Interstate 295 (Maine)

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Interstate 295 marker

Interstate 295
Richard A. Coleman Highway
I-295 highlighted in red
Route information
Auxiliary route of I-95
Maintained by MaineDOT
Length53.11 mi[1] (85.47 km)
Existed1960[citation needed]–present
Major junctions
South end I-95 / Maine Turnpike in Scarborough
 
North end I-95 / Maine Turnpike in West Gardiner
Location
CountiesCumberland, Sagadahoc, Kennebec
Highway system
SR 238US 302

Interstate 295 (I-295) is a 53.11-mile (85.47 km)-long auxiliary Interstate Highway in the U.S. state of Maine from I-95 in Scarborough to I-95 in West Gardiner. The highway was designated the Richard A. Coleman Highway in 2015 by the Maine Legislature. The highway serves as a bypass of Lewiston-Auburn and serves the Greater Portland area. It takes a more direct route between Portland and Augusta, the state capital, than its parent I-95. It also is toll-free, unlike I-95, which carries the tolled Maine Turnpike.

Route description[edit]

Interstate 295 branches off from exit 44 of Interstate 95 (Maine Turnpike) providing access to downtown Portland, Maine, and then generally follows the Atlantic coast and Kennebec River until it merges back into I-95 in West Gardiner 52 miles (84 km) to the north at exit 103.

Northbound in Portland

After splitting from I-95, I-295 has a toll plaza just before its own exit 1. I-295's first exit is in South Portland, giving access to the Maine Mall (southbound) and South Portland and Scarborough (northbound). At exit 4, US 1 joins I-295, and the two highways run concurrently for the next 4 miles (6.4 km). After crossing the Fore River, the highway passes through Downtown Portland, which can be accessed via exits 4 through 8. North of the downtown area, I-295 crosses the Tukey's Bridge over the Back Cove, after which US 1 departs at exit 9. Running parallel with US 1, I-295 meets the eastern terminus of Falmouth Spur at exit 11 in the town of Falmouth, with a southbound exit and northbound entrance. After passing through Yarmouth and Freeport, exit 28 provides access to the town of Brunswick, where US 1 turns east away from I-295. Continuing north, the highway's last exit is exit 51, which gives access to Gardiner. After a toll plaza, I-295 merges back with I-95, which heads north towards Augusta. As an Interstate Highway, all of I-295 is included in the National Highway System, a network of roads important to the country's economy, defense, and mobility.[2]

History[edit]

1960 to 2004[edit]

  • 1960. Tukey's Bridge completed, named for Lemuel Tukey, a tavern owner and toll collector for the Back Cove Bridge in the late 18th Century.
  • 1961. Falmouth Spur of the Maine Turnpike to Yarmouth opens
  • 1971. Additional urban sections open through Portland
  • 1973. I-295 through Brunswick to Topsham opens
  • 1974. From the Maine Turnpike in Scarborough to South Portland opens
  • 1977. From Topsham to Gardiner opens.
  • 2004. The length from Scarborough to Gardiner becomes entirely I-295 and the Maine Turnpike from Portland to Augusta becomes I-95.

[3]

2004 extension[edit]

In 2004, to clear up confusion, I-95 was re-designated to continue along the Maine Turnpike for its entire length. I-295 was extended past the Falmouth Spur as a redesignation of I-95, to where it merges back into the Turnpike in West Gardiner 42 miles (68 km) to the north. The 4-mile (6.4 km) long Falmouth Spur officially became I-495 but was left unsigned.[4]

At the same time, the exits were re-numbered; previously they had been numbered more or less sequentially from south to north—there were skipped numbers, for example, there was no Exit 23. After the changes the exits re-numbered to mile-log in relation to the Scarborough junction, except for the exits in Portland and South Portland, which remained the same. Exits on Maine's I-95 were similarly re-numbered based on mileage.

Speed limits[edit]

The speed limit on Interstate 295 on the section past Tukey's Bridge to mile 51 in Gardiner was raised from 65 to 70 mph (105 to 113 km/h) on May 27, 2014. This occurred as the result of a new law passed in 2013 by the Maine Legislature allowing the Maine Department of Transportation to set speed limits on Interstate highways with the approval of the Maine State Police, instead of appealing to the Legislature.[5] The speed limit was reverted from 70 to 65 mph (113 to 105 km/h) for a length of 22 miles (35 km) from the section past Tukey's Bridge to Topsham on March 27, 2017.[6]

Naming[edit]

In 2015, the Maine Legislature unanimously voted to name the highway's entire length for Richard A. Coleman, a Maine Department of Transportation employee since 1956, who has been involved with many Maine transportation projects. He was involved in projects ranging from Maine's interstates to the Penobscot Narrows Bridge and Observatory. Coleman declined comment on the naming, only telling the Kennebec Journal that while the naming is humbling, he found it uncomfortable. Maine Sen. Roger Katz, the sponsor of the bill, said "Very few people have heard of Dick Coleman, but as he drives around the state, he must feel a great deal of pride looking at his decades of work."[7]

Emergency routes[edit]

In 2019, MaineDOT began signing emergency routes along roads near I-295. The routes generally lead from one exit to the next exit and are meant to be used when sections of the highway must be closed due to an accident or other disruption. In such an event, electronic signs will be activated and flaggers deployed to direct drivers to use the appropriate emergency route to lead them around the closure and maintain traffic flow. Northbound routes are designated with a single letter, while southbound routes are designated with double letters. This system was first used when a section of highway was closed due to the death of a Maine State Trooper in an accident.[8]

