Interstate 94 in Minnesota
Interstate 94 highlighted in red
|Maintained by Mn/DOT|
|Length:||259.49 mi (417.61 km)|
|West end:||I-94 / US 52 at the North Dakota state line|
| US 75 at Moorhead
US 59 at Fergus Falls
US 71 at Sauk Centre
US 169 at Brooklyn Park , Maple Grove
I-394 / US 12 at Minneapolis
I-35W at Minneapolis
I-35E / US 52 at Saint Paul
US 61 / US 10 at Saint Paul
|East end:||I-94 / US 12 at the Wisconsin state line|
|Counties:||Clay, Wilkin, Otter Tail, Grant, Douglas, Todd, Stearns, Wright, Hennepin, Ramsey, Washington|
In the U.S. state of Minnesota, Interstate 94 runs 259 miles (417 km) east–west through the central portion of the state. The route connects the cities of Moorhead, Fergus Falls, Alexandria, St. Cloud, Minneapolis, and Saint Paul.
Traveling southeast from Moorhead, there are several places where the elevation of I-94 rises slightly; these are "beaches" that formed as the glacial lake rose or fell. Finally, at Rothsay, I-94 climbs the last beach line and enters terrain more typical for Minnesota. From Rothsay to the Twin Cities, the terrain of I-94 is rolling with frequent lakes visible from the highway.
Upon arrival to the Twin Cities, I-94 first approaches Minneapolis from the north, then the highway turns east after passing through the Lowry Hill Tunnel and heads to Saint Paul while traveling east.
The road crosses the Mississippi River in Minneapolis between the Prospect Park and Seward neighborhoods. The highway joins Minneapolis and St. Paul together where it meets MN Highway 280. In Saint Paul, the routing of I-94 is set through the historic Rondo neighborhood, which prior to the highway's construction was the largest African-American community in Saint Paul.
Legally, the Minnesota section of Interstate 94 is defined as unmarked Legislative Route 392 in the Minnesota Statutes § 161.12(4). Interstate 94 is not marked with this legislative number along the actual highway.
Concurrencies and reroutes
- 40 miles (64 km) north of the Twin Cities near Albertville, the Minnesota Department of Transportation (Mn/DOT) operates the Minnesota Road Research Facility, which studies the effect of traffic on various road surface types. Westbound traffic is redirected onto 3.5 miles (5.5 km) of pavement outfitted with thousands of sensors. There is a straight-through bypass (the original highway) that can be used when researchers are examining the road up close.
- U.S. Highway 52 is invisibly concurrent with Interstate 94 between the city of Moorhead and downtown Saint Paul. U.S. 52 is signed on maps for this portion, but not along the actual highway.
- U.S. Highway 12 is invisibly concurrent with Interstates 94 and 394 through Minneapolis and Saint Paul to the Minnesota/Wisconsin state line at Hudson. U.S. 12 is signed on maps for this portion, but only briefly along the actual highway.
- Following the I-35W Bridge collapse on August 1, 2007, the detour for I-35W followed I-94 from I-35W to State Highway 280. I-94 was quickly widened by a lane in each direction for this portion to accommodate the additional traffic burden. This detour ended on September 18, 2008 when a new bridge replacing the collapsed span opened.
Interstate 94 in Minnesota was authorized as part of the original interstate network in 1956. It was mostly constructed in the 1960s.
I-94 follows the original route of old U.S. Highway 52 from Moorhead to St. Cloud, then I-94 stays south of the Mississippi River along the former route of old State Highway 152 between St. Cloud and the Twin Cities. I-94 then passes through both downtowns and exits toward Wisconsin along the former route of old U.S. Highway 12.
