Interstate 91

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Interstate 91 marker

Interstate 91
Route information
Length: 290.37 mi[1] (467.31 km)
Major junctions
South end: I-95 in New Haven, CT
North end: A-55 at the Canadian Border at Derby Line, VT
States: Connecticut, Massachusetts, Vermont
Highway system
  • Routes in Connecticut
State highways in Vermont
Route 89 CT Route 94
I‑90 MA I‑93
I‑89 VT I‑93

Interstate 91 (I-91) is an Interstate Highway in the New England region of the United States. It provides the primary north–south thoroughfare in the western part of New England. The Interstate's southern end is in New Haven, Connecticut[2] at Interstate 95 and its northern end is at Derby Line, Vermont, a village in the town of Derby, at the Canadian border, where it continues past the Derby Line-Rock Island Border Crossing as Autoroute 55. I-91 is the longest of three Interstate highways whose entire route is located within the New England states, and is also the only primary (two-digit) Interstate Highway in New England to intersect all five of the others that run through the region. The largest cities along its route are Springfield, Massachusetts, Hartford, Connecticut, and New Haven, Connecticut, in order from north to south.

Route description[edit]

  mi[3][4] km
CT 58.00 93.34
MA 54.90 88.35
VT 177.43 285.55
Total 290.33 467.24

Interstate 91 is 290 miles (470 km) long and runs nearly straight north and south: 58 miles (93 km) in Connecticut, 55 miles (89 km) in Massachusetts, and 177 miles (285 km) in Vermont. I-91 parallels U.S. Route 5 for all of its length, and many of the exits along I-91 provide direct or indirect access to the older route. Much of the route of Interstate 91 follows the Connecticut River, running from Hartford, Connecticut northward to St. Johnsbury, Vermont.

Beginning of I-91 in New Haven, CT
I-91 has an HOV Lane between Hartford and Windsor, CT
I-91 looking northbound in Brattleboro
Northbound I-91 just north of exit 6 in Rockingham, VT
Southbound I-91 in Wheelock, VT


Interstate 91 is the major north–south transportation corridor for the center of the state. It is the main route between the larger cities of New Haven, Hartford, and Springfield, Massachusetts. As such, it is almost always heavily trafficked (especially during rush hour), and maintains at least three lanes in each direction through Connecticut except for a short portion in Hartford at the interchange with Interstate 84. The three cities also serve as Connecticut's control points along its length of the Interstate. Overhead signs in each direction consistently feature one or two of the cities, although very few (if any) conventional highway mileage signs are placed along the Interstate in Connecticut that indicate the remaining distance between the cities.

The highway begins just east of downtown New Haven at the intersection with the Connecticut Turnpike, Interstate 95, and Connecticut Route 34 at the Pearl Harbor Memorial Bridge, or Q Bridge as referred to by the locals. At the bottom of the ramp for exit 5, U.S. Route 5 begins at the first of its many interchanges with the freeway. Leaving New Haven, I-91 follows a northeastward trek through the suburbs of North Haven and Wallingford before entering the city of Meriden. In Meriden, about halfway between Hartford and New Haven, I-91 sees an interchange with its first spur route, Interstate 691. I-691 provides a westward link to Interstate 84 and the city of Waterbury. Leaving Meriden, I-91 travels briefly through Middletown before passing through Cromwell, Rocky Hill, and Wethersfield, eventually entering the Hartford city limits. Just south of Hartford, the highway begins to directly parallel the Connecticut River. In Hartford, I-91 meets I-84 before leaving the city limits. I-91 maintains an urban character throughout its distance to Springfield. Halfway between the two cities, exit 40 provides direct access (via Connecticut Route 20) to the Bradley International Airport. I-91 runs through Windsor, Windsor Locks, East Windsor and Enfield (with several exits in each town) before crossing into Massachusetts at milepost 58.

I-91's final exit in Connecticut is exit 49, which offers northbound travelers access to Longmeadow, Massachusetts, after which I-91 enters Massachusetts.


Interstate 91 travels 55 miles (89 km) through the Pioneer Valley of western Massachusetts paralleling the Connecticut River. I-91 serves as the major transportation corridor through three Massachusetts counties, linking the cities of Springfield, Northampton, and Greenfield. The three cities serve as the control cities listed on guide and mileage signs, along with Brattleboro, Vermont beginning with the first northbound conventional mileage sign (63 miles (101 km)) in Longmeadow.