Exit list[edit]

CountyLocation[9]mi[9]kmOld exitNew exitDestinationsNotes
CumberlandScarborough0.000.00 I-95 south / Maine Turnpike south – KitteryExit 44 on Maine Turnpike
0.550.89Toll plaza
South Portland1.262.031 To US 1 – South PortlandNorthbound signage; northbound exit only
To I-95 / Maine Turnpike / Maine Mall RoadSouthbound signage; southbound exit and northbound entrance
1.993.202 To US 1 south (Scarborough Connector) – Scarborough, Old Orchard BeachSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
2.163.483 SR 9 (Westbrook Street) – JetportSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
3.195.134Casco Bay Drive – Portland WaterfrontNorthbound signage; US 1 removed from Casco Bay Drive in May 2007
US 1 south (Main Street)Southbound signage; southern end of concurrency with US 1
South PortlandPortland line3.705.95Fore River
Portland4.467.185 SR 22 / US 1A (Congress Street)Signed as Exits 5A (east) and 5B (west) southbound
5.358.616A SR 100 south (Forest Avenue)US 1 removed from Forest Avenue in May 2007
6B SR 100 north (Forest Avenue) / US 302 west
5.899.487 US 1A (Franklin Street)
6.5710.578 SR 26 south (Washington Avenue)Southbound signage; southbound exit and northbound entrance; southern end of concurrency with SR 26
6.610.6Tukey's Bridge over Back Cove
6.7310.838 SR 26 north (Washington Avenue)Northbound signage; northbound exit and southbound entrance; northern end of concurrency with SR 26
6.9711.229 US 1 south / SR 26 north (Washington Avenue) / Baxter BoulevardSouthbound signage; southbound exit and northbound entrance; US 1 removed from Baxter Boulevard in May 2007
7.1211.469 US 1 north – Falmouth ForesideNorthbound signage; northbound exit and southbound entrance; northern end of concurrency with US 1
Falmouth9.4515.21Ryan Quirion Guthrie Bridge over the Presumpscot River
10.6217.0910 To I-95 / Maine Turnpike / US 1 / SR 9 / Bucknam Road – Falmouth, CumberlandI-95 and Cumberland only appear on northbound signage
11.0017.701511 I-95 / Maine Turnpike – New Hampshire, MassachusettsSouthbound exit and northbound entrance; former northern terminus; access via Falmouth Spur (formerly I-95)
Yarmouth15.2424.531615 US 1 – Yarmouth, CumberlandNorthbound entrance added August 2013
16.3526.31Royal River
17.2427.7517 US 1 – Yarmouth, FreeportFreeport only appears on northbound signage
YarmouthFreeport line17.9828.94Cousins River
Freeport20.6533.231920 To US 1 / Desert Road – FreeportUS 1 only appears on southbound signage
22.2535.812022 SR 125 (Mallet Drive) / SR 136 – Freeport, Durham
23.7038.142124 US 1 – FreeportNorthbound exit and entrance
Brunswick28.3845.672228 US 1 (Coastal Route) – Brunswick, Bath
CumberlandSagadahoc
county line
BrunswickTopsham line30.0248.31Androscoggin River
SagadahocTopsham31.0449.9524A31A SR 196 east – Topsham, BrunswickSigned as Exit 31 northbound; Brunswick and Lewiston only appear on southbound signage; access to Bates College
24B31B SR 196 west (Lewiston Road) – Lisbon, Lewiston
Bowdoinham37.1059.712537 SR 125 / SR 138 – Bowdoinham, Bowdoin
Richmond43.4769.962643 SR 197 – Richmond, Litchfield
KennebecGardiner49.2979.322749 US 201 – Gardiner
GardinerWest Gardiner line50.2980.93Cobbosseecontee Stream
West Gardiner51.4882.852851 SR 9 / SR 126 – Litchfield, Gardiner I-95 south / Maine Turnpike south and a Turnpike service plaza accessible from this exit
51.7083.20Toll plaza
52.2784.12 I-95 north / Maine Turnpike north – Augusta, WatervilleExit 103 on Maine Turnpike
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ Floodgap Roadgap's RoadsAroundME Archived 2011-06-12 at Archive.today
  2. ^ Natzke, Stefan; Neathery, Mike & Adderly, Kevin (September 26, 2012). "What is the National Highway System?". National Highway System. Federal Highway Administration. Archived from the original on August 28, 2012. Retrieved January 1, 2013.
  3. ^ Interstate I-95 Redesignation & Re-numbering Information http://www.state.me.us/mdot/maines-transportation-systems/I-95-redesignation.php, Maine Department of Transportation.
  4. ^ "It's Time to Clear Up the confusion: Maine Interstate Re-designation 2004" (PDF). MaineDOT. May 20, 2003. Retrieved 2008-07-18.
  5. ^ Koeing, Paul (May 27, 2014). "Speed limit increasing by 5 mph on parts of I-295, I-95". Kennebec Journal. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
  6. ^ http://www.pressherald.com/2017/03/26/speed-limit-drops-monday-on-stretch-of-i-295/
  7. ^ Koeing, Paul (April 20, 2015). "Interstate 295 to be named after Augusta resident, longtime transportation worker". Kennebec Journal. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
  8. ^ Eesha Pendharkar (September 4, 2019). "Those emergency route signs around town? They come with specific instructions". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved September 22, 2019.
  9. ^ a b "MaineDOT Public Map Viewer". Maine Department of Transportation. Retrieved April 8, 2017.

External links[edit]

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata