Interstate 94 in Minnesota

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Interstate 94 marker

Interstate 94
I-94 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by MnDOT
Length259.49 mi[1] (417.61 km)
Major junctions
West end I-94 / US 52 at the North Dakota state line
 
East end I-94 / US 12 at the Wisconsin state line
Location
CountiesClay, Wilkin, Otter Tail, Grant, Douglas, Todd, Stearns, Wright, Hennepin, Ramsey, Washington
Highway system
  • Minnesota Trunk Highways
MN 93MN 95

Interstate 94 (I-94) in the U.S. state of Minnesota runs 259 miles (417 km) east–west through the central portion of the state. The highway connects the cities of Moorhead, Fergus Falls, Alexandria, St. Cloud, Minneapolis, and Saint Paul.

Route description[edit]

I-94 enters the state from North Dakota at the city of Moorhead and heads southeast after serving Moorhead.

Traveling southeast from Moorhead, there are several places where the elevation of I-94 rises slightly; these are "beaches" that formed as the glacial lake rose or fell. Finally, at Rothsay, I-94 climbs the last beach line and enters terrain more typical for Minnesota. From Rothsay to the Twin Cities, the terrain of I-94 is rolling with frequent lakes visible from the highway.

I-94 traverses by Fergus Falls, Alexandria, and Sauk Centre on its way to St. Cloud. The "original main street" in Sauk Centre near I-94 commemorates the Sinclair Lewis novel that skewered this town.

Monticello is roughly the midpoint exurb for both St. Cloud and Minneapolis. Between exits 201 (Albertville) and 194 (Monticello) sits the Minnesota Road Research Facility.

Upon arrival to the Twin Cities, I-94 first approaches Minneapolis from the north, then the highway turns east after passing through the Lowry Hill Tunnel and heads to Saint Paul while traveling east.

The road crosses the Mississippi River in Minneapolis between the Prospect Park and Seward neighborhoods. The highway joins Minneapolis and St. Paul together where it meets Minnesota State Highway 280 (MN 280). In Saint Paul, the routing of I-94 is set through the historic Rondo neighborhood, which prior to the highway's construction was the largest African-American community in Saint Paul.[2][3][4]

Upon leaving Saint Paul, the route travels through suburban Washington County and exits the state into Wisconsin between Lakeland, Minnesota, and Hudson, Wisconsin, while crossing the St. Croix River.

Legally, the Minnesota section of I-94 is defined as unmarked Legislative Route 392 in the Minnesota Statutes § 161.12(4).[5] I-94 is not marked with this legislative number along the actual highway.

History[edit]

I-94 in Minnesota was authorized as part of the original Interstate network in 1956. It was mostly constructed in the 1960s.

I-94 follows the original route of old U.S. Highway 52 (US 52) from Moorhead to St. Cloud, then I-94 stays south of the Mississippi River along the former route of old MN 152 between St. Cloud and the Twin Cities. I-94 then passes through both downtowns and exits toward Wisconsin along the former route of old US 12.

The first section of I-94 in Minnesota constructed was between Moorhead and Albany in the early 1960s, as an extension of the existing highway in North Dakota.[citation needed]

The section of I-94 between Minneapolis and Saint Paul was completed in 1968. In the Twin Cities, the construction of the highway was politically charged. The highway was built primarily through many working-class and black neighborhoods.[6][4] In Saint Paul, the routing of I-94 displaced the historic Rondo neighborhood, which prior to the highway construction was the largest African-American community in Saint Paul.[3][2][4]

The section of I-94 between Maple Grove and Brooklyn Center was completed in 1969.[citation needed]

The section of I-94 between Saint Augusta and Maple Grove was completed in 1973.[citation needed]

The section of I-94 between Albany and Saint Augusta was completed in 1977.[citation needed]

The section of I-94 from Brooklyn Center through north Minneapolis was completed in 1984. Like Rondo in the 1960s, this segment was through a primarily African-American and working-class neighborhood.[6]