The section of I-94 between Minneapolis and Saint Paul was completed in 1968. In the Twin Cities, the construction of the highway was politically charged. The highway was built primarily through many working-class and African-American neighborhoods. In Saint Paul, the routing of I-94 is set through and displaces the historic Rondo neighborhood, which prior to the highway construction was the largest African-American community in Saint Paul. By uprooting almost the entire neighborhood, the highway disrupted the vitality of the Saint Paul African American community. This history influenced the July 2016 blockade of nearby I-35W by Black Lives Matter protesters, to whom the freeways are symbols of oppressive urban policy.
The section of I-94 from Brooklyn Center through north Minneapolis was completed in 1984. Like Rondo in the 1960s, this segment was through a primarily African-American and working-class neighborhood.
In 2004, a major traffic bottleneck was relieved when a third lane was constructed between Brooklyn Boulevard at Brooklyn Center and Hemlock Lane at Maple Grove. This is located immediately east of the I-494 / 694 / 94 interchange in Maple Grove, also known locally as the Fish Lake Interchange.
From September 2007 to October 2008, the Minnesota Department of Transportation (Mn/DOT) added a temporary extra lane to I-94 between northbound I-35W and MN-280 in the Twin Cities to help relieve traffic congestion caused by the collapse of the I-35W Mississippi River bridge. As a result, this portion of I-94 was not up to Interstate Highway standards during this time period.
|Cass||Fargo||I-94 / US 52||Continuation into North Dakota|
|Red River of the North||0.000||0.000||North Dakota–Minnesota state line|
|Clay||Moorhead||0.577||0.929||1A||US 75 – Moorhead, Breckenridge|
|1.538||2.475||1B||20th Street||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance only|
|2.709||4.360||2||I-94 Bus. west (34th Street) / CSAH 52 (Main Street Southeast)||Signed as exits 2A (Main Street Southeast) and 2B (34th Street) eastbound|
|Glyndon Township||6.075||9.777||6||MN 336 / CSAH 11 – Detroit Lakes, Sabin, Dilworth, Glyndon|
|Elkton Township||15.239||24.525||15||CSAH 10 – Sabin, Downer|
|22.700||36.532||22||MN 9 – Barnesville|
|Barnesville||24.542||39.497||24||MN 34 – Detroit Lakes, Barnesville|
|Wilkin||Prairie Township||32.500||52.304||32||MN 108 / CSAH 30 – Pelican Rapids, Lawndale|
|Otter Tail||Fergus Falls Township||50.479–
|50||US 59 north / CSAH 88 – Fergus Falls, Pelican Rapids, Detroit Lakes||North end of US 59 overlap|
|Fergus Falls||54.167||87.173||54||MN 210 west – Fergus Falls, Breckenridge||West end of MN 210 overlap|
|55.860||89.898||55||CSAH 1 – Fergus Falls, Wendell|
|Buse Township||57.888||93.162||57||MN 210 east / CSAH 25 – Fergus Falls||East end of MN 210 overlap|
|61.677||99.260||61||US 59 south / CSAH 82 – Elbow Lake, Fergus Falls||South end of US 59 overlap|
|Tumuli Township||67.624||108.830||67||CSAH 35 – Dalton|
|Grant||Pelican Lake Township||77.099||124.079||77||MN 78 north / CSAH 10 – Ashby, Barrett|
|Douglas||Evansville Township||82.908||133.427||82||MN 79 west / CSAH 41 – Evansville, Elbow Lake|
|Brandon Township||90.096||144.995||90||CSAH 7 – Brandon|
|La Grand Township||97.415||156.774||97||MN 114 south / CSAH 40 – Garfield, Lowry|
|Alexandria||100.685||162.037||100||MN 27 west / CSAH 46 – Alexandria||West end of MN 27 overlap|
|103.037||165.822||103||MN 29 – Alexandria, Glenwood|
|Orange Township||114.361||184.046||114||MN 27 east / CSAH 3 – Osakis, Westport||East end of MN 27 overlap|
|Todd||West Union Township||119.148||191.750||119||CSAH 46 – West Union|
|Stearns||Sauk Centre Township||124.730||200.733||124||CSAH 72 (Sinclair Lewis Avenue)||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance only|
|Sauk Centre||127.179||204.675||127||US 71 / MN 28 – Sauk Centre, Willmar, Glenwood|
|Melrose Township||131.079||210.951||131||MN 4 south – Meire Grove, Paynesville|
|Melrose||134.974||217.220||135||CSAH 13 – Melrose|
|Oak Township||137.864||221.871||137||MN 237 / CSAH 65 – New Munich|
|Freeport||140.865||226.700||140||CSAH 11 – Freeport|
|Albany||146.916||236.438||147||MN 238 / CSAH 10 – Albany|
|Avon||153.313||246.733||153||CSAH 9 – Avon|
|Avon Township||156.531||251.912||156||CR 159 – St. John's University|
|St. Joseph Township||158.142||254.505||158||CSAH 75 – St. Cloud||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance only|
|160.436||258.197||160||CSAH 2 – St. Joseph, Cold Spring|
|164.514||264.760||164||MN 23 – St. Cloud, Waite Park, Paynesville|
|St. Cloud||167.137||268.981||167||MN 15 – St. Cloud, Kimball||Signed as exits 167A (south) and 167B (north)|
|171.223||275.557||171||CSAH 7 / CSAH 75 – St. Augusta, St. Cloud|
|173.674||279.501||173||Opportunity Drive (County 75)|
|Wright||Clearwater||178.953||287.997||178||MN 24 – Clearwater, Annandale|
|Silver Creek Township||184.131||296.330||183||CSAH 8 – Hasty, Silver Creek|
|Monticello||194.075||312.333||193||MN 25 – Monticello, Buffalo|
|195.577||314.751||194||CSAH 18 / CSAH 39 – Monticello|
|Albertville||201.939||324.989||201||CSAH 19 – Albertville, St. Michael||No eastbound entrance. Westbound exit via distributor ramp at exit 202.|
|202.693||326.203||202||CSAH 37 – Albertville||Westbound exit is a distributor ramp for exits 202 and 201 and signed as 202&201.|
|St. Michael||205.679||331.008||205||MN 241 west / CSAH 36 – St. Michael|
|Hennepin||Rogers||208.352||335.310||207||MN 101 / CSAH 81 – Elk River, Rogers||Westbound exit signed as 207A (south CR 81 and north MN 101) and 207B (north MN 101 flyover ramp bypassing Diamond Lake Rd.). Eastbound exit signed as 207A&B.|
|Maple Grove||214.367||344.990||213||Maple Grove Parkway (CSAH 30)|
|216.326||348.143||215||CSAH 109 (Weaver Lake Road)|
|216||I-494 east / I-694 begins||West end of I-694 overlap, exit 27.|
|218.084||350.972||28||CSAH 61 (Hemlock Lane)|
|Maple Grove–Brooklyn Park
|219.603||353.417||29||US 169||Signed as exits 29A (south) and 29B (north)|
|Brooklyn Park||220.153||354.302||30||Boone Avenue|
|Brooklyn Center||223.103||359.049||33||CSAH 152 (Brooklyn Boulevard)|
|224.258||360.908||34||To MN 100 / Shingle Creek Parkway|
|225||I-694 east / MN 252 north||East end of I-694 overlap, exit 35B.|
|226||53rd Avenue North, 49th Avenue North|
|228.519||367.766||228||Dowling Avenue North|
|229||CSAH 81 (West Broadway Avenue) / Washington Avenue North|
|231.350||372.322||230||MN 55 west (Olson Highway, 7th Street North) / 4th Street North||West end of MN 55 overlap|
|231A||I-394 west / US 12 west||Half of the possible connections are missing between I-94 and I-394;[a] west end of US 12 overlap|
|Lowry Hill Tunnel|
|232.862||374.755||231B||Lyndale Avenue, Hennepin Avenue (Virginia Triangle)||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance only|
|233.609||375.957||233B||MN 65 south to I-35W south||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance only|
|233.737||376.163||233A||11th Street (west), 5th Avenue South (east)||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance only|
|232.696||374.488||233C||I-35W north||Eastbound exit only; I-35W exit 16A|
|233.904||376.432||233B||I-35W south||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance only; I-35W exit 16B|
