Interstate 78

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Interstate 78 marker

Interstate 78

I-78 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by PennDOT, DRJTBC, NJDOT, NJTA, and PANYNJ
Length146.28 mi[1] (235.41 km)
Existed1957–present
Major junctions
West end I-81 in Union Township, PA
Major intersections
East endCanal Street in New York, NY
Location
CountryUnited States
StatesPennsylvania, New Jersey, New York
Highway system

Interstate 78 (I-78) is a major east–west Interstate Highway in the Northeastern United States, running 144 miles (232 km) from I-81 northeast of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, through Allentown to western and northern New Jersey and terminating at the Holland Tunnel entrance to Lower Manhattan in New York City.

I-78 links ports in New York City and North Jersey to points west, including the Lehigh Valley, the third largest metropolitan region of Pennsylvania. I-78 accommodates over four million trucks annually, representing 24 percent of all truck traffic in the nation.[2] It also is a major connection point to Newark Liberty International Airport, John F. Kennedy International Airport, and LaGuardia Airport, the New York metropolitan area's three major international airports.

Route description[edit]

Lengths
  mi[1] km
PA 77.95 125.45
NJ 67.83 109.16
NY 0.50 0.80
Total 146.28 235.41

Pennsylvania[edit]

The I-78 interchange approaching I-81 north in Union Township, Lebanon County

I-78 begins at a directional T interchange with I-81 in Union Township, about 25 miles (40 km) northeast of Harrisburg. Near the east end of the county, at exit 8, US Route 22 (US 22) merges with I-78, running concurrently for the next 43 miles (69 km) through Berks and Lehigh counties.[3]

At exit 51, in Upper Macungie Township, US 22 leaves the highway. Drivers on I-78 eastbound must use this exit to access I-476 (Northeast Extension of the Pennsylvania Turnpike), and westbound travelers must use exit 53 (northbound Pennsylvania Route 309 (PA 309)) and then westbound US 22. From exits 53 to 60, I-78 runs concurrently with PA 309. The six-lane overlap bypasses the city of Allentown to the south and crosses South Mountain.[4][5]

I-78 westbound past the PA 412 interchange in Bethlehem

At exit 60 (A–B going westbound), PA 309 yields south to Quakertown.[6] Approximately six miles (9.7 km) east, there is an interchange between PA 412 and I-78 in Hellertown, serving Bethlehem and Lehigh University. At exit 71, PA 33 reaches its southern terminus at a trumpet interchange. PA 33 traverses the Pocono Mountains as it enters Bangor and crosses I-80. The final exit on I-78 in Pennsylvania is Morgan Hill Road, providing access to PA 611 and Easton. I-78 then crosses the I-78 Toll Bridge and enters the state of New Jersey.

New Jersey[edit]

After the I-78 Toll Bridge, I-78 enters New Jersey as the Phillipsburg–Newark Expressway.[7] The road begins by running parallel with County Route 642 (CR 642) in the town of Alpha. At 3.94 miles (6.34 km), a partial cloverleaf interchange brings together US 22, Route 122, and Route 173 with I-78 in Phillipsburg.[8] US 22 now runs concurrently with I-78 for the next 15 miles (24 km). Going westbound, exit 4 leaves to the right for CR 637 and Warren Glen. The next exit, exit 6, is for CR 632 in Bloomsbury. However, the route number is not signed on I-78. Exit 7 is the first of several eastbound exits for Route 173. This one is located in Bloomsbury as Route 173 begins to parallel the Interstate. Four miles (6.4 km) later, exit 11 leaves to the right as another exit for Route 173. CR 614 also is located off the exit. Exit 12 westbound is for Route 173 again. However, exit 12 eastbound is for a frontage road parallelling I-78.

I-78 westbound in Warren Township, New Jersey

Exit 13 is only westbound and is another exit for Route 173. Nearby the exit, going eastbound, the frontage road merges in.[8] Exit 15 is for Route 173 and CR 513 in Franklin Township. Exit 17 is for Route 31 in Clinton Township. In the town of Annandale, US 22 leaves I-78 at exit 18. US 22 continues toward Bound Brook and Union County. At exit 20, CR 639 intersects. CR 639 heads toward the Round Valley Reservoir. Exit 24 is for CR 523 toward Oldwick. At exit 29, I-287, US 202, and US 206 interchange with I-78 in Bedminster. At this point, in Somerset County, exits 33, 36, and 40 are for county routes in Warren Township. At exit 41, I-78 enters Union County[8] and then passes through the Watchung Reservation, where land bridges cross over the highway to allow wildlife to transit safely. At exit 45, CR 527 intersects after paralleling for some time. West of exit 48, I-78 splits into express and local highways. Exit 48 is for Route 24 in Springfield Township. Exit 49A is for one of Route 24's spur routes, Route 124. Exit 52 is for the Garden State Parkway in Union Township. At exits 57 and 58, Route 21, US 1, US 9, and US 22 intersect I-78. The exit provides access to Newark Liberty International Airport.

I-78 eastbound crossing Newark Bay at Newark Bay Bridge

East of exit 58 at the eastern tip of Newark, I-78 becomes the Newark Bay Extension of the New Jersey Turnpike. Past the first toll plaza, I-78 has an interchange with I-95 (New Jersey Turnpike) and crosses Newark Bay via the Newark Bay Bridge.[8] The first exit, 14A, is for Route 440 in Bayonne. The Liberty State Park can be reached by taking exit 14B. Exit 14C is the final numbered exit, providing access to the Liberty Science Center. Route 139 runs concurrently with I-78 as it approaches the Holland Tunnel and enters New York.