In Springfield, I-91 intersects with Interstate 291 at exit 8, a 5.44-mile-long (8.75 km) spur going eastbound connecting with the Massachusetts Turnpike, for travelers going either east to Boston or west to Albany, New York.

North of Springfield, I-91 briefly enters Chicopee itself where there is an interchange with the spur of Interstate 391 at exit 12 before turning westward to cross the Connecticut River into West Springfield. I-391 provides direct access to Holyoke center, while I-91 continues on the western side of the river.

Just after the river crossing, exit 14 is a major interchange with the Massachusetts Turnpike (I-90) before entering the city of Holyoke where exit 15 is located. Just after exit 16 U.S. 202, I-91 goes from three lanes to two lanes in each direction to the Vermont state line.

After a short exit-less stretch, I-91 enters Northampton, passing the Northampton Airport and an oxbow lake. The towns of Hadley and Amherst, home to the main campus of the University of Massachusetts Amherst, are accessible from I-91 exits in Northampton via Route 9.

Continuing north, I-91 enters Hatfield, and where it begins its straightest section—nearly six miles (9.7 km) without a bend in the road. Several exits provide access to U.S. Route 5 and Massachusetts Route 10 in Hatfield and Whately before entering Deerfield.

I-91 has two exits in Greenfield. At exit 26, there is a rest area/visitor information center for Franklin County. Exit 28 in Bernardston is the last exit in Massachusetts. Beyond exit 28, I-91 continues for about five miles (8.0 km) more before crossing into Vermont.

The 55-mile (89 km) stretch of I-91 in Massachusetts was the last section that featured motorist-aid call boxes.[citation needed] The call boxes were important as a good part of I-91 in Massachusetts is rural, unlike many other freeways in the state.[citation needed] The call boxes were eventually removed in 2012. Massachusetts is the only state traversed by Interstate 91 where another numbered highway is co-signed onto the Interstate (in this case, US 5, for a one-half mile (800 m) spur near the Springfield-Longmeadow town line and Route 2, for approximately three miles (4.8 km) in Greenfield).


I-91 runs along the eastern border of Vermont and serves as a major transportation corridor for eastern Vermont and western New Hampshire. Many exits along Vermont's length of I-91 feature New Hampshire towns on the guide signs (for example, exit 3, which lists Brattleboro and "Keene, NH", as the points of access). I-91 length within Vermont is 177 miles (285 km), and has two lanes in each direction the entire way from the Massachusetts border at Guilford to Derby Line at the Canadian border (nearly two-thirds of I-91's length) with 29 Vermont interchanges. The highway's rural character and long distances between exits in Vermont are in stark contrast to its south, where exits are more frequent and the road carries four lanes of traffic in each direction at some points. The major "control cities" in Vermont are Brattleboro, White River Junction, St. Johnsbury, and Newport. When re-entering northbound I-91 at exit 28 in Derby, the "control city" sign is for Canada. Of these destinations, only Newport is a city, although the other towns are sizable. In general, the road parallels its predecessor, US 5.

I-91 enters Vermont in the town of Guilford. Just before exit 1 in Brattleboro is the Vermont Welcome Center & Rest Area, which has a staffed Tourist Information Center, and has a self-service lottery machine for instant tickets as well as drawing games.

The first three Vermont exits (northbound) serve the town of Brattleboro. At exit 1, northbound Route 5 provides access to stores and a small industrial area before reaching the south end of the town's center, where a bridge crosses the Connecticut River into Hinsdale, New Hampshire via NH Route 119. Exit 2/Route 9 provides access to the western village of the town (West Brattleboro), then continues west to Marlboro, Wilmington and Bennington. Brattleboro's main retail strip is located at and just south of the exit 3 trumpet interchange and traffic circle. Following Vermont Route 9 eastward, one can reach Keene, New Hampshire in 15 miles (24 km).

After exit 3, I-91 heads north to pass through the towns of Dummerston, Putney, Westminster, Rockingham, Springfield, Weathersfield, Windsor, Hartland, and Hartford, home of the village of White River Junction. White River Junction, listed as a control city on mileage signs as far south as Greenfield, Massachusetts, is where I-91 and I-89 meet and provide access to many points in Vermont and New Hampshire, at exit 10.

