The MAX Red Line leaves the freeway to travel west towards Portland International Airport, which is accessed from I-205 by an interchange with Airport Way on the south side of the Columbia River.[16] I-205 crosses the Columbia River and Government Island on the eight-lane Glenn L. Jackson Memorial Bridge, a concrete segmental bridge that spans a total of 11,750 feet (3,580 m) between Oregon and Washington.[22]

On the Washington side of the river, I-205 serves the northeastern side of Vancouver and its unincorporated suburbs in Clark County.[4][23] The freeway intersects State Route 14 (SR 14), a regional east–west freeway with connections to Downtown Vancouver and the CamasWashougal area, in a partial cloverstack interchange on the north side of the river.[24] I-205 curves northwest to intersect Mill Plain Boulevard in a partial cloverleaf interchange and Northeast 18th Street in a half-diamond interchange before continuing north through predominantly residential neighborhoods. The six-lane freeway then reaches a cloverleaf interchange with another east–west freeway, SR 500, on the east side of the Vancouver Mall.[23][25] I-205 narrows to four lanes and travels northwest along LaLonde Creek to the community of Salmon Creek, where it terminates at an interchange with I-5.[4] The interchange, located southwest of Washington State University Vancouver, is incomplete and requires some movements to be made by a pair of half-diamond interchanges on Northeast 134th Street.[16][26]

Multi-use trail[edit]

A bicycle and pedestrian trail follows I-205 for much of its distance in the Portland metropolitan area,[4] and connects to the Springwater Corridor trail near the Foster Road exit. The paved trail parallels the highway and the I-205 Transitway from Oregon City to Vancouver.[27] It was constructed in the early 1980s, and is over 11 miles (18 km) long, running from SE 23rd Street (east of Ellsworth Road and north of the Evergreen Highway) on the Vancouver side of the Columbia River to a mile south of Clackamas Town Center.[28] The multi-use path is managed by the Oregon Department of Transportation.[citation needed]

The MAX Green Line, which opened in fall 2009, parallels much of the Interstate 205 Bike Path.

History[edit]

I-205's bike path, crossing the Glenn Jackson Bridge

The Portland Improvement Plan of 1943, conceived by New York-based planner Robert Moses, included a "scenic thoroughfare" bypassing Portland to the east, as well as an inner loop of major roads in the downtown area.[29] The corridor was included in a 1955 federal government plan for what would become the Interstate Highway System, approved a year later.[30] The Oregon State Highway Commission designated it as the Laurelhurst Freeway, generally traveling along 39th Avenue through the Laurelhurst neighborhood between Tualatin and a new, toll-free bridge over the Columbia River.[31][32]

The final section of I-205 to be completed, the section between SE Division Street and the southern interchange of the Glenn Jackson Bridge over the Columbia River, opened to traffic in March 1983.[33] The approximately 10-mile (16 km) section on the Washington side of the river had opened in summer 1982,[33] and the bridge opened in December 1982.[34]

Construction of I-205 included a graded but unfinished transitway between SE Foster Road and NE Columbia Boulevard. The section between NE Columbia Boulevard and the I-205/I-84 junction became part of the MAX Red Line, and the section from E Burnside Street to SE Foster Road is used as part of the Green Line. The short portion between these sections was used by the first rail line, now known as the Blue Line.

Future[edit]

Due to the tremendous growth in the Portland metropolitan area and the suburb of Vancouver, the Washington and Oregon departments of transportation (WSDOT, ODOT) are currently planning improvements on I-205 to improve traffic flow between the two states. In Vancouver, WSDOT and Clark County's Regional Transportation Commission are planning several new ramps to new arterials, grade-separating existing ramps with new ramps, and additional lanes. In Portland, ODOT is beginning to plan improvements, but no details have been released yet.

Another solution being floated around is a light rail line serving most or all the entire I-205 corridor, though the plan is being met with opposition from Clark County residents. Additionally, statements have been made by the Columbia River Crossing group that the Glenn Jackson Bridge was not properly engineered to carry light rail.

