Interstate 22

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Interstate 22 marker

Interstate 22

Corridor X
I-22 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by MDOT and ALDOT
Length202.5 mi[1] (325.9 km)
Existed2012 (2012)[2]–present
Major junctions
West end I-269 / US 78 / MS 304 near Byhalia, MS
Major intersections
East end I-65 near Birmingham, AL
CountryUnited States
StatesMississippi, Alabama
CountiesMS: DeSoto, Marshall, Benton, Union, Pontotoc, Lee, Itawamba
AL: Marion, Walker, Jefferson
Highway system
  • Alabama State Highway System
MS 21MS MS 22
SR 21AL SR 22

Interstate 22 (I-22) is a 202.5-mile-long (325.9 km) Interstate Highway in the US states of Mississippi and Alabama, connecting I-269 near Byhalia, Mississippi, to I-65 near Birmingham, Alabama. I-22 is also Corridor X of the Appalachian Development Highway System. Designated in 2012, I-22 follows the route of the older U.S. Route 78 (US 78). The freeway mainly spans rural areas and passes numerous small towns along its route, including Fulton, Tupelo, New Albany, and Holly Springs in Mississippi; and Jasper, Winfield, and Hamilton in Alabama.

I-22 was upgraded to Interstate Highway standards to close a gap in the Interstate Highway System, allowing for more direct connections between cities in the southeast with cities in the central part of the country. I-22 indirectly connects I-240, I-40, I-55, and I-69 in the Memphis metropolitan area via US 78 and I-269 with I-65, I-459, I-20, and I-59 in the Birmingham metro area.

Route description[edit]

Western terminus at I-269 in Byhalia, MS
Eastern terminus at I-65 in Birmingham, AL as of 2016

I-22 serves as a connection between Birmingham and suburban Memphis, filling in a gap in the Interstate Highway System. It begins at an interchange with I-269 at Byhalia, Mississippi, approximately 25 miles (40 km) from downtown Memphis and travels southeast across northern Mississippi and Alabama, before ending at an interchange with I-65 approximately five miles (8.0 km) north of downtown Birmingham, Alabama.


Eastbound I-22 in Potts Camp

I-22 begins at an interchange with I-269 at Byhalia in northwestern Mississippi and continues across rural areas, connecting towns such as Fulton, Tupelo, New Albany, and Holly Springs.


Corridor X ADHS shields in Marion County

I-22 continues across rural areas in northwestern Alabama, and connects the towns of Jasper, Winfield, and Hamilton before ending at an interchange with I-65 approximately five miles (8.0 km) north of downtown Birmingham.


The concept of a Memphis-to-Birmingham expressway was discussed as early as the 1950s, but did not move beyond talk for more than 20 years.[3]

When studies for I-22 began, the highway was proposed to continue west to downtown Memphis, Tennessee, and end at I-240 and I-69. Several other proposals were also considered. One took I-22 along I-269 to I-55/I-69 and another took it along Crump Boulevard to end at I-55, but those plans never materialized.

The part of I-22 just east of Fulton, Mississippi, was approved by Congress as "Corridor X" in 1978, as a part of the Appalachian Development Highway System, and parts of I-22 have been under construction ever since.[4] Corridor X was also designated as "High Priority Corridor 10" in the Federal National Highway System Designation Act of 1995, and as "High Priority Corridor 45" in later legislation.[5] Over the many years of development, the project changed multiple times.

In 2004, Corridor X was designated as Future I-22 by Public Law Number 108-199,[6] and the designation was made official on April 18, 2005.[7] In Alabama and Mississippi, blue signs reading "FUTURE/I-22/CORRIDOR" at left and an I-22 shield with "FUTURE" instead of "INTERSTATE" at the right were unveiled on April 18, 2005.[7]

The first major completed section of the route between the Mississippi state line and Jasper was opened to traffic on November 22, 2005.[8] Exits on the Jasper Bypass portion of I-22 were originally numbered using a kilometer-based sequence because, at the time this stretch was opened, it appeared that all highways in the US were going to be measured using the metric system. The final decision was made to remain using miles, and they have been renumbered according to the highway's mileposts. A six-mile (9.7 km) segment between Graysville and Brookside was opened in June 2007,[9] and another 20-mile (32 km) section of Future I-22 between Jasper and Graysville was opened in November 2007.[10] A 1.8-mile (2.9 km) segment between Cherry Avenue in Forestdale to a point about 2.5 miles (4.0 km) short of I-65 near Fultondale, including an interchange with Coalburg Road, was opened in December 2009.[11] Next came the connection of I-22 with I-65 and US 31.[11] The Alabama Department of Transportation (ALDOT) widened Coalburg Road from its interchange with I-22 southward to Daniel Payne Drive (which leads to I-65) to allow heavy trucks to use it; this project was nearly complete as of May 2015.[12] Signs are now in place on Daniel Payne Drive (westbound) informing truckers that access to I-22 is not allowed from Daniel Payne Drive.

ALDOT was to award contracts in August 2009 for the construction of the final segment of I-22, including its large interchange with I-65 and US 31, with the construction to begin shortly afterward. Funding delays postponed these into 2010, however. On March 19, 2010, President Barack Obama signed the HIRE (Hiring Incentives to Restore Employment) Act into law, which included an extension of federal highway funding through the end of 2010. This extension gave the ALDOT the opportunity to proceed with its plans for the construction of final segment of I-22 in Alabama. The opening of the bids for this project began on May 21, 2010. ALDOT announced on June 16, 2010, that the project has been awarded to the company Archer Western Contractors for $168.6 million.[13] The project is the most expensive highway project ever undertaken in Jefferson County, and it is the highest-priced contract awarded by the ALDOT as of 2010.[14]

On November 12, 2012, ALDOT's application for establishing I-22 was conditionally approved by AASHTO at a special committee, pending for MDOT to submit their own application for I-22 and FHWA approval. This therefore officially established the existence of I-22.[15]

In April 2013, the first actual I-22 shields were deployed in Marion County, Alabama, immediately east of the Mississippi state line. Such signs will extend east at least through Walker County into the outskirts of Birmingham.[16] On August 21, 2014, ALDOT reported that I-22's interchange with I-65 would not be completed until October 2015.[17] The interchange's connections via exit 95 to I-65 and the continuation over I-65 as exit 95C at US 31 remained under construction. In March 2016, the intersection with I-65 and continuation to US 31 was still under construction. New lanes north and southbound were opened on I-65 passing through the interchange and construction and painting operations were carried out on the I-22 entrance and exit ramps.[18] The interchange to I-65 opened to traffic on June 20, 2016, while the connector to US 31 remained under construction.[19]

Mississippi officials announced May 5, 2015, that the state officially began the process to designate its portion as I-22. The two requirements to be able to apply for this designation were to upgrade the route to Interstate standards and to connect to an existing Interstate within 25 years; this was completed when I-269 was opened in December 2017. The I-65 interchange was opened in October 2015.[20] The route was officially signed in Mississippi in a ceremony on October 23, 2015.[21]

Exit list[edit]

MississippiDeSoto0.00.0 US 78 west – MemphisContinuation as US 78; western end of US 78 overlap
Byhalia0.00.012 I-269 / MS 304 – Tunica, ColliervilleMemphis Outer Beltway;[citation needed] I-269 exit 16
Marshall2.43.914 MS 309 – Byhalia
6.610.618Victoria, East Byhalia
9.815.821Red Banks
Holly Springs14.423.226West Holly Springs, AshlandFormer MS 4/MS 7
18.529.830 MS 4 / MS 7 – Holly Springs, OxfordAccess to Senatobia via MS 7
25.541.037Lake Center
Potts Camp29.647.641
To MS 349 – Potts Camp
BentonHickory Flat36.458.648 MS 178 – Hickory FlatAccess to MS 2 and MS 5
New Albany48.678.260GlenfieldConnector to MS 30 and to a Walmart distribution center
49.679.861 MS 30 west – West New Albany, Mississippi, OxfordWestern end of MS 30 overlap
51.082.163Downtown New Albany
52.083.764 MS 15 / MS 30 east – Pontotoc, RipleyEastern end of MS 30 overlap
61.298.573 MS 9 north – Blue SpringsWestern end of MS 9 overlap; signed as exits 73A and 73B
PontotocSherman64.8104.376 MS 9 south (MS 178) – Sherman, PontotocEastern end of MS 9 overlap
LeeTupelo69.0111.081 MS 178 (McCullough Boulevard) – West Tupelo
70.3113.182Coley Road / Barnes Crossing Road
72.9117.385 Natchez Trace Parkway
74.3119.686 US 45 (Corridor V west) – Tupelo, CorinthWestern end of Corridor V overlap; signed as exits 86A (south) and 86B (north)
75.8122.087Veterans BoulevardAccess to Elvis Presley birthplace
78.1125.790Auburn Road
82.2132.394 MS 371 – Mantachie, Mooreville
Itawamba85.3137.397Fawn Grove Road – Dorsey
88.8142.9101 MS 178 / MS 363 – Peppertown, Mantachie
Fulton92.9149.5104 MS 25 south – Fulton, AmoryWestern end of MS 25 overlap, MS 178 resumes eastbound in downtown Fulton
96.6155.5108 MS 25 north (Corridor V east) – Belmont, Iuka
Corridor X ends
Eastern end of MS 25/Corridor V overlap; western end of Corridor X overlap
Tremont101.4163.2113 MS 23 – Tremont, SmithvilleMS 178 terminates eastbound at intersection with MS 23 just north of Corridor X
Mississippi–Alabama state line
AlabamaMarion3.936.323 CR 33 / SR 4 – BexarWestern end of SR 4 overlap
CR 94 to SR 74 – Weston, Hamilton
Provides access to US 278 east and to SR 19 Red Bay
11.4518.4311 SR 17 – Hamilton, Sulligent, York, Butler, MobileAlso connects to SR 19
14.4623.2714 CR 35 – Hamilton
16.9127.2116 US 43 / US 278 / SR 171 – Hamilton, Guin
22.5236.2422 CR 45
26.2442.2326 SR 44 – Brilliant, GuinAlso serves the community of Twin
Winfield29.9248.1530 SR 129 – Brilliant, Winfield
34.3855.3334 SR 233 – Glen Allen, Natural Bridge
Walker39.6263.7639 SR 13 – Natural Bridge, EldridgeAlso access to Fayette and Tuscaloosa via SR 13 south
Carbon Hill46.8775.4346 CR 11 – Carbon Hill, Nauvoo
51.8383.4152 SR 118 – Carbon Hill
53.4786.0553SR 102Exit not signed
Jasper57.4092.3857 SR 118 east – Jasper
60.5497.4361 SR 69 – Jasper, Tuscaloosa
62.75100.9963 SR 269 – Jasper, Parrish
65.26105.0365Industrial Parkway – Jasper
70.03112.7070 CR 22 – Cordova, Parrish
71.99115.8672 CR 61 – Cordova
78.36126.1178 CR 81 – Dora, Sumiton
JeffersonWest Jefferson80.75129.9581 CR 45 – West Jefferson
Graysville85.24137.1885 US 78 east / SR 5 (SR 4 east) – Birmingham, Adamsville, GraysvilleEastern end of US 78/SR 4 overlap
I-222 north to I-422
Proposed interchange; proposed southern terminus of I-222
87.26140.4387 CR 112 – Graysville
Forestdale88.99143.2289 CR 65 (Hillcrest Road) – Adamsville, Graysville
91.75147.6691 CR 105 (Cherry Avenue) – Brookside, Forestdale
Birmingham93.60150.6393 CR 77 – CoalburgDirectional signs on exit ramp north to Coalburg and south to Birmingham
96.48155.2795 I-65 – Birmingham, Huntsville, Montgomery, MobileI-65 exit 265A; signed as left exit 95A (north) & 95B (south)
95C US 31 (SR 3) – Montgomery, DecaturUnder construction; future eastern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Auxiliary routes[edit]

Interstate 222[edit]

Future Interstate 222 marker

Future Interstate 222

LocationBirmingham, Ala.
Length2.26 mi (3.64 km)

Interstate 222 (I-222) is a future Auxiliary Interstate Highway to be a connector between I-22 and the proposed I-422 near Birmingham, Alabama. There will be no exits other than its termini. The highway has been proposed because an interchange directly between I-22 and I-422 cannot be built because of environmental issues.[clarification needed] AASHTO approved the designation on May 18, 2012.[23] Construction on this new route has not been scheduled at this time.

