Interstate 695 (District of Columbia)
I-695 highlighted in red
|Maintained by DDOT|
|Length||1.39 mi (2.24 km)|
|West end||I-395 in Washington, DC|
|East end||I-295 / DC 295 in Washington, DC|
Interstate 695 (I-695) is a 2-mile-long (3.2 km) auxiliary Interstate Highway in Washington, D.C.. It is also known as the Southeast Freeway. It travels from an interchange with I-395 south of the United States Capitol building east then south across the 11th Street Bridges to an intersection with I-295 and District of Columbia Route 295 (DC 295) in Anacostia.
Access also exists from eastbound I-695 to Pennsylvania Avenue at Barney Circle, just northwest of the John Philip Sousa Bridge. Stub ramps at Pennsylvania Avenue, once meant to continue the freeway (as part of I-295) to I-95 and U.S. Route 50 northeast of Union Station, now provide access to Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium.
Though the I-695 designation has existed since near the birth of the Interstate Highway System, the route was only signed in late 2011 along with the 11th Street Bridges reconstruction project.
Interstate 695 begins at an interchange with Interstate 395, following through the densely populated areas of Washington, D.C. The road comes to an interchange with South Capitol Street, providing access to the Nationals Park baseball stadium. It then continues east, passing over 6th Street SE. The interstate comes to another interchange, providing access to I-395 north (westbound only) and 11th Street and Southeast Boulevard (eastbound). It then proceeds to cross the 11th Street Bridges over the Anacostia River before reaching its terminus at Interstate 295 and Route 295.
Plans from 1955 (numbered in 1958) took I-95 through Washington on what is now I-395, turning east at US 50 and leaving along the Baltimore–Washington Parkway. I-295 was to travel along its current route to south of the 11th Street Bridges, but then would have continued northeast along DC 295, ending at I-95 just outside the District. I-695 was to travel from I-295 over the 11th Street Bridges, turning west on what is now I-695 to end at I-95 (now I-395).
Soon—possibly by 1958, when numbers were assigned—I-95 between Baltimore and Washington was shifted to a new alignment, splitting from the US 50 corridor northeast of Union Station. I-295 was shifted to cross the 11th Street Bridges, and then turn east in the median of present I-695 (where the ramps to RFK Stadium now lie), continuing north and northwest to end at I-95 and US 50 at their split. I-695 would be the short section of freeway between I-95 and I-295, and ramps on both sides of the East Capitol Street Bridge would provide a freeway-to-freeway connection between I-695 and DC 295 (via I-295).
By 1971, an extension was added to the planned I-695. It would travel concurrent with I-95 west to Maine Avenue, where it would split (the existing interchange provides for freeway-to-freeway ramps) and run northwest along Independence Avenue past the Lincoln Memorial to end at I-66, at the east end of the Theodore Roosevelt Bridge (that interchange also has the appropriate ramps).
The Southeast Freeway, including the section planned as I-295 to Pennsylvania Avenue, was built in the late 1960s. Plans for the remaining Interstates in Washington were canceled in 1977 after much opposition, and I-295 was later truncated to I-695, with the former I-295 stub to Pennsylvania Avenue renumbered as part of I-695.
In the 1990s, the Barney Circle Freeway was planned to travel from the east end of I-695 across the Anacostia River to DC 295. This would have filled a hole in Washington's freeway system, which had no connection between I-395 and DC 295. (This would have been provided by I-295 and the Whitney Young Memorial Bridge.) After the Barney Circle Freeway plan was canceled in 1996, a left-turn movement was added at the interchange between Pennsylvania Avenue and DC 295, allowing traffic coming from I-695 to cross the Anacostia on Pennsylvania Avenue and join DC 295 directly, albeit passing through two traffic signals. However, no ramp was provided from DC 295 south to Pennsylvania Avenue west, and so traffic from DC 295 south to I-395 south needed to cross the Anacostia on South Capitol Street.