|234.473||377.348||234A||MN 55 east (Hiawatha Avenue)||East end of MN 55 overlap|
|234.473||377.348||234B||5th Street||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance only|
|234.730||377.761||234C||CSAH 152 (Cedar Avenue)||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance only|
|235A||25th Avenue, Riverside Avenue|
|Dartmouth Bridge over the Mississippi River|
|Ramsey||Saint Paul||237.081||381.545||236||MN 280 / University Avenue, Pelham Boulevard|
|237.757||382.633||237||Cretin Avenue, Vandalia Street|
|239.065||384.738||238||MN 51 / Snelling Avenue|
|239.564||385.541||239A||Hamline Avenue||Westbound exit only|
|241.868||389.249||241A||Marion Street, Kellogg Boulevard – State Capitol|
|242.040||389.526||241B||10th Street, 5th Street||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|242.045||389.534||242A||12th Street – State Capitol||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance only|
|241C||I-35E south||West end of I-35E overlap; westbound exit and eastbound entrance only; I-35E exit 107B|
|242B||I-35E north / US 10 west||East end of I-35E overlap; west end of US 10 overlap; I-35E exit 107A|
|243.067||391.178||242C||7th Street||Eastbound exit only|
|243.448||391.792||242D||US 52 south / 6th Street||East end of US 52 overlap|
|244.070||392.793||243||US 61 north (Mounds Boulevard) / Kellogg Boulevard||West end of US 61 overlap|
|245.566||395.200||244||US 10 east / US 61 south||East end of US 10 / US 61 overlap|
|246.370||396.494||245||White Bear Avenue|
|246.866||397.292||246A||Ruth Street||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance only|
|247.370||398.103||246||McKnight Road||Signed as exits 246B (south) and 246C (north) eastbound and 246C-B westbound|
|Maplewood||248.328||399.645||247||MN 120 (Century Avenue)|
|249||I-494 south / I-694 north|
|250.838||403.685||250||CSAH 13 (Inwood Avenue, Radio Drive)|
|251.378||404.554||251||CSAH 19 (Keats Avenue, Woodbury Drive)|
|253.377||407.771||253||MN 95 south / CSAH 15 (Manning Avenue)||West end of MN 95 overlap|
|Lakeland||258.918||416.688||258||MN 95 north / CSAH 18 – Stillwater||East end of MN 95 overlap|
|St. Croix River||259.663||417.887||Minnesota–Wisconsin state line|
|St. Croix||Hudson||I-94 / US 12||Continuation into Wisconsin|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- I-394 - Direct link between Minneapolis and western suburbs
- I-494 - Southern/western portion of beltway loop
- I-694 - Northern/eastern portion of beltway loop
- There is no access from I-94 to I-394 east, from I-394 west to I-94 east, nor access from I-394 east to I-94 west.
- "Route Log- Main Routes of the Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways - Table 1". Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- "Rondo Neighborhood & I-94: Overview". Minnesota History Center - Gale Family Library. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
- Yuen, Laura (29 April 2010). "Central Corridor: In the shadow of Rondo". MPR News. Minnesota Public Radio. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
- Rupar, Aaron (19 August 2014). "St. Paul map shows how I-94 cut through heart of city's African-American neighborhood". City Pages. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
- Rupar, Aaron (18 August 2014). ""Racist" Twin Cities maps make point about interstate highways". City Pages. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
- Badger, Emily (13 July 2016). "Why highways have become the center of civil rights protest". The Washington Post. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
- Steve Riner Details of Routes 76 to 100. Unofficial Minnesota Highways Page. Accessed January 6, 2009.