North of the interchange with I-89, I-91 continues towards St. Johnsbury and passes through the towns of Norwich, Thetford, Fairlee, Bradford, Newbury (with access to the village of Wells River), and Barnet, before coming to its next major intersection. Towns in New Hampshire on the other side of the river can also be easily accessed in this stretch. At exit 19 is the northern terminus of Interstate 93, a major interstate highway in New England, which provides a direct route south through the White Mountains and to almost all major cities in New Hampshire. Just after exit 19, there are three exits for St. Johnsbury, including a major intersection with U.S. Route 2. Along westbound US 2, the capital of Vermont, Montpelier, is eventually reached from I-91, although I-89 provides Montpelier with immediate Interstate access.

Interstate 91 continues northward, now following the Passumpsic River valley. It passes through Vermont's Northeast Kingdom region and the town of Lyndon. Two exits in Lyndon serve the village of Lyndonville and Lyndon State College. After exit 24, I-91 departs Route 5, which it had been closely paralleling since the Massachusetts border. I-91 follows the valley of Miller Run,[5][a] and there are no convenient services until Barton at exit 25.

The interstate proceeds through Sheffield. Here it reaches the highest point on the road, just north of mile marker 150 on Sheffield Heights, elevation 1,856 feet (566 m).

After leaving the Heights, it enters Orleans County and follows the Barton River valley north with exits in Barton, Orleans, and Derby. Exit 29 is the final U.S. exit on I-91 just after mile marker 177 at Derby Line. Beyond the exit ramp, northbound motorists enter Canadian customs at Stanstead, Quebec and continue into Canada on Autoroute 55 through the Eastern Townships.

As with Connecticut and Massachusetts, US 5 closely parallels Interstate 91 for their entire lengths in Vermont. Indeed, most of the large exit signs on I-91 list US 5 as one of the roads (if not the only road) that can be accessed from the exit, as seen in the exit list below. While paralleling I-91 in Vermont, US 5 is never co-signed onto the freeway, but remains its own two-lane road, except for a portion in White River Junction where it is a 4-lane divided surface arterial.

Traffic and the population of each successive town tend to diminish as the road proceeds northward. Average daily traffic count for 2002 were—Brattleboro (25,600), White River Junction (28,900), St. Johnsbury (10,800), and Derby Line (2,500).[6]


A limited-access highway replacement for U.S. Route 5 was planned at the federal level starting in 1944. A 1953 Massachusetts plan was funded by the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956, along with spur Interstate 291 (but not Interstate 391). The Vermont section of I-91 was built in stages from 1958 to 1965.[6] In Massachusetts from Bernardston to Northampton, I-91 follows an abandoned right-of-way of the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad. To support plans for urban renewal along the "low value" waterfront, the highway crossed the Connecticut River to parallel active NYNHH railroad tracks on the Springfield side of the river, bypassing West Springfield, Massachusetts and Agawam, Massachusetts. Later, this path was perceived as cutting off the city from the river, restricting further commercial development. By 1960, a few miles in Massachusetts were completed, starting from the Connecticut and Vermont borders. Massachusetts construction was completed from 1964 to 1970.[7]

In the 1970s there were plans to extend I-91 along the Long Island Sound link across from New Haven, Connecticut, to Long Island in New York.[8] The extension would have continued southward to the southern shore of the island perhaps along the route of the current William Floyd Parkway in central Suffolk County. It would also provide easier access to New York City via the Long Island Expressway, as well as to The Hamptons via Sunrise Highway (New York State Route 27).[9] The various proposals for a bridge were dropped after a 1979 study of the concept.[10]

Vermont completed its last sections of I-91 in 1978.[11]

After the September 11 attacks, there has been a seldom-manned temporary border patrol checkpoint near White River Junction, VT that is about 100 miles (160 km) from the US-Canada border.[12]

Starting in the 1990s, several rest areas were downgraded in Vermont, increasing distances between facilities. In 2008, Vermont closed the Springfield-Rockingham rest areas because of suspected use by drug abusers. In 2009, the northbound rest area in Hartford was closed, creating a 90-mile (145 km) gap in on-highway facilities. At the present time, there exist 2 intermediate rest areas with facilities in each direction, in addition to a welcome center at each end of the state. Several parking areas remain open.[13]

In 2005, the Massachusetts Highway Department completed a rebuild of on- and off-ramps in Springfield, to reduce accidents caused by weaving near the tightly spaced exits.[7]

In the early 1990s after the Interstate 284 project was canceled, The Exit 44 interchange in East Windsor, Connecticut was altered as it was designed to be part of the freeway. After alters, Exit 44 connected to Route 5 for all traffic to get on and off. As a result, Exit 43 was shut down and closed in that same time frame. Exit 43 was a northbound exit/southbound entrance on State Route 510/Main Street in East Windsor, which was about 2/10ths of a mile away from exit 44.


Route 9 interchange[edit]

A major rebuild of the interchange with Route 9 in Northampton is in the planning phases, as of September 2015.[14]

Impact on Springfield's planned riverfront development[edit]

In 2008, Springfield's urban planners contracted UMass Amherst's School of Urban Design to research I-91's effects on Springfield, after receiving complaints from Springfielders about I-91's inhibiting residents' access to Springfield's riverfront, and access to the Basketball Hall of Fame. By 2011, Amherst had produced several dozen critiques denoting that I-91's current route, height, and development beneath and around the highway are inhibiting the development of the city's greatest potential economic and recreational resources, the Connecticut River, the riverfront, and the Basketball Hall of Fame—and also limiting the interaction between these entities and the Metro Center.[15][16]

During its construction in the 1960s, Interstate 91 sliced through three Springfield neighborhoods: the North End, Metro Center, and the South End. Widely regarded as positive progress at the time, by 2011, Springfield's portion of I-91 was perceived as disrupting the urban fabric of each riverfront neighborhood, while in effect amputating everything east of the highway—the majority of the city—from the Connecticut River, the Connecticut River Walk Park, and the Basketball Hall of Fame. However, Interstate 91 was erected without tunnels, footbridges, and other paths leading to the riverfront, and thus continues to pose logistical problems for people getting to the riverfront, which in turn poses problems for businesses that would like to set up along Springfield's riverfront. The placement of I-91 has left Springfield's riverfront virtually undeveloped aside from the sliver of land surrounding the Basketball Hall of Fame, an international tourist destination, which, under different circumstances, might have more commercial and residential development.[17]

As of 2011, academic and civic studies are still underway. Preliminary findings indicate that I-91's placement negatively impacts tourism in Springfield's Metro Center—the site of many of Springfield's historic, cultural, and entertainment venues. Springfield's most popular tourist attraction, the riverfront Basketball Hall of Fame, is separated from Metro Center by a 20 feet (6.1 m) stone wall, buttressing an elevated portion of the 6-lane Interstate 91, and greatly discouraging travel between the two areas.[15][16]

Initially, in the 1950s and early 1960s, Interstate 91 was planned to be routed through West Springfield, Massachusetts, down the avenue now known as Riverdale Road—with numerous bridges to be built to accommodate traffic into the City of Springfield. Indeed, Riverdale Road is the original four-lane highway built to accommodate the traffic of Interstate 91. (I-91 has since widened to six lanes.) [18] In the 1960s, after Springfield learned that its longtime rival, and current business partner in the Knowledge Corridor initiative, the City of Hartford, would use its riverfront to host Interstate 91, Springfield civic leaders petitioned for the I-91 highway to be moved to the east side of the river to cut through the city, rather than employ a series of bridges, as was originally planned. At that time of initial construction, the Connecticut River was polluted and, to many, it seemed that its best days were long behind it. Construction plans were hastily drawn up and executed, and thus construction began on the I-91 highway. On its completion, although its daily usage far surpassed predictions, I-91 never catalyzed significant growth in Springfield, as was the original hope.

Academic suggestions that involve the demolition of the current highway and moving it to a less obtrusive site in the city have been proposed, including the demolition of the highway and following the original path suggested, Riverdale Road, and, least obtrusive but still requiring a great deal of work, a plan to construct numerous walkways beneath the elevated highway to better integrate the neighborhoods with the waterfront despite the highway's presence.[15][16]

In 2010, the Urban Land Institute made recommendations for how Springfield might reconnect with its riverfront, suggesting the most cost-effective but also the most development-limiting strategy (constructing pathways beneath I-91). No decision has been reached regarding those recommendations.[19]

I-91 looking north in downtown Hartford at the I-84 interchange. The Bulkeley Bridge is visible to the right.