New York[edit]

I-78 leaving Jersey City and entering the Holland Tunnel to SoHo and New York City

I-78's length in New York is only 0.5 miles (0.80 km)—half of the Holland Tunnel and the egress-only roundabout immediately beyond the end of the tunnel. The route was planned to run east and north through New York City to end at I-95 in the Bronx, but sections of the planned route, including the Lower Manhattan Expressway, were canceled.

In New York City, I-78 continues through the limited-access egress-only roundabout known as the Saint John's Rotary. The five separate exits from the Rotary are assigned numbers—exits 1 to 5—in counterclockwise order. The last one—and the logical continuation east—is exit 5, Canal Street. Under the original plans, I-78 was to continue across Manhattan as the Lower Manhattan Expressway onto the Williamsburg Bridge and then beyond I-278 on the never-built Bushwick Expressway through Brooklyn into Queens near the John F. Kennedy International Airport. A section of I-78 at the airport was built as the Nassau Expressway, later I-878 and now New York State Route 878 (NY 878), though most of the westbound side was never built. East of the airport, I-78 would have turned north on the Clearview Expressway (built north of Hillside Avenue in Queens and now I-295), run across the Throgs Neck Bridge, and forked into two spurs, ending at I-95 via the Throgs Neck Expressway (now I-695) and the Bruckner Interchange via the Cross Bronx Expressway (now part of I-295).[9]

Junction list[edit]

Aerial photo of I-78 in New Jersey and New York City
Pennsylvania
I-81 west-northwest of Jonestown
US 22 east-northeast of Fredericksburg. The highways travel concurrently to east-northeast of Fogelsville.
US 222 west of Allentown
PA 33 southwest of Easton
New Jersey
US 22 east-northeast of Alpha. The highways travel concurrently to Annandale.
I-287 in Bedminster
Route 24 in Springfield
G.S. Parkway in Union Township
US 1 / US 9 / US 22 in Newark
I-95 / N.J. Turnpike in Newark
New York
Canal Street in Lower Manhattan

Auxiliary routes[edit]

1955 map of I-178 and I-378 in the Lehigh Valley region of eastern Pennsylvania

All of I-78's auxiliary routes serve New York City; however, none of these routes actually intersect I-78, following the route's truncation at the eastern end of the Holland Tunnel.

In eastern Pennsylvania, PA 378 into downtown Bethlehem was once I-378 but was redesignated as a state route after I-78 was rerouted to a new southerly alignment. I-178 was initially planned as an extension into Center City, Allentown, but was canceled due to local opposition.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Federal Highway Administration (December 31, 2021). "Table 1 - Main Routes". FHWA Route Log and Finder List. Retrieved May 29, 2022.
  2. ^ "New Jersey's Infrastructure for Business | Choose New Jersey". Choose New Jersey, Inc. Retrieved May 29, 2022.
  3. ^ Google (August 31, 2007). "Overview Map of I-78 in Lebanon, Berks, and Lehigh Counties" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved August 31, 2007.
  4. ^ Google (August 31, 2007). "Overview Map of I-78 Southeast of Allentown" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved August 31, 2007.
  5. ^ Google (August 31, 2007). "Overview Satellite Image of I-78 with Six Lanes" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved August 31, 2007.
  6. ^ Google (August 31, 2007). "Interstate 78 in Pennsylvania" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved August 31, 2007.
  7. ^ New Jersey Department of Transportation. "Interstate 78 Straight Line Diagram" (PDF). Retrieved March 19, 2020.
  8. ^ a b c d Google (August 31, 2007). "I-78, New Jersey, United States" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved August 31, 2007.
  9. ^ "NYSDOT - Traffic Count Information". Archived from the original on April 28, 2006. Retrieved December 27, 2005.
  10. ^ a b c d Adderly, Kevin (December 31, 2016). "Table 2: Auxiliary Routes of the Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways as of December 31, 2016". Route Log and Finder List. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved September 24, 2017.
  11. ^ Union County Sheet 1 (Map). New Jersey Department of Transportation. 1967. Retrieved February 13, 2010.
    • Union County Sheet 2 (Map). New Jersey Department of Transportation. 1967. Retrieved February 13, 2010.
  12. ^ a b "Expressway Plans". Regional Plan News. Regional Plan Association (73–74): 1–18. May 1964. Retrieved February 27, 2017 – via Archive.org.
  13. ^ a b Map of Metropolitan New York (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha. Chevron Oil Company. 1969.
  14. ^ a b Map of New Jersey (Map). Cartography by General Drafting. Esso. 1970.
  15. ^ West Side Hwy Project, New York: Environmental Impact Statement. West Side Hwy Project, New York: Environmental Impact Statement. New York State Department of Transportation; Federal Highway Administration, United States Department of Transportation. 1977. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
  16. ^ Roberts, Sam (October 7, 1985). "THE LEGACY OF WESTWAY: LESSONS FROM ITS DEMISE". The New York Times. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
  17. ^ Gulf Oil Company; Rand McNally and Company (1960). New Jersey and Metropolitan New York (Map). 1:390,000. Chicago: Gulf Oil Company. Road map of metropolitan New York City inset. OCLC 986509183.
  18. ^ New York State Department of Transportation (January 1, 1970). Description of Touring Routes in New York State for the Interstate (I), Federal (U.S.) and State (N.Y.) Route Number Systems (PDF). Retrieved March 26, 2009.

External links[edit]

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata