Interstate 495 (Massachusetts)
|Blue Star Memorial Highway|
|Auxiliary route of I-95|
|Maintained by MassDOT|
|Length||120.74 mi (194.31 km)|
|South end||I-195 / Route 25 in Wareham|
|North end||I-95 in Salisbury|
|Counties||Plymouth, Bristol, Norfolk, Worcester, Middlesex, Essex|
Interstate 495 (I-495) is an auxiliary route of I-95 in the U.S. state of Massachusetts, maintained by the Massachusetts Department of Transportation (MassDOT). Spanning 120.74 miles (194.31 km), it is the second-longest auxiliary route in the Interstate Highway System, ranking behind I-476 in Pennsylvania by a difference of roughly 11 miles (18 km).
Serving as one of two beltways (the other being Route 128) that forms a semicircle around Boston, and being the "outer" beltway, I-495 has its northern terminus in Salisbury, where it splits from I-95. Its route forms an arc with an approximately 30-mile (48 km) radius around the city, and intersects seven additional radial expressways: I-93, U.S. Route 3 (US-3), Route 2, I-290, I-90 (the Massachusetts Turnpike), Route 24, and I-95 once more. I-495 has its southern terminus in Wareham, at the meeting of I-195 and Route 25. Originally, the stretch from Route 24 to I-195 was signed as Route 25, that status now only begins east of I-195.
I-495 and areas to its immediate west are often regarded as the inner ring of Greater Boston. The freeway's northern segment parallels the New Hampshire border, at one point coming as close as 400 feet (120 m) to the boundary, and its southern end is roughly 10 miles (16 km) north of Cape Cod. West of I-495 is the Worcester area and Central Massachusetts. I-495 is a heavily travelled route serving communities in Plymouth, Bristol, Norfolk, Worcester, Essex, and Middlesex counties.
Interstate 495 begins as the direct continuation of Route 25 at the intersection with Interstate 195 in West Wareham. It starts as a two-lane highway in both directions. It gets the third lane during the interchange with Route 24. The junction includes the unusual transition of shrinking from the six-lane Route 25 to the four-lane interstate, due to the third lane of Route 25 joining to and from I-195. The road heads roughly northwest, passing through the towns of Rochester and Middleborough (where the road meets U.S. Route 44) as a four-lane highway before entering Bristol County, crossing the Taunton River at Raynham. There, it becomes a six-lane highway just southeast of the Route 24 interchange (which is actually in neighboring Bridgewater).
The road continues northwest through Taunton and Norton before entering Mansfield, where there is a short collector-distributor road concurrency with Route 140. Interstate 495 makes its southern junction with its parent route, Interstate 95 on the border between Mansfield in Bristol County and Foxborough in Norfolk County. The road continues through Plainville (where there is a junction with U.S. Route 1, a popular exit for those heading to Gillette Stadium and Ledgeview Way) and Wrentham (where the Wrentham Village Premium Outlets lie beside the highway at Route 1A). The highway comes within 2 miles (3.2 km) of the Rhode Island state line before turning in a more northerly direction through Franklin and Bellingham.
Interstate 495 passes through Milford, Medway and Hopkinton (where the junction with the Massachusetts Turnpike, or Interstate 90, is located), Westborough (where the road meets Route 9). Southborough, Marlborough (where the road meets U.S. Route 20 and Interstate 290), Hudson, Berlin, Bolton (where the road finally begins to turn northeasterly) and Harvard.
Continuing to turn to a more easterly direction, the road passes through Boxborough, Littleton (where there is an intersection with Route 2), Westford and Chelmsford. At the Chelmsford-Lowell line lies the intersection with U.S. Route 3 and the Lowell Connector (formerly Business Spur 495). The road continues through Lowell and Tewksbury before entering Essex County at Andover, directly at exit 39.
In Andover, the road has a junction with Interstate 93. It then enters the city of Lawrence, where the road turns due north, crossing the Shawsheen River into North Andover before crossing the Merrimack River at the O'Reilly Bridge back into Lawrence. It then heads into Methuen, where the road turns back to a northeasterly route after the junction with the Loop Connector (Rte. 213). The road heads into Haverhill, crossing the Merrimack twice more at a bend in the Bradford section of town. It passes north of downtown Haverhill, coming within 150 yards of the New Hampshire state line, the closest the road comes to leaving the state. Interstate 495 then passes through the towns of Merrimac and Amesbury before entering Salisbury where it immediately meets Interstate 95 and ends approximately 1.5 miles (2.4 km) south of where that interstate enters New Hampshire.
Throughout its path, the road passes closely to several existing state highways. From Wareham through to the Middleborough Rotary, it parallels Route 28. For much of the stretch between Norton and Milford, the road is within a few miles of Route 140, with two junctions of that highway in Mansfield and Franklin. From Milford to Bolton, the road passes just west of Route 85. Much of the northern third of the route also roughly parallels Massachusetts Route 110.
As early as the late 1940s, a plan was developing for an "outer circumferential highway" around Boston, a limited-access freeway meant to have an approximate 30 mile (49 km) radius from the Boston city center. A portion of this new "outer circumferential highway" southeast of the US Route 1 junction in Foxborough was meant to be a "relocation" of the existing MA Route 28, which was quickly changed in 1947 to a new designation of Route 25 as a full-length freeway from MA 24 expwy in Raynham to Wareham. The section of I-495 between MA 24 in Raynham and I-95 at the Foxborough/Mansfield line was not constructed until the late seventies with construction beginning at I-95 in 1976 and reaching the MA 25/MA 24 interchange in 1982. (Prior to 1982 I-495 ended at I-95, the section from Raynham to Wareham was just signed as MA 25). MA 25 was constructed in stages from the late 1950s to the late 1960s.
In 2014, a new ITS system was installed to help commuters and the state better understand the traffic congestion on I-495. Some improvements expected to come to I-495 in the next few years include a project that will install fiber optic cable, traffic cameras and VMS Signs on I-495 from I-90 (Hopkinton) to I-93 (Andover).
In 2015, the state pledged $165–285 million for improvements to the Interstate 495-Massachusetts Turnpike intersection, and is considering three different plans. The work is expected to begin in 2021 and be completed in 2025. Improvements to the 495-Route 9 intersection will commence at the same duration, with a different budget.
Interchanges were to be renumbered to mileage-based numbers under a project scheduled to start in 2016, however this project was indefinitely postponed by MassDOT until November 18, 2019, when MassDot confirmed that, beginning in late summer 2020, the exit renumbering project would start. On May 7, 2021, MassDOT announced that I-495 exit numbers will get renumbered starting on or after May 16th, and it will last for approximately 5 weeks. It is broken down to four sections:
- Segment 1: between MA Route 28 and I-95 (old exits 3-13)
- Segment 2: between I-95 and I-90 (old exits 14-22)
- Segment 3: between I-90 and US Route 3 (old exits 23-35)
- Segment 4: between US Route 3 and junction MA Route 110/I-95 (old exits 37-55)
|County||Location||mi||km||Old exit||New exit||Destinations||Notes|
|Plymouth||Wareham||0.000||0.000||-||-||Route 25 east – Cape Cod||Western terminus of Route 25; Blue Star Memorial Highway continues east|
|0.012||0.019||-||1||I-195 west – Wareham, New Bedford, Providence, RI||Eastern terminus of I-195; exit 40B on I-195; Signed as New Bedford, Providence, RI NB; trumpet interchange.|
