|Maintained by MoDOT and IDOT|
|Length||179.29 mi (288.54 km)|
US 36 / US 36 Bus. / US 61 (Avenue of the Saints) / Route 110 (CKC) in Hannibal, MO
|East end||Country Fair Drive in Champaign, IL|
IL: Pike, Scott, Morgan, Sangamon, Macon, Piatt, Champaign
Interstate 72 (I-72) is an Interstate Highway in the midwestern United States. Its western terminus is in Hannibal, Missouri, at an intersection with U.S. Route 61 (US 61); its eastern terminus is at Country Fair Drive in Champaign, Illinois. The route runs through the major cities of Decatur, Illinois, and Springfield, Illinois. In 2006, the Illinois General Assembly dedicated all of I-72 as Purple Heart Memorial Highway. The stretch between Springfield and Decatur is also called Penny Severns Memorial Expressway, and the section between mile 35 and the Mississippi River is known as the Free Frank McWorter Historic Highway.
I-72 runs for just over two miles (3.2 km) in the state of Missouri. Its western terminus is an interchange with US 61 to the Mark Twain Memorial Bridge over the Mississippi River. This bridge connects the city of Hannibal with Illinois. Presently, there are only two exits for I-72 in Missouri.
I-72 parallels the old Wabash Railroad from Hannibal, east through Illinois to Champaign, Illinois. The Norfolk Southern Railway operates this railroad route today.
In Illinois, I-72 runs for 182 miles (293 km). The portion of I-72 and I-172 from Springfield to Quincy is commonly referred to as the Central Illinois Expressway (CIE). As of 2007[update], I-72 has one business route; I-72 Business (I-72 Bus.) in Jacksonville.
Near Valley City at mile-marker 42 are the Valley City Eagle Bridges. These two individual two-lane spans bridge the Illinois River in rural west-central Illinois. Near milemarker 78, a sign marks 90 degrees longitude.
At its eastern terminus in Champaign, I-72 continues as Church Street (westbound) and University Avenue (eastbound), which stay as one-way streets for an additional three miles (4.8 km) into downtown Champaign.
First constructed in 1971, I-72 ran from Springfield at I-55 to Champaign at I-57 until the 1990's. On June 9, 1991, the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) approved the establishment of I-172 from the western terminus of I-72 at Springfield to Fall Creek, four miles (6.4 km) east of Hannibal, Missouri, though it was contingent on Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) approval. The FHWA preferred to designate the route I-72.
After discussions regarding extending an Interstate Highway through the state of Missouri, on April 22, 1995, AASHTO approved another renumbering. I-172 was renumbered in its entirety as I-72. The US 36 extension west of Fall Creek was also given the I-72 designation. The Illinois Route 336 (IL 336) expressway was renumbered to I-172 from Fall Creek to Fowler.
Prior to September 2000, Mark Twain Avenue (old US 36) was composed of the current Mark Twain Avenue (now Route 79) and the portion of I-72 and US 36 west of exit 157 to the Hannibal city limits. Route 79 terminated at the foot of the old Mark Twain Memorial Bridge at the corner of Third Street and Mark Twain Avenue. Signs along the four-lane expressway portion of Mark Twain Avenue marked the route as "Future I-72", while signs along what is now Route 79 had I-72 trailblazers to direct drivers to the temporary terminus at Fall Creek, Illinois. When the new Mark Twain Memorial Bridge was completed in September 2000, I-72 was routed over the new bridge, along with US 36. Route 79 was extended along Mark Twain Avenue to terminate at exit 157.
Chicago–Kansas City Expressway
The concept of I-72 across Missouri was to create the Chicago–Kansas City Expressway, a rural four-lane highway across northern Missouri and west central Illinois from Cameron, Missouri, at I-35 to Springfield, Illinois, at I-55. This would provide a series of rural four-lane highways (I-35, US 36, I-72, and I-55) connecting Chicago to the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Corridor (High Priority Corridor 23). This would reduce the amount of through traffic, primarily truck traffic, in the St. Louis, Des Moines, and Quad Cities metropolitan areas by serving as an alternate route for I-70 and I-80. The Missouri portion of this route is designated as part of High Priority Corridor 61.
Based on the 157-mile (253 km) marker at Route 79, if/when US 36 is upgraded to Interstate standards across Missouri, the future western terminus of I-72 would be at Cameron at the intersection with I-35. Currently, the west end of I-72 route is west of US 61 and flows concurrent with US 36 into Illinois. In 2004, US 36 was upgraded to a four-lane expressway between US 61 and US 24 at the Rocket Junction (seven miles (11 km)). There are three exits along this expressway: Veterans Road, Shinn Lane (Hannibal Regional Hospital), and US 24 east at the Rocket Junction. Also, an interchange with Route 15 was installed in Shelbina.
Due to funding priorities, upgrading US 36 between Macon and Hannibal was a low-priority project and was shelved. The Missouri Department of Transportation (MoDOT) committed to constructing the four-lane highway as an at-grade expressway only if the five counties served by US 36 east of Macon would contribute half of the $100 million (equivalent to $123 million in 2021) cost. Road construction to complete the 52.4 miles (84.3 km) between Hannibal and Macon began in 2007. In August 2010, the four-lane expressway was completed from Macon to Hannibal, completing Missouri's portion of the Chicago–Kansas City Expressway.
Plans exist to extend I-72 from Hannibal to St. Joseph. It would follow the existing US 36. It was renewed in 2023 after being shelved for years.
US 36 / Route 110 (CKC) west – Monroe City, Kansas City
|Continuation beyond US 36 Bus. / US 61|
US 36 Bus. east / US 61 (McMasters Avenue / Avenue of the Saints) / Great River Road – New London, Palmyra
|West end of US 61 Bus. overlap|
US 36 Bus. west / US 61 Bus. south / Route 79 south / Route N north / Great River Road – Downtown Hannibal, Louisiana
|East end of US 61 Bus. overlap; exit number based on possible future western terminus at I-35 in Cameron.|
|Mark Twain Memorial Bridge|
|Illinois||Pike||Levee Township||1.20||1.93||1||IL 106 – Hull|
I-172 north / IL 110 (CKC) east – Quincy, Chicago
|Left exit from both directions; I-172 exit 0.|
|Kinderhook Township||10.31||16.59||10||IL 96 / IL 106 – Payson, Hull|
To IL 106 – Barry
|New Salem Township||31.35||50.45||31||Pittsfield, New Salem|
US 54 west – Pittsfield
IL 107 north – Griggsville
|Eastern terminus of US 54|
|Scott||Bloomfield Precinct||45.90||73.87||46||IL 100 – Bluffs, Detroit||Detroit signed westbound only|
|Winchester No. 2 Precinct||51.97||83.64||52|
To IL 106 – Winchester
I-72 BL east / US 67 – Alton, Beardstown, Jacksonville
|Signed as exits 60A (south) and 60B (north)|
|South Jacksonville||64.15||103.24||64||IL 267 (Main Street) – Alton, Jacksonville|
I-72 BL west to IL 104 (Morton Avenue) – Jacksonville
|Alexander Precinct||75.69||121.81||76||Ashland, Alexander|
|Sangamon||Island Grove–New Berlin|
|93.86||151.05||93||IL 4 (Veterans Parkway) – Chatham|
I-55 south / I-55 BL north (6th Street) – Springfield, St. Louis
|West end of I-55 overlap; signed as exit 97A (south) and 97B (north) eastbound. Signed as exit 92A (north) westbound. Westbound I-72 exits southbound I-55 via exit 92B; access to Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum|
|99.61||160.31||94||Stevenson Drive, East Lake Drive|
|101.56||163.44||96||IL 29 (South Grand Avenue) – Taylorville||Signed as exits 96A (south) and 96B (north); access to Illinois State Museum|
I-55 north – Chicago
IL 97 west (Clear Lake Avenue)
|East end of I-55 overlap; I-72 eastbound exits I-55 via exit 98A, I-72 westbound exits itself via exit 103A. IL 97 signed as exit 98B eastbound. Northbound I-55 signed as exit 103B westbound; access to Illinois World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam Veterans Memorials; Capitol Complex, Tuskegee Airman Exhibit; Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum, SIU School of Medicine, and Illinois Corrections Academy|