The last section of I-94 in Minnesota constructed was the 10 miles (16 km) between its junction with I-494/I-694 at Woodbury and the Wisconsin state line at Lakeland. This was completed in 1985.[citation needed]

In 2004, a major traffic bottleneck was relieved when a third lane was constructed between Brooklyn Boulevard at Brooklyn Center and Hemlock Lane at Maple Grove. This is located immediately east of the I-494/I-694/I-94 interchange in Maple Grove, also known locally as the Fish Lake Interchange.[citation needed]

From September 2007 to October 2008, the Minnesota Department of Transportation (MnDOT) added a temporary extra lane to I-94 between northbound I-35W and MN 280 in the Twin Cities to help relieve traffic congestion caused by the collapse of the I-35W Mississippi River bridge. As a result, this portion of I-94 was not up to Interstate Highway standards during this time period.[citation needed]

Exit list[edit]

CountyLocationmikmExitDestinationsNotes
Red River of the North0.0000.000 I-94 west / US 52 west – Fargo, BismarckContinuation into North Dakota
North Dakota–Minnesota state line
ClayMoorhead0.5770.9291A US 75 – Moorhead, Breckenridge
1.5382.4751B20th StreetEastbound exit and westbound entrance only
2.7094.3602 I-94 Bus. west (34th Street) / CSAH 52 (Main Avenue Southeast)Signed as exits 2A (Main Avenue Southeast) and 2B (34th Street) eastbound
Glyndon Township6.0759.7776 MN 336 / CSAH 11 – Detroit Lakes, Sabin, Dilworth, Glyndon
Elkton Township15.23924.52515 CSAH 10 – Sabin, Downer
BarnesvilleHumboldt
township line
22.70036.53222 MN 9 – Barnesville
Barnesville24.54239.49724 MN 34 – Detroit Lakes, Barnesville
WilkinPrairie Township32.50052.30432 MN 108 / CSAH 30 – Pelican Rapids, Lawndale
WilkinOtter Tail
county line
Rothsay38.22661.51938Rothsay
Otter TailFergus Falls Township50.479–
50.899
81.238–
81.914
50 US 59 north / CSAH 88 – Fergus Falls, Pelican Rapids, Detroit LakesNorth end of US 59 overlap
Fergus Falls54.16787.17354 MN 210 west – Fergus Falls, BreckenridgeWest end of MN 210 overlap
55.86089.89855 CSAH 1 – Fergus Falls, Wendell
Buse Township57.88893.16257 MN 210 east / CSAH 25 – Fergus FallsEast end of MN 210 overlap
BuseDane Prairie
township line
61.67799.26061 US 59 south / CSAH 82 – Elbow Lake, Fergus FallsSouth end of US 59 overlap
Tumuli Township67.624108.83067 CSAH 35 – Dalton
GrantPelican Lake Township77.099124.07977 MN 78 north / CSAH 10 – Ashby, Barrett
DouglasEvansville Township82.908133.42782 MN 79 west / CSAH 41 – Evansville, Elbow Lake
Brandon Township90.096144.99590 CSAH 7 – Brandon
La Grand Township97.415156.77497 MN 114 south / CSAH 40 – Garfield, Lowry
Alexandria100.685162.037100 MN 27 west / CSAH 46 – AlexandriaWest end of MN 27 overlap
103.037165.822103 MN 29 – Alexandria, Glenwood
Orange Township114.361184.046114 MN 27 east / CSAH 3 – Osakis, WestportEast end of MN 27 overlap
ToddWest Union Township119.148191.750119 CSAH 46 – West Union
StearnsSauk Centre Township124.730200.733124 CSAH 72 (Sinclair Lewis Avenue)Eastbound exit and westbound entrance only
Sauk Centre127.179204.675127 US 71 / MN 28 – Sauk Centre, Willmar, Glenwood
Melrose Township131.079210.951131 MN 4 south – Meire Grove, Paynesville
Melrose134.974217.220135 CSAH 13 – Melrose
Oak Township137.864221.871137 MN 237 / CSAH 65 – New Munich
Freeport140.865226.700140 CSAH 11 – Freeport