|2.487||4.002||-||2||Route 58 north – Carver, Plymouth||No signage for Route 58 south, which ends at Route 28, 0.45 miles (720 m) to the south|
|Middleborough||7.600||12.231||3||8||Route 28 – Rock Village, South Middleboro|
|12.068||19.422||4||12||Route 105 – Middleboro Center, Lakeville|
|14.304||23.020||5||14||Route 18 / US 44 east – Bridgewater, Plymouth, Lakeville, New Bedford||US 44 only appears on northbound signage|
|14.722||23.693||6||15||US 44 – Middleboro, Plymouth, Taunton, Providence, RI|
|Bridgewater||18.962||30.516||7A||19A||Route 24 north – Boston||Exits 22A-B on Route 24|
|19.200||30.899||7B||19B||Route 24 south – Fall River|
|Bristol||Raynham||21.681||34.892||8||22||Route 138 – Stoughton, Taunton|
|Taunton||24.508||39.442||9||25||Bay Street – Taunton, Easton|
Route 123 to Route 140 south – Norton, Easton
|No southbound signage for Route 140|
|Mansfield||29.875||48.079||11||30||Route 140 south – Norton||No northbound exit|
|29.913||48.140||12||31||Route 140 north – Mansfield|
|32.859||52.881||13A||33A||I-95 north – Boston||Exits 12A-B on I-95|
|Norfolk||Foxborough||32.935||53.004||13B||33B||I-95 south – Providence, RI|
|Plainville||35.554||57.219||14A||36A||US 1 north – Wrentham||Access to Gillette Stadium and Patriot Place|
|35.605||57.301||14B||36B||US 1 south – North Attleboro|
|Wrentham||37.565||60.455||15||38||Route 1A – Wrentham, Plainville|
|Franklin||40.954||65.909||16||41||King Street – Franklin, Woonsocket, RI|
|43.183||69.496||17||43||Route 140 – Franklin, Bellingham|
|Bellingham||45.820||73.740||18||46||Route 126 – Medway, Bellingham|
|Worcester||Milford||48.318||77.760||19||48||Route 109 – Milford, Medway||To Route 16|
|50.245||80.861||20||50||Route 85 – Milford, Hopkinton|
|Middlesex||Hopkinton||54.151||87.148||21||54||W. Main Street – Hopkinton, Upton||Signed as exits 54A (east) and 54B (west)|
|Hopkinton–Westborough line||57.928||93.226||22||58||I-90 / Mass Pike – Boston, Albany, NY||Exit 106 on I-90|
|Worcester||Westborough||59.414||95.618||23A||59A||Route 9 east – Framingham|
|59.472||95.711||23B||59B||Route 9 west – Worcester|
|Westborough–Marlborough line||61.758||99.390||23C||62||Simarano Drive – Marlboro, Southboro||Interchange constructed in 2000|
|Middlesex||Marlborough||63.155||101.638||24||63||US 20 – Marlboro, Northboro||Split into exits 63A (east) and 63B (west)|
|64.895||104.438||25A||65A||Route 85 – Hudson, Marlboro||Access to Route 85 via unsigned Route 85 Connector|
|64.951||104.529||25B||65B||I-290 west – Worcester||Eastern terminus of I-290; exits 26A-B on I-290|
|Worcester||Berlin||67.314||108.331||26||67||Route 62 – Berlin, Hudson|
|Bolton||70.006||112.664||27||70||Route 117 – Bolton, Stow|
|Middlesex||Boxborough||74.652||120.141||28||75||Route 111 – Boxboro, Harvard|
|Littleton||77.641||124.951||29||78||Route 2 – Boston, Leominster||Split into exits 78A (east) and 78B (west); exits 113A-B on Route 2|
|79.176||127.421||30||79||Route 2A / Route 110 – Littleton, Ayer|
|80.209||129.084||31||80||Route 119 – Groton, Acton|
|Westford||83.297||134.054||32||83||Boston Road – Westford||To Route 225|
|Chelmsford||87.328||140.541||33||87||Route 4 – North Chelmsford||Northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|88.175||141.904||34||88||Route 4 / Route 110 – Chelmsford, Lowell||No signage for Route 4 northbound|
|89.143||143.462||35A||89A||US 3 south – Burlington, Logan Airport||Access via C/D lanes; exits 81A-B on US 3 north|
|35B||89B||US 3 north – Nashua, NH||Access to and from C/D lanes; exits 81B-A on US 3 south|
|Lowell||89.425||143.916||35C||89C||Lowell Connector||Formerly exit 36; access via C/D lanes; exits 2A and 1B on Lowell Conn.|
|91.192||146.759||37||91||Woburn Street – South Lowell, North Billerica|
|Tewksbury||92.284||148.517||38||92||Route 38 – Lowell, Tewksbury|
|Tewksbury–Andover line||94.613||152.265||39||94||Route 133 – Tewksbury, Andover||Southbound off-ramp begins in Essex County|