Interstate 422[edit]

I-422 is a future northwestern bypass of Birmingham, connecting between I-20/I-59, from the southwest, and I-59, in the northeast. It will also be connected with I-22 via I-222, in Brookside, located northwest of Birmingham. It was first proposed in May 2009 by US Congressman Spencer Bachus; on May 18, 2012, it was approved by AASHTO.[23][24]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Milepost maps". Alabama Department of Transportation. July 2017. Retrieved July 30, 2017.
  2. ^ Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering (November 16, 2012). "SCOH Report from Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering Annual Meeting" (PDF) (Report). Washington, DC: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. p. 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 3, 2019. Retrieved September 23, 2014.
  3. ^ "Lynchpin I-22 Nears Completion". Business Alabama. October 2015. Retrieved February 20, 2016.
  4. ^ McMurray, Jeffery (December 22, 2003). "Shelby's Clout Has Helped Put Corridor X on the Brink of Completion". Associated Press State and Local Wire.
  5. ^ "Future I-22". Retrieved February 15, 2008.[self-published source]
  6. ^ MacDonald, Ginny (January 28, 2004). "Corridor X Gets Official Seal as I-22". The Birmingham News.[page needed]
  7. ^ a b MacDonald, Ginny (April 15, 2005). "Corridor X Becomes I-22: Signs Bearing Name to Be Unveiled Monday in Jasper by Officials". The Birmingham News. p. 1C.
  8. ^ Faulk, Kent (November 23, 2005). "Corridor X Section Opens in West Alabama". The Birmingham News. p. 4C.
  9. ^ MacDonald, Ginny (June 2, 2007). "13 Miles of Corridor X to Open: End of Long Road in Sight for I-22". The Birmingham News. p. 1A.
  10. ^ MacDonald, Ginny (October 31, 2007). "26 Miles of Corridor X to Open Nov. 14: Stretch Offers Straight Shot from Forestdale to Memphis". The Birmingham News. p. 1A.
  11. ^ a b Staff Reporters (December 10, 2009). "Corridor X Opens New Section: Interchange Lags". The Birmingham News. p. 2A.
  12. ^ "Coalburg Road Looks Nice and Smooth, but Not Done ... Yet". May 10, 2015.
  13. ^ Gray, Jeremy (June 16, 2010). "Construction Contract Awarded for Final Link of Corridor X". The Birmingham News. Retrieved June 21, 2010.
  14. ^ Gray, Jeremy (July 26, 2010). "Birmingham I-65/Corridor X Project Set to Launch August 1". The Birmingham News. Retrieved July 26, 2010.
  15. ^ Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering (November 16, 2012). "SCOH Report from Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering Annual Meeting" (PDF) (Report). Washington, DC: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. p. 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 3, 2019. Retrieved September 23, 2014.
  16. ^ "Interstate 22 Signs Going Up". Daily Mountain Eagle. Jasper, AL. April 4, 2013.
  17. ^ "Interstate 22 Progress: I-65 Interchange with Corridor X Won't Be Completed Until at Least 2015". Birmingham Business Journal. August 22, 2014. Retrieved September 25, 2014.
  18. ^ Songer, Joe (March 7, 2016). "I-22 Interchange Construction Continues at I-65 near Fultondale". Retrieved March 15, 2016.
  19. ^ Yeager, Andrew (June 20, 2016). "Interstate 22 Interchange Opens Completing Link to Memphis". Birmingham, AL: WBHM. Retrieved June 21, 2016.
  20. ^ "Interstate 22 Designation Moving Nearer". Northeast Mississippi Daily Journal.
  21. ^ "Mississippi Ceremony Will Designate US 78 as I-22". Memphis Commercial Appeal. Retrieved October 18, 2015.
  22. ^ Google (September 23, 2014). "Interstate 22" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved September 23, 2014.
  23. ^ a b Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering (May 19, 2012). "Report to SCOH" (PDF) (Report). Washington, DC: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. p. 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 3, 2019. Retrieved April 9, 2017.
  24. ^ MacDonald, Ginny (May 26, 2009). "Corridor X/ I-65 Interchange Construction Could Begin This Year". The Birmingham News. Archived from the original on June 20, 2009. Retrieved May 26, 2009.

External links[edit]

KML is from Wikidata