Albany146.916236.438147 MN 238 / CSAH 10 – Albany
Avon153.313246.733153 CSAH 9 – Avon
Avon Township156.531251.912156 CR 159 – St. John's University
St. Joseph Township158.142254.505158 CSAH 75 – St. CloudEastbound exit and westbound entrance only
160.436258.197160 CSAH 2 – St. Joseph, Cold Spring
164.514264.760164 MN 23 – St. Cloud, Waite Park, Paynesville
St. Cloud167.137268.981167 MN 15 – St. Cloud, KimballSigned as exits 167A (south) and 167B (north)
171.223275.557171 CSAH 7 / CSAH 75 – St. Augusta, St. Cloud
173.674279.501173Opportunity Drive (County 75)
WrightClearwater178.953287.997178 MN 24 – Clearwater, Annandale
Silver Creek Township184.131296.330183 CSAH 8 – Hasty, Silver Creek
Monticello194.075312.333193 MN 25 – Monticello, Buffalo
195.577314.751194 CSAH 18 / CSAH 39 – Monticello
Albertville201.939324.989201 CSAH 19 – Albertville, St. MichaelNo eastbound entrance. Westbound exit via distributor ramp at exit 202.
202.693326.203202 CSAH 37 – AlbertvilleWestbound exit is a distributor ramp for exits 202 and 201 and signed as 202&201.
St. Michael205.679331.008205 MN 241 west / CSAH 36 – St. Michael
HennepinRogers208.352335.310207 MN 101 / CSAH 81 – Elk River, RogersWestbound exit signed as 207A (south CR 81 and north MN 101) and 207B (north MN 101 flyover ramp bypassing Diamond Lake Rd.). Eastbound exit signed as 207A&B.
Maple Grove212 MN 610 eastEastbound entrance and westbound entrance; opened December 2016
214.367344.990213 Maple Grove Parkway (CSAH 30)
216.326348.143215 CSAH 109 (Weaver Lake Road)
216.990–
217.593
349.212–
350.182
216 I-494 east / I-694 beginWest end of I-694 overlap; I-494/I-694 exit 27
218.084350.97228 CSAH 61 (Hemlock Lane)
Maple GroveBrooklyn Park
city line
219.603353.41729 US 169Signed as exits 29A (south) and 29B (north)
Brooklyn Park220.153354.30230Boone Avenue
221.078355.79131 CSAH 81
Brooklyn Center223.103359.04933 CSAH 152 (Brooklyn Boulevard)
224.258360.90834 To MN 100 / Shingle Creek Parkway
223.816–
225.620
360.197–
363.100
225 I-694 east / MN 252 northEast end of I-694 overlap, I-694 exit 35B
Minneapolis226.350–
227.351
364.275–
365.886
22653rd Avenue North / 49th Avenue North
228.519367.766228Dowling Avenue North
230.246–
230.590
370.545–
371.099
229 CSAH 81 (West Broadway Avenue) / North Washington AvenueWashington Avenue not signed eastbound
231.350372.322230 MN 55 west (Olson Memorial Highway) / 4th Street North / 7th Street NorthWest end of MN 55 overlap
231.929–
232.234
373.254–
373.744
231A I-394 / US 12 westNo access to I-394 / US 12 east; I-394 exit 8B
232.403–
232.688
374.016–
374.475
Lowry Hill Tunnel
232.862374.755231BLyndale Avenue / Hennepin Avenue (Virginia Triangle)
233.609375.957233B I-35W southEastbound exit and westbound entrance; I-35W exit 16A; access via old MN 65
233.737376.163233A11th StreetWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
233.696376.097233C I-35W northEastbound exit and westbound entrance; I-35W exit 16A
5th AvenueEastbound entrance only
233.904376.432233B I-35W southWestbound exit and eastbound entrance; I-35W exit 16B
234.473377.348234A MN 55 east (Hiawatha Avenue)East end of MN 55 overlap
234.473377.348234B5th StreetWestbound exit and eastbound entrance only
234.730377.761234C CSAH 152 (Cedar Avenue)Westbound exit and eastbound entrance only
235.296–
235.433
378.672–
378.893
235A25th Avenue / Riverside Avenue
235.716–
235.906
379.348–
379.654
Dartmouth Bridge over the Mississippi River
235.951–
236.085
379.726–
379.942
235BHuron Boulevard
RamseySaint Paul237.081381.545236 MN 280 / University Avenue / Pelham Boulevard
237.757382.633237Cretin Avenue / Vandalia Street
239.065384.738238 MN 51 / Snelling Avenue
239.564385.541239AHamline AvenueWestbound exit only
240.063386.344239BLexington Parkway
241.059387.947240Dale Street
241.868389.249241AMarion Street, Kellogg Boulevard – State Capitol
242.040389.526241B10th Street, 5th StreetEastbound exit and westbound entrance
242.045389.534242A12th Street – State CapitolWestbound exit and eastbound entrance only
242.252–
242.554
389.867–
390.353
241C I-35E southWest end of I-35E overlap; westbound exit and eastbound entrance only; I-35E exit 107B
242.768–
243.146
390.697–
391.306
242B I-35E north / US 10 westEast end of I-35E overlap; west end of US 10 overlap; I-35E exit 107A
243.067391.178242C7th StreetEastbound exit only
243.448391.792242D US 52 south / 6th StreetEast end of US 52 overlap; 6th Street not signed eastbound
244.070392.793243 US 61 north (Mounds Boulevard) / Kellogg BoulevardWest end of US 61 overlap
245.566395.200244 US 10 east / US 61 southEast end of US 10 / US 61 overlap
246.370396.494245White Bear Avenue
246.866397.292246ARuth StreetEastbound exit and westbound entrance only
Saint PaulMaplewood
city line
247.370398.103246McKnight RoadSigned as exits 246B (south) and 246C (north) eastbound and 246C-B westbound
Maplewood248.328399.645247 MN 120 (Century Avenue)
WashingtonWoodburyOakdale
city line
249.449–
249.848
401.449–
402.091
249 I-494 south / I-694 north
WoodburyLake Elmo
city line
250.838403.685250 CSAH 13 (Inwood Avenue, Radio Drive)
251.378404.554251 CSAH 19 (Keats Avenue, Woodbury Drive)
253.377407.771253 MN 95 south / CSAH 15 (Manning Avenue)West end of MN 95 overlap
Lakeland258.918416.688258 MN 95 north / CSAH 18 – StillwaterEast end of MN 95 overlap
St. Croix River259.663417.887Minnesota–Wisconsin state line
I-94 east / US 12 east – MadisonContinuation into Wisconsin
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Auxiliary routes[edit]

  • I-394, direct link between Minneapolis and western suburbs
  • I-494, southern/western portion of beltway loop
  • I-694, northern/eastern portion of beltway loop

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata
  1. ^ Adderly, Kevin (January 30, 2018). "Table 1: Main Routes of the Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways as of December 31, 2017". Route Log and Finder List. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved September 29, 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Rondo Neighborhood & I-94: Overview". Minnesota History Center, Gale Family Library. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
  3. ^ a b Yuen, Laura (April 29, 2010). "Central Corridor: In the Shadow of Rondo". MPR News. Minnesota Public Radio. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
  4. ^ a b c Rupar, Aaron (August 19, 2014). "St. Paul Map Shows How I-94 Cut Through Heart of City's African-American Neighborhood". City Pages. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ a b Rupar, Aaron (August 18, 2014). "'Racist' Twin Cities Maps Make Point About Interstate Highways". City Pages. Retrieved July 13, 2016.

External links[edit]


Interstate 94
Previous state:
North Dakota
Minnesota Next state:
Wisconsin