Interstate 240 (North Carolina)
|Billy Graham Freeway|
|Maintained by NCDOT|
|Length:||9.14 mi (14.71 km)|
|Existed:||1980 – present|
|West end:||I‑26 / I‑40 / US 74 near Asheville|
| US 19 / US 23 / US 74A in Asheville
Future I‑26 / US 19 / US 23 / US 70 in Asheville
|East end:||I‑40 / US 74A in eastern Asheville|
Interstate 240 (I-240) is a 9.1-mile (14.6 km) long Interstate Highway loop in the U.S. state of North Carolina. It serves as an urban connector for Asheville and runs in a half-circle around the north of the city's downtown district between exits 53B and 46B of Interstate 40. Between those points, I-40 continues in an east–west direction further south of the city, roughly parallel to the Swannanoa and French Broad rivers. The western segment of I-240 is now being co-signed with I-26 as part of a larger project extending I-26 from its former western terminus at I-40/I-240 to U.S. Route 23 (US 23) near Kingsport, Tennessee.
A planned construction project dubbed the I-26 Connector, intended to build a straighter path of I-26 through Asheville (bypassing the I-240/US 19/23/70 interchange), has recently been lowered in priority by the NC Department of Transportation. A major part of this project would have been the construction of a new interstate-standard bridge across the French Broad River. Additional plans for I-240 in west Asheville call for its expansion from 4 lanes to 8 lanes.
I-240 begins at an interchange with I-26 and I-40 west of Asheville. I-240 and Future I-26 travel concurrently for 4 miles (6.4 km) along the western section of the routing. I-240 travels almost parallel to the French Broad River to its east. In the northwestern part of the route, US 19, US 23 and US 74A merge onto I-240 to cross the French Broad River. After crossing the river, Future I-26/US 19/US 23 exit off to the north and US 70 merges with I-240. The concurrent highways travel through the northern section of downtown Asheville. US 70/US 74A exits off I-240 at Charlotte Street. The Interstate continues through a cut in the mountain before turning back to the south. I-240 cross the Swannanoa River near Asheville Mall before terminating at an interchange with I-40.
By 1966, Hanover Street had been converted to a freeway, which carried US 19 Business/US 23 Business/NC 191; additional freeway was constructed from Haywood Street to I-40. In 1968, eastbound lanes were added to the Smoky Park Bridge, the main connector across the French Broad River. The original lanes, built in 1950, became westbound lanes.
The next step began with the 1964 presentation by J. O. "Buck" Buchanan to the N.C. Highway Commission Board. An interstate highway was to be built from the east to downtown Asheville to connect with the existing freeway. The best way to do this, it was concluded, was to blast an 800-foot (240 m)-wide passage through Beaucatcher Mountain. The Beaucatcher Mountain Defense Association, formed in the early 1970s, endorsed a tunnel, which would mean only about 5 percent of the mountain would be disturbed. In 1977, the North Carolina Department of Transportation selected Asheville Contracting Co. for the project. 3 million cubic feet of rock, including greywacke believed to be one billion years old, would have to be moved, and all of it could be used in the construction. The company had several connections to those responsible for the road plan: company president Baxter Taylor was a business partner of Ted Jordan, a highway board member and a member of the Chamber of Commerce Highway Committee; they founded Hyde Insurance Company, which sold $39.9 million in bonds to finance the plan. And Buchanan went on to work in public relations for Asheville Contracting. One of the Defense Association's arguments was the highway's proximity to Zealandia, the estate of Philip Henry, whose Tudor mansion was covered by the 1966 National Historic Preservation Act. However, when the mansion was named to the National Register of Historic Places on March 14, 1977, the destruction of the mountain had started.
In 1971, NC 191 was extended along part of the unsigned freeway from Haywood Street to Brevard Road. On November 1, 1980, Interstate 240 was officially established on the western half of the freeway, from I-40 to Charlotte Street; NC 191 was rerouted north along Brevard Road to its current terminus at Haywood Street. By 1982, I-240 was extended through the Beaucatcher Cut onto new freeway east to I-40. In 1995, all of I-240 was named the Billy Graham Freeway.
In 1989, the North Carolina General Assembly approved a plan for urban loops around the state's major cities. Included in this plan was a bypass for Asheville, which included an "I-26 Connector" to link two sections of Interstate 26, one ending south of Asheville, and the other north of the city designated "Future 26". $14.2 million was spent on the controversial plan but in 2010, the I-26 Connector was demoted to last among 21 urban loop projects. Improvements to Interstate 240 are scheduled for 2020.
On April 5, 2012, the North Carolina Board of Transportation voted unanimously to rename the Smoky Park Bridge for Capt. Jeffrey Bowen, an Asheville firefighter who died in July 2011 fighting a fire. The board's policy traditionally prohibited naming state roads and bridges for firefighters, but numerous protests of the state's March decision led to the change. North Carolina Department of Transportation statistics show the eight-lane bridge to be the most traveled section of highway in Western North Carolina, with 99,000 vehicles a day.