Exit list[edit]

State County Location mi[3][4][20] km Exit[21] Destinations Notes
Connecticut New Haven New Haven 0.00 0.00 I-95 / Conn. Turnpike – N.Y. City, New London, Providence I-95 exit 48; national southern terminus
0.23 0.37 1 Route 34 west – Downtown New Haven Southbound junction only
0.64 1.03 2 Hamilton Street / Ives Place Northbound exit is accessible only from the southbound lanes of I-95
3 Trumbull Street Yale University
1.30 2.09 4 US 5 (State Street) Southbound exit only (via Humphrey Street)
1.37 2.20 5 US 5 (State Street) – Fair Haven Northbound exit only
1.44 2.32 6 US 5 / Willow Street, Blatchley Avenue Signed for US 5 southbound only
2.15 3.46 7 Ferry Street – Fair Haven Southbound exit and northbound entrance
8 Route 17 / Route 80 (Middletown Avenue) – North Branford
North Haven 4.63–
9 Montowese Avenue SR 715 to Route 103
10 Route 40 north – Hamden, Mount Carmel, Cheshire Quinnipiac University
7.56 12.17 11 Route 22 – North Haven Northbound exit and southbound entrance; to US 5
12 US 5 (Washington Avenue) – Wallingford, North Haven
Wallingford 10.83–
13 US 5 – Wallingford, North Haven SR 702 to Wharton Brook State Park
14 Route 150 (Woodhouse Avenue) / East Center Street – Wallingford East Center Street (signed southbound) is SR 738 to Route 150
15 Route 68 – Yalesville, Durham
Meriden 18.71 30.11 16 East Main Street Northbound junction only
17 Route 15 north (Berlin Turnpike) to I-691 / Route 66 – Newington, Meriden, Middletown
Route 15 south (Wilbur Cross Parkway) / East Main Street – New Haven
Signed for I-691 / Route 66 eastbound and Route 15 alone southbound
18 Route 66 east – Middlefield, Middletown
I-691 west to Route 15 north (Berlin Turnpike) – Newington, Meriden, Waterbury
Signed for Route 66 northbound and I-691 southbound
20.97 33.75 19 Baldwin Avenue, Preston Avenue Southbound exit and northbound entrance
Middlesex Middletown 22.95–
20 Country Club Road, Middle Street
Cromwell 25.78–
21 Route 372 – Cromwell, Berlin
22 Route 9 – New Britain, Middletown, Old Saybrook Split southbound into exits 22N (Berlin, New Britain) and 22S (Cromwell, Middletown)
Hartford Rocky Hill 29.05–
23 West Street To Route 3 – Rocky Hill SR 411 to Dinosaur State Park
24 Route 99 – Rocky Hill, Wethersfield
Wethersfield 33.47–
25 Route 3 – Glastonbury, Wethersfield, Old Wethersfield Partial interchange; split southbound into exits 25N and 25S; access to northbound exit 26; signed for Route 3 only southbound
34.26 55.14 26 Great Meadow Rd. – Old Wethersfield Northbound exit must use exit 25 ramp
Hartford 36.53 58.79 27 Airport Road to Brainard Road – Brainard Airport Airport Road is SR 530
35.87 57.73 28 US 5 / Route 15 south (Berlin Turnpike) – Newington, Wethersfield South end of US 5/CT 15 overlap
36.82 59.26 29 US 5 / Route 15 north (Wilbur Cross Highway) to I-84 / US 6 east – East Hartford, Boston North end of US 5/CT 15 overlap
29A Whitehead Highway  – Capitol Area
38.45 61.88 30 I-84 / US 6 / US 44 / Route 2 east – East Hartford, Boston, New London Southbound junction only
38.45 61.88 31 State Street Southbound junction only
38.81 62.46 32 32A: I-84 / US 6 west – Waterbury
32B: Trumbull Street – Downtown Hartford
Signed as exits 32A (I-84/US 6 west) and 32B (Trumbull Street)
39.55 63.65 I-91 north (Restricted Lanes) Southern terminus of I-91 Restricted Lanes
33 Jennings Road, Liebrt Road, Weston Street HOV exit
Windsor 40.98–
34 Route 159 (Windsor Avenue) / N. Main Street – Windsor, Hartford
35 35A: I-291 east – South Windsor, Manchester
35B: Route 218 – Windsor, Bloomfield
HOV exit; signed as exits 35A (I-291) and 35B (Route 218); I-291 exits 2A-B
36 Route 178 (Park Avenue) – Bloomfield, Windsor
37 Route 305 (Bloomfield Avenue) – Windsor Center HOV exit
38 Route 75 / Day Hill Rd. – Poquonock, Windsor HOV exit; split southbound into exits 38A and 38B
47.19 75.94 I-91 south (Restricted Lanes) Northern terminus of I-91 Restricted Lanes
47.22 75.99 39, 41 Kennedy Road to Center Street – Windsor Northbound exit and southbound entrance
40 Route 20 west – Bradley International Airport
Windsor Locks 48.89 78.68 39, 41 Center Street – Windsor Locks Southbound exit and northbound entrance
42 Route 159 – Windsor Locks, Windsor
Connecticut River 49.58 79.79 Dexter Coffin Bridge
East Windsor 50.21–
44 US 5 south – East Windsor
45 Route 140 – Warehouse Point, Ellington
Enfield 52.82–
46 US 5 (King Street) – East Windsor, Enfield
55.34 89.06 47 Route 190 – Hazardville, Somers, Suffield Exits signed as 47E (Hazardville) and 47W (Suffield)
48 Route 220 (Elm Street) – Thompsonville, Enfield
49 US 5 (Enfield Street) – Thompsonville, Longmeadow, MA
Connecticut–Massachusetts state line
Massachusetts Hampden Springfield 3.836 6.173 1 US 5 south – Forest Park, Longmeadow Southbound exit and northbound entrance
Southern end of US 5 concurrency
3.694 5.945 2 Route 83 south – Forest Park, East Longmeadow No southbound exit
4.142 6.666 3 US 5 north to Route 57 (Columbus Avenue) – West Springfield, Agawam US 5 leaves northbound and joins southbound
4.722 7.599 4 Route 83 south (Main Street) – East Longmeadow Southbound exit only
4.568 7.351 5 Broad Street Northbound exit only
5.253 8.454 6 Springfield Center (northbound)
Union Street (southbound)
Old Exit 5 merged with Exit 6
5.989 9.638 7 Hall of Fame Avenue – Downtown Springfield Southbound exit only
6.295 10.131 8 I‑291 / US 20 east to I‑90 / Mass Pike east No I-90 signage southbound; I-291 exits 0A-B
6.677 10.746 9 US 20 west / Route 20A east – West Springfield, Westfield No southbound exit
No southbound entrance from US 20A
7.172 11.542 10 Main Street – Chicopee, North Springfield Northbound exit and entrance only
7.481 12.040 11 US 20 west (Birnie Avenue) – West Springfield Southbound exit and entrance only
Chicopee 8.289 13.340 12 I‑391 north – Chicopee, Holyoke I-391 exits 0A-B
Chicopee–West Springfield line 8.643 13.910 Connecticut River
West Springfield 9.177 14.769 13A US 5 north (Riverdale Street)
9.184 14.780 13B US 5 south – West Springfield
11.547 18.583 14 I‑90 / Mass Pike – Boston, Albany, NY I-90 exit 4
Holyoke 12.396 19.949 15 Lower Westfield Road – Ingleside
14.218 22.882 16 US 202 – Holyoke, South Hadley, Westfield
15.188 24.443 17 Route 141 – Holyoke, Easthampton Signed as Exit 17A (east) and Exit 17B (west) northbound
Hampshire Northampton 22.816 36.719 18 US 5 – Northampton, Easthampton
24.760 39.847 19 Route 9 – Northampton, Amherst Northbound exit and southbound entrance
26.016 41.869 20 US 5 / Route 9 / Route 10 – Northampton, Hadley Southbound exit and northbound entrance
27.277 43.898 21 US 5 / Route 10 – Hatfield, Whately
Hatfield 29.938 48.181 22 US 5 / Route 10 – North Hatfield, Whately Northbound exit and southbound entrance
Franklin Whately 32.309 51.996 23 US 5 / Route 10 – Whately, North Hatfield Southbound exit and northbound entrance
34.709 55.859 24 US 5 / Route 10 – Deerfield, Whately No northbound entrance
Deerfield 35.891 57.761 25 Route 116 – Deerfield, Conway Southbound exit and northbound entrance
Greenfield 43.011 69.219 26 Route 2 west / Route 2A east – Greenfield Center, North Adams Southern end of Route 2 concurrency
45.752 73.631 27 Route 2 east – Boston Northern end of Route 2 concurrency; left exit southbound
Bernardston 50.360 81.047 28 Route 10 – Bernardston, Northfield Signed as Exit 28A (north) and Exit 28B (south) northbound
Massachusetts–Vermont state line
Vermont Windham Brattleboro 7.480 12.038 1 US 5 to VT 142 – Brattleboro, Guilford Also serves Vernon and Hinsdale, NH
9.095 14.637 2 VT 9 west – Brattleboro, Bennington Also serves Marlboro College and Wilmington
11.550 18.588 3 US 5 / VT 9 east – Brattleboro, Keene, NH Also serves World Learning SIT Graduate Institute
Dummerston 17.952 28.891 4 US 5 – Putney
Westminster 28.610 46.043 5 To US 5 / VT 123 / VT 121 – Westminster, Bellows Falls, Walpole, NH
Rockingham 35.200 56.649 6 US 5 / VT 103 – Rockingham, Rutland, Bellows Falls Also serves Chester and Ludlow
Windsor Springfield 41.690 67.094 7 US 5 / VT 11 / VT 106 – Springfield Also serves Charlestown, NH and the Fort at Number 4
Weathersfield 51.370 82.672 8 VT 131 / US 5 / VT 12 – Ascutney, Windsor Also serves Ludlow and Claremont, NH
Hartland 60.450 97.285 9 US 5 / VT 12 – Hartland, Windsor
Hartford 69.810 112.348 10 I‑89 – Lebanon Municipal Airport, New Hampshire, Barre, Montpelier Signed as Exits 10S (south) and 10N (north)
70.200 112.976 11 US 5 – White River Junction
72.010 115.889 12 To US 5 – Wilder, White River Junction
Norwich 74.830 120.427 13 US 5 / VT 10A – Norwich, Hanover, NH Also serves Montshire Museum of Science
Orange Thetford 84.210 135.523 14 VT 113 to US 5 – Thetford Also serves Chelsea and Lyme, NH
Fairlee 91.540 147.319 15 US 5 – Fairlee, Orford, NH Also serves Lake Morey and Lake Fairlee
Bradford 97.630 157.120 16 VT 25 to US 5 – Bradford, Barre Also serves Newbury and Piermont
Town of Newbury 110.340 177.575 17 US 302 to US 5 – Wells River, Woodsville, NH Also serves South Ryegate and Groton
Caledonia Barnet 120.450 193.845 18 To US 5 – Barnet, Peacham Also serves West Barnet, Monroe NH, McIndoe Falls, and East Ryegate
Waterford 128.250 206.398 19 I‑93 south – Littleton, NH
St. Johnsbury 128.890 207.428 20 US 5 – St. Johnsbury, Passumpsic
130.600 210.180 21 US 2 – St. Johnsbury, Montpelier Also serves Danville and Hardwick
132.550 213.319 22 To US 5 – St. Johnsbury
Lyndon 137.110 220.657 23 US 5 to VT 114 – Lyndonville, East Burke Also serves Lyndon State College
140.178 225.595 24 VT 122 to US 5 / VT 114 – Sheffield, Burke, Lyndonville Also serves Caledonia County Airport
Orleans Barton 155.950 250.977 25 VT 16 to US 5 – Barton, Glover Also serves Hardwick and Crystal Lake
161.410 259.764 26 US 5 / VT 58 – Orleans, Irasburg Also serves Lake Willoughby and Jay
Derby 170.060 273.685 27 VT 191 to US 5 / VT 105 – Newport Also serves Lake Memphremagog
172.400 277.451 28 US 5 / VT 105 – Newport, Derby Center Also serves Seymour Lake and Lake Memphremagog
177.269 285.287 29 To US 5 – Derby Line
177.432 285.549 A-55 north – Stanstead I-91 ends, continuation into Quebec
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Miller Run feeds southeast into the Passumpsic River.


  1. ^ Federal Highway Administration (October 31, 2002). "Table 1: Main Routes of the Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways as of October 31, 2002". Route Log and Finder List. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved March 28, 2007. 
  2. ^ Google (June 8, 2009). "New Haven, CT" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved June 8, 2009. 
  3. ^ a b Massachusetts Department of Transportation Planning Division (2012). "Route Selection Page". Massachusetts Route Log Application. Massachusetts Department of Transportation. I-91 NB. Retrieved August 22, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b Policy, Planning and Intermodal Development Division Traffic Research Unit (May 2013). 2012 (Route Log) AADTs for State Highways (PDF). Montpelier: Vermont Agency of Transportation. pp. 4–5. Retrieved March 8, 2015. 
  5. ^ Van Diver, Bradford B. (1987). Roadside Geology. Mountain Press Publishing Company. [page needed]
  6. ^ a b "Interstate I-91". Interstate Guide. Retrieved June 2, 2008. [self-published source]
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  8. ^ Madden, Steve. "Spanning the Sound". Newsday. Archived from the original on July 10, 2004. Retrieved September 18, 2015. 
  9. ^ Anderson, Steve (n.d.). "Shorham–New Haven Bridge". Retrieved September 18, 2015. 
  10. ^ Stannard, Charles (May 14, 2002). "The Bridge That Never Was: Cable Flap Brings To Mind Sound-Crossing Controversy". Hartford Courant. Retrieved September 18, 2015. 
  11. ^ Division for Historic Preservation (n.d.). "Vermont History Timeline". Vermont Agency of Commerce and Community Development. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  12. ^ American Civil Liberties Union of Vermont (n.d.). "Border Patrol Stops". American Civil Liberties Union of Vermont. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Drugs, Sex Force Rest Stop Closure". Rutland Herald. Associated Press. December 10, 2008. Retrieved May 10, 2009. 
  14. ^ Massachusetts Department of Transportation Highway Division (2015). "I-91 Interchange 19". Massachusetts Department of Transportation. Retrieved September 10, 2015. 
  15. ^ a b c Ahronian, David M.; Ashton, Kelly R.; Bassett, Erin G.; Cohen, Maxwell A.; Czulak, Victor J.; Dunbar, Gregory S.; Farragher, Brendan T.; Gorman, Jonathan L.; Guy, Peter L., II; Iles, Timothy J.; Inthasorn, Piyawut; Johnson, Travis A.; Koch, Jonathan; Kronewitter, Justin J.; Livingston, Zachary B.; Morano, Matthew; Mulvehill, Brian; Murphy, Kevin C.; O'Connell, Sean P.; Stephens, Peter W., Jr.; Tourigny, Christopher; White, Bryce P. & Young, Timothy E. (2009). "Making Connections: Envisioning Springfield's North End". Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Graduate Research and Creative Activity (University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Department of Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning). Paper 4. Retrieved September 10, 2015. 
  16. ^ a b c Inthasorn, Piyawut (2010). "Landscape Urbanism for the Highway City of Springfield North End". Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Honors Projects (University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Department of Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning). Paper 1. Retrieved September 10, 2015. 
  17. ^ The Republican Editorials (February 26, 2010). "Editorial: Tapping Potential of Springfield's Riverfront". MassLive. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
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  19. ^ Office of Planning and Economic Development (2008). "River's Landing Project". City of Springfield, MA. Archived from the original on July 3, 2008. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  20. ^ Connecticut Department of Transportation Bureau of Policy and Planning Data Inventory and Statewide Coordination Division of Systems Information (December 31, 2014). Highway Log: Connecticut State Numbered Routes And Roads as of December 31, 2014 (PDF). Hartford: Connecticut Department of Transportation. pp. 163–172. Retrieved September 10, 2015. 
  21. ^ Massachusetts Department of Transportation (2014). "Exit Numbers and Names: Route I-91 (Longmeadow to Bernardston)". Massachusetts Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 22, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Bing / Google