|Essex||Andover||97.000||156.106||40A||97A||I-93 south – Boston||Exits 40A-B on I-93|
|97.045||156.179||40B||97B||I-93 north – Concord, NH|
|99.411||159.986||41||99||Route 28 – Lawrence, Andover||Split into exits 99A (south) and 99B (north) northbound|
|Lawrence||100.149||161.174||42||100||Route 114 – North Andover, South Lawrence||Split into exits 100A (east) and 100B (west)|
|North Andover||100.953||162.468||43||101||Massachusetts Avenue – North Andover||Southbound access from C/D lanes originating at Marston St. exit|
|North Andover–Lawrence line||101.370–|
|44||102||Merrimack Street||Access via C/D lanes; NB ramp exits onto SB C/D lanes to Merrimack St.; NB entrance includes direct entrance from Sutton Street|
Marston Street north – Methuen
|Northbound signage; accessible to and from C/D lanes|
Southbound signage; accessible to and from C/D lanes
|45B||103B||Marston Street south – Lawrence||Access to and from C/D lanes|
|Methuen||103.121||165.957||46||104||Route 110 (Merrimack Street) – Pleasant Valley|
Route 213 (Loop Connector) to I-93 north – Methuen, Salem NH
|Exit 5 on Route 213; eastern terminus of Rte. 213|
To Route 125 – Ward Hill, Bradford
|Access via Industrial Avenue|
|106.624||171.595||49||107||Route 110 / Route 113 (River Street)|
|107.303||172.687||50||108||Route 97 – Haverhill, Salem, NH|
|108.997||175.414||51||109||Route 125 – Haverhill, Plaistow, NH||Split into exits 109A (south) and 109B (north)|
|111.182||178.930||52||111||Route 110 – Haverhill, Merrimac|
|Merrimac||114.894||184.904||53||115||Broad Street – Merrimac, Merrimacport|
|Amesbury||117.854||189.668||54||118||Route 150 – Amesbury|
Route 110 east to I-95 south – Salisbury, Boston
|Northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|Salisbury||120.95||194.65||-||-||I-95 north – Portsmouth, NH||Northern terminus; exit 89 on I-95; access to I-95 south via Route 110|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- Executive Office of Transportation - Office of Transportation Planning Roads GIS Data
- Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission Archived 2012-02-13 at the Wayback Machine, November 1, 1996.
- "Interstate 476, pahighways.com". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- Shortest and Longest 3-digit interstates, kurumi.com. Note the discrepancy between the mileage listed on kurumi.com and the actual mileage indicated by the exit list from Interstate 476. Google Maps lists the distance as 130 miles (210 km).
- BostonRoads.com, Outer Circumferential Highway: Historical Overview Retrieved Jan. 24, 2010[self-published source?]
- "Outer Circumferential Highway - Historic Overview - An Outer Loop For Eastern Massachusetts". bostonroads.com. Steve Anderson's Boston Roads website. 2015. Retrieved March 27, 2017.
- MassDOT (April 2014). "A 2014 Synthesis; the Status of Intelligent Transportation Systems Deployment" (PDF). Massachusetts Department of Transportation. Retrieved January 6, 2016.
- Worcester Telegram (March 29, 2015). "State outlines improvements to congested I-495-Mass Pike interchange". telegram.com/. Worcester Telegram & Gazette. Retrieved January 6, 2016.
- MassDOT (November 7, 2012). "Interstate 495/Route 9 Interchange Improvement Study". Massachusetts Department of Transportation. Retrieved January 6, 2016.
- Commonwealth of Massachusetts (2015). "COMMBUYS - Bid Solicitation FAP# HSIP-002S(874) Exit Signage Conversion to Milepost-Based Numbering System along Various Interstates, Routes and the Lowell Connector". Retrieved January 6, 2016.
- Robert H. Malme (2017). "Massachusetts Interstate Highways Exit Lists". Retrieved January 18, 2017.
- MassDOT Planning Division. "Massachusetts Route Log Application". Massachusetts Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 21, 2014.
- Massachusetts Department of Transportation. "Exit Numbers and Names: Route I-495 (Wareham to Salisbury)". Retrieved August 21, 2014.
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