As part of the I-26 Connector, in 2016 both state and federal agencies chose Alternative 4B, which will convert Patton Avenue along Bowen Bridge to local traffic and reroute I-240 along I-26 further north. In addition, the I-26/I-240/I-40 interchange, will be reconfigured to include missing ramp connects and a widening of I-40 through the area. The approximately 7-mile (11 km) project will begin right-of-way acquisition in 2019, with construction on all three sections in 2021.
|0.0||0.0||—||I‑26 east / US 74 east – Hendersonville, Spartanburg||Continuation as I-26 / US 74|
Future I‑26 begin / I‑40 west / US 74 west – Canton, Knoxville
|East end of Future I-26 overlap|
|1.0||1.6||1B||NC 191 (Brevard Road) to I‑40 east|
|1.4||2.3||1C||Amboy Road||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
US 19 Bus. / US 23 Bus. south (Haywood Road) – West Asheville
|South end of US 19 Bus. / US 23 Bus. overlap|
|3.0||4.8||3A|| US 19 / US 23 south / US 74A west (Patton Avenue)
US 19 Bus. / US 23 Bus. end
|South end of US 19 / US 23 and west end of US 74A overlap
North end of US 19 Bus. / US 23 Bus. overlap
|3.1||5.0||3B||Westgate / Resort Drive|
Future I‑26 west / US 19 north / US 23 north / US 70 west – Weaverville, Woodfin, Johnson City
|West end of Future I-26 / US 70 and north end of US 19 / US 23 overlap; to UNC Asheville|
|3.8||6.1||4B||Patton Avenue – Downtown||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|4.3||6.9||4C||Montford Avenue / Haywood Street|
|4.8||7.7||5A||US 25 (Merrimon Avenue)|
|5.1||8.2||5B||US 70 east / US 74A east (Charlotte Street) to NC 694||East end of US 70 / US 74A overlap|
|6.2||10.0||6||Tunnel Road / Chunns Cove Road|
|7.0||11.3||7||US 70 (Tunnel Road)||Three-level diamond interchange, to Asheville Mall|
|8.5||13.7||8||US 74A west (Fairview Road) to NC 81||West end of US 74A overlap|
|9.1||14.6||9||I‑40 – Statesville, Knoxville|
|—||US 74A east (Charlotte Highway) – Bat Cave||Continuation as US 74A, to Blue Ridge Parkway|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- "Route Log - Auxiliary Routes of the Eisenhower National System Of Interstate and Defense Highways - Table 2". Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- "Asheville's I-26 Connector project deemed high-cost, low benefit". Retrieved 2011-03-30.
- "Kurmi - I-240". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- "Interstate-Guide: Interstate 240 North Carolina". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- "NCRoads.com: U.S. 19". Retrieved July 4, 2013.
- "I-240/I-26 Bridges Set to Be Replaced," Asheville Citizen-Times, Sept. 18, 2012, p. B1.
- Mark Barrett, "Smoky Park Bridge could be renamed for Asheville firefighter," Asheville Citizen-Times, Dec. 28, 2011.
- Rob Neufeld, "Visiting Our Past: I-240 Passage Reminds Us How Great Things Were Done," Asheville Citizen-Times, April 1, 2009.
- Rob Neufeld, "Visiting Our Past: Mountain's Majesty Yielded to Transportation Necessity," Asheville Citizen-Times, April 8, 2009.
- Rob Neufeld, "Portraits of the Past," Asheville Citizen-Times, April 4, 2014, p. 1D. The four-mile project was completed October 31, 1980.
- Neufeld, Rob (October 30, 2016). "Visiting Our Past: Marking Asheville's anniversaries". Asheville Citizen-Times. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
- "I-240 (1980-11-01)" (PDF). North Carolina Department of Transportation. November 1, 1980. Retrieved July 4, 2013.
- Mark Barrett, "Hewitt bridge south of Asheville still important to his family," Asheville Citizen-Times, April 1, 2012.
- Boyle, John (November 3, 2013). "Asheville police officer's death highlights dangers of Bowen Bridge". Asheville Citizen-Times.
- Mark Barrett, "Asheville firefighter's name to go on Smoky Park Bridge," Asheville Citizen-Times, April 6, 2012.
- "Our view: Bowen Bridge design decision a welcome move". Asheville Citizen-Times. May 26, 2016.
- Barrett, Mark (May 19, 2016). "Connector route taking traffic off Bowen Bridge picked". Asheville Citizen-Times. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
- "I-26 Connector, Asheville, NC". Project Details. North Carolina Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 14, 2013.
- "I-26 Connector Visualization". North Carolina Department of Transportation. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
- Google (2012-07-31). "I-240" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2012-07-31.
- Media related to Interstate 240 (North Carolina) at Wikimedia Commons