That decommissioning was foretold in April 2003, when the DC Office of Planning stated that "the elevated Southeast Freeway and industrial landscape create formidable psychological barriers" between the surrounding neighborhoods. In October 2008, the freeway was named one of ten U.S. "Freeways Without Futures" by Congress for the New Urbanism.
In December 2009, construction began on replacement of the 11th Street Bridges and their interchange with I-295/DC 295, including ramps which now allow for highway-only travel between DC 295, I-295, and I-395 in all directions. The renderings for that project also show a deletion of the connections between the bridge and I-695 east, indicating that the stretch of the Southeast Freeway between 11th St SE and Pennsylvania Avenue would soon be decommissioned and replaced by an at-grade boulevard with traffic signals. In 2011, as a part of the project, I-695 was signed along the Southeast Freeway.
Prior to the 11th Street Bridge Project, the unsigned I-695 did not cross the bridges and terminated north of the Anacostia River. New signage installed by the District Department of Transportation in 2011-12 marks the first time I-695 has appeared on directional signs in the District of Columbia; some signs referring to I-695, however, still read "To I-295" along I-395, and some remaining "To I-395" signage can still be found along I-695 westbound. The new signs designate I-695 as extending from the point where I-395 branches off from the Southeast Freeway, with I-695 continuing along the Southeast Freeway and over the new 11th Street Bridge to the interchange with I-295. However, some commentators contend the new signage is confusing and that the Southeast Freeway is often confused with Baltimore's Beltway, a highway with the same route designation.
|Southwest Federal Center–|
Southwest Waterfront line
|0.00||0.00||I-395 north (3rd Street Tunnel)||Western terminus; exit 7 on I-395 south|
|—||D Street SW||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|—||I-395 south – Richmond||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; exit 5 on I-395 north|
|0.30||0.48||1A||South Capitol Street – Nationals Park||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
Navy Yard line
|0.90||1.45||1B||6th Street SE||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|1C||To I-395 north – Baltimore||Westbound exit and entrance; access to far right lanes to avoid merging traffic from 6th Street SE|
|1.50||2.41||11th Street SE / Southeast Boulevard||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance; opened July 2014|
|1.60||2.57||1D||8th Street SE||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|Navy Yard||1.80||2.90||2||M Street SE – Navy Yard||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|Anacostia River||1.90||3.06||11th Street Bridges|
|Fairlawn||2.00||3.22||2A||I-295 south to I-95 / I-495||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance; northern terminus of I-295; exit 5A on I-295|
|2B||DC 295 north to US 50||Eastern terminus; southern terminus of DC 295; exits 1B-C on DC 295|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- "Table 2: Auxiliary Routes of the Dwight D. Eisenhower National System Of Interstate and Defense Highways as of December 31, 2016". Federal Highway Administration. Archived from the original on July 3, 2017. Retrieved January 16, 2018.
- "Anacostia Waterfront Initiative Draft: Existing Conditions". Office of Planning. Archived from the original on August 21, 2007. Retrieved April 6, 2009.
- Next American City » Buzz » The Fallacy of Freeways
- "Anacostia Waterfront Initiative" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on February 1, 2016.
- DeBonis, Mike (November 28, 2011). "Interstate 695 reappears in D.C." The Washington Post. Retrieved December 8, 2011.
- Thomson, Robert (January 9, 2012). "D.C.'s new 11th St. Bridge opening in phases". The Washington Post.
- Thomson, Robert (22 August 2012). "'I-695' is still an unfamiliar sign on D.C. highways". The Washington Post. Retrieved 13 September 2014.
- 11th Street Bridge Project: Eastbound I-695 Exit to 11th Street SE. Southeast, Washington, D.C.: DDOT. 2014. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
- "Clinched Highway Mapping". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- Google (December 26, 2013). "Interstate 695" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved December 26, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Interstate 695 (District of Columbia).|