|Clear Lake Township||103.58||166.70||104||Camp Butler||Access to Camp Butler National Cemetery|
|107.75||173.41||108||Riverton, Dawson||Dawson signed eastbound only|
|Mechanicsburg Township||113.82||183.18||114||Buffalo, Mechanicsburg, Dawson||Dawson signed westbound only|
|Illiopolis Township||121.88||196.15||122||Mt. Auburn, Illiopolis|
US 36 east / US 51 south – Decatur, Pana
|East end of US 36 overlap; west end of US 51 overlap; signed as exits 133A (east) and 133B (south)|
|Decatur||137.51||221.30||138||IL 121 – Decatur, Lincoln|
US 51 north – Bloomington, Decatur
|East end of US 51 overlap, signed as exit 141A (south) and 141B (north)|
|Whitmore Township||143.81||231.44||144||IL 48 – Oreana, Decatur|
|Friends Creek–Willow Branch|
|155.33||249.98||156||IL 48 – Cisco, Weldon|
IL 105 west – Monticello
|Sangamon Township||168.39||271.00||169||White Heath Road|
|170.95||275.12||172||IL 10 – Clinton|
|Champaign||Scott Township||175.72||282.79||176||IL 47 – Mahomet|
I-57 to I-74 – Memphis, Chicago
|Signed as exits 182A (south) and 182B (north). I-57 exit 235.|
|University Avenue, Church Street||Continuation beyond I-57.|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
I-72 currently has one auxiliary route, I-172, that serves as a freeway spur for Quincy.
|Length||9.5 mi (15.3 km)|
Interstate 72 Business (I-72) is a business loop of I-72 in Jacksonville. It runs from the I-72/US 36/US 67 interchange southwest of Jacksonville north along the US 67 bypass of Jacksonville to the former alignment of US 36 (Morton Avenue). On Morton Avenue, I-72 Bus. runs east through downtown Jacksonville until it reaches I-72 at exit 68. This is a distance of 9.5 miles (15.3 km).
- ^ a b Federal Highway Administration (December 31, 2016). "FHWA Route Log and Finder List: Table 1". Retrieved December 9, 2017.
- ^ American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (June 9, 1991). "Report of the Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering to the Executive Committee" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 13, 2006. Retrieved December 19, 2007.
- ^ a b "Interstate 172 Illinois". Interstate-Guide.com.
- ^ American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (April 23, 1995). "Report of the Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering to the Standing Committee on Highways" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on February 4, 2007. Retrieved December 19, 2007.
- ^ Johnston, Louis; Williamson, Samuel H. (2023). "What Was the U.S. GDP Then?". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved January 1, 2023. United States Gross Domestic Product deflator figures follow the Measuring Worth series.
- ^ Missouri Department of Transportation, North Central District (2007), U.S. 36 4-Laning Project: Contract Awarded for Route 36 Four-lane Project from Shelbina to Macon, MoDOT
- ^ "State lawmakers approve $2.5M study on new Missouri interstate". FOX 2. May 24, 2023. Retrieved May 26, 2023.
- ^ Missouri Department of Transportation (November 13, 2012). MoDOT HPMAPS (Map). Missouri Department of Transportation. Retrieved November 13, 2012.
- ^ a b Google maps estimate.
- Interstate 72
- Interstate Highway System
- Interstate Highways in Illinois
- Interstate Highways in Missouri
- Transportation in Marion County, Missouri
- Transportation in Pike County, Illinois
- Transportation in Scott County, Illinois
- Transportation in Morgan County, Illinois
- Transportation in Sangamon County, Illinois
- Transportation in Macon County, Illinois
- Transportation in Piatt County, Illinois
- Transportation in Champaign County, Illinois