Exit list[edit]

StateCountyLocation[2]mi[2][3]kmExitDestinationsNotes
OregonWashingtonTualatin0.000.00 I-5 – Salem, PortlandSouthern terminus
Clackamas3.165.093Stafford Road – Lake Oswego
West Linn6.4010.30610th Street
8.8214.198 OR 43 – West Linn, Lake OswegoBicycles permitted southbound and prohibited northbound
Willamette River9.1314.69Abernethy Bridge
Oregon City9.2914.959 OR 99E – Downtown Oregon City, Gladstone
10.2416.4810 OR 213 south – Oregon City, MolallaSouthern end of OR 213 concurrency
Gladstone11.0517.7811Gladstone
12.6720.3912 OR 212 east to OR 224 east – Damascus, EstacadaNorthbound signage
12A OR 212 east – DamascusSouthbound signage
12BRoots Road – Johnson City
13.11–
13.32
21.10–
21.44
13 OR 213 north (82nd Avenue) / OR 224 – MilwaukieNorthbound signage; northern end of OR 213 concurrency
OR 224 – Estacada, MilwaukieSouthbound signage
13.95–
14.53
22.45–
23.38
14Sunnybrook Boulevard / Sunnyside Road
16.2426.1416Johnson Creek Boulevard
MultnomahPortland17.8528.7317Foster Road
18.89–
19.60
30.40–
31.54
19 US 26 (Powell Boulevard) / Division Street
20.33–
21.23
32.72–
34.17
20Washington Street / Stark StreetNorthbound signage
21AGlisan Street
Glisan Street / Stark StreetSouthbound signage
20.99–
21.39
33.78–
34.42
21B I-84 west / US 30 west – PortlandFormerly I-80N
22.22–
22.61
35.76–
36.39
22 I-84 east / US 30 east – The DallesFormerly I-80N
23.6838.1123A
US 30 Byp. east (Sandy Boulevard)
23B
US 30 Byp. west (Killingsworth Street)
24.6539.6724 Airport Way – Portland AirportSigned as exits 24A (west) and 24B (east) northbound
Columbia River26.5642.74Glenn L. Jackson Memorial Bridge; Oregon–Washington state line
WashingtonClarkVancouver27.0643.5527 SR 14 – Vancouver, CamasBicycles permitted northbound and prohibited southbound (must connect to bike path via SR 14)
28.3045.5428Mill Plain BoulevardSigned as exits 28A (east) and 28B (west) northbound
28CNortheast 112th AvenueNorthbound exit only
29.3147.1729Northeast 18th StreetNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
30.8749.6830ANortheast Gher Road / Northeast 112th AvenueSouthbound exit is via exit 30.
30 SR 500 – Vancouver City CenterSigned as exits 30B (east) and 30C (west) northbound
31.0850.02Vancouver Mall (Fourth Plain Boulevard)No northbound exit
33.0153.1232Padden Parkway / Northeast Andresen Road – Battle Ground
36.7259.1036Northeast 134th Street – WSU Vancouver
37.1359.75 I-5 north – SeattleNorthern terminus; northbound exit and southbound entrance
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ Edwards, Herman (March 14, 1962). "Portlanders Will Be Able To Tell By Early Fall Of '63 If East Bank Freeway Worth All The Trouble, High Cost". The Oregonian. p. M4.
  2. ^ a b c Road Inventory and Classification Services Unit. "Straightline Charts". Transportation Development Division, Oregon Department of Transportation. Retrieved September 25, 2016.
  3. ^ a b Staff (2006). "State Highway Log" (PDF). Washington State Department of Transportation. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 16, 2010. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  4. ^ a b c d "Corridor Sketch Summary – I-205: Columbia River to I-5 Jct (Salmon Creek)" (PDF). Washington State Department of Transportation. April 2, 2018. Retrieved July 17, 2020.
  5. ^ National Highway System: Portland, OR–WA (PDF) (Map). Federal Highway Administration. May 10, 2019. Retrieved July 17, 2020.
  6. ^ "Transportation Commission List of Highways of Statewide Significance" (PDF). Washington State Transportation Commission. July 26, 2009. Retrieved July 17, 2020.
  7. ^ "Cross Reference Table of Highway Route Number to State Highway Number" (PDF). Oregon Department of Transportation. 2018. p. 3. Retrieved July 17, 2020.
  8. ^ Stewart, Bill (November 2, 2000). "Interstate 205 will be marked as memorial tribute to veterans". The Oregonian. p. D5.
  9. ^ "Salute to veterans takes to the highway". The Columbian. November 4, 2012. Retrieved July 17, 2020.
  10. ^ ODOT Transportation Data Section and Transportation Systems Monitoring Unit (October 2019). "2018 Transportation Volume Tables" (PDF). Oregon Department of Transportation. pp. 88–89. Retrieved July 17, 2020.
  11. ^ Traffic GeoPortal (Map). Washington State Department of Transportation. Retrieved July 17, 2020.
  12. ^ Theen, Andrew (October 25, 2019). "'We can't spend forever to do it': New bistate committee meets on Interstate Bridge talks". The Oregonian. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
  13. ^ Goetze, Janet (October 14, 1994). "Rest area unrest". The Oregonian. p. B2.
  14. ^ "I-205/Abernethy Bridge: A Resilient Future" (PDF). Oregon Department of Transportation. 2016. p. 3. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  15. ^ Patty, Stanton H. (April 29, 2004). "Oregon City: Amtrak adds pioneers' 2,000-mile destination to passenger-train route". The Seattle Times. p. G26. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  16. ^ a b c d Google (July 16, 2020). "Interstate 205" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  17. ^ a b c d Oregon 2019–2021 Official State Map (PDF) (Map). Oregon Department of Transportation. April 2019. Portland and Vicinity inset. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  18. ^ Clackamas County Road Map (Map). Clackamas County GIS. July 2020. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  19. ^ TriMet System Map (PDF) (Map). TriMet. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  20. ^ a b c East Portland Community Office (PDF) (Map). City of Portland Office of Community & Civic Life, Bureau of Planning and Sustainability. March 5, 2019. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  21. ^ Spencer, Malia (March 17, 2020). "Portland launches $150K small biz grant for Jade District, with possible expansion to others". Portland Business Journal. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  22. ^ "It's a fact: I-205 Bridge ready". The Columbian. December 12, 1982. p. A1. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  23. ^ a b Washington State Highways 2014–2015 (PDF) (Map). 1:842,000. Washington State Department of Transportation. 2014. Vancouver inset. Retrieved July 17, 2020.
  24. ^ "SR 205 – Exit 27: Junction SR 14" (PDF). Washington State Department of Transportation. March 19, 2014. Retrieved July 17, 2020.
  25. ^ "SR 205 – Exit 30: Junction SR 500/Vancouver Mall Drive" (PDF). Washington State Department of Transportation. March 6, 2018. Retrieved July 17, 2020.
  26. ^ "SR 5 – Exit 7: Junction SR 205/NE 134th Street/139th Street" (PDF). Washington State Department of Transportation. August 10, 2016. Retrieved July 17, 2020.
  27. ^ http://www.dbmechanic.com/biking/ViewTrail.asp?TID=103
  28. ^ "I-205 Bike Path". Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  29. ^ Kramer, George (May 2004). The Interstate Highway System in Oregon: A Historic Overview (PDF) (Report). Oregon Department of Transportation. pp. 58–62. Retrieved July 22, 2020 – via Oregon State Library.
  30. ^ General Location of ⁠National System of Interstate Highways. Bureau of Public Roads. 1955. p. 71. OCLC 4165975. Retrieved July 22, 2020 – via WikiSource.
  31. ^ "Baldock Proposal Centers On City Freeway System". The Oregonian. June 29, 1955. p. 33.
  32. ^ "Highway Body Seeks U.S. Subsidy To Permit Toll-Free River Bridge". The Oregonian. October 1, 1957. p. 15.
  33. ^ a b Federman, Stan (March 6, 1983). "I-205 opening paves way to future". The Sunday Oregonian. p. E2.
  34. ^ Callister, Scotta (December 16, 1982). "Rain fails to faze bridge-crossers". The Oregonian. p. E12.

External links[edit]

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata