Interstate 94 in Minnesota

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This article is about the section of Interstate 94 in Minnesota. For the entire route, see Interstate 94.

Interstate 94 marker

Interstate 94
Interstate 94 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by Mn/DOT
Length: 259.49 mi[1] (417.61 km)
Major junctions
West end: I-94 / US 52 at the North Dakota state line
  US 75 at Moorhead
US 59 at Fergus Falls
US 71 at Sauk Centre
US 169 at Brooklyn Park , Maple Grove
I-394 / US 12 at Minneapolis
I-35W at Minneapolis
I-35E / US 52 at Saint Paul
US 61 / US 10 at Saint Paul
East end: I-94 / US 12 at the Wisconsin state line
Location
Counties: Clay, Wilkin, Otter Tail, Grant, Douglas, Todd, Stearns, Wright, Hennepin, Ramsey, Washington
Highway system
  • Minnesota Trunk Highways
MN 93 MN 95

In the U.S. state of Minnesota, Interstate 94 runs 259 miles (417 km) east–west through the central portion of the state. The route connects the cities of Moorhead, Fergus Falls, Alexandria, St. Cloud, Minneapolis, and Saint Paul.

Route description[edit]

Interstate 94 enters the state from North Dakota at the city of Moorhead and heads southeast after serving Moorhead.

Traveling southeast from Moorhead, there are several places where the elevation of I-94 rises slightly; these are "beaches" that formed as the glacial lake rose or fell. Finally, at Rothsay, I-94 climbs the last beach line and enters terrain more typical for Minnesota. From Rothsay to the Twin Cities, the terrain of I-94 is rolling with frequent lakes visible from the highway.

I-94 traverses by Fergus Falls, Alexandria, and Sauk Centre on its way to St. Cloud. The "original main street" in Sauk Centre near I-94 commemorates the Sinclair Lewis novel that skewered this town.

Monticello is roughly the midpoint exurb for both St. Cloud and Minneapolis. Between exits 201 (Albertville) and 194 (Monticello) sits the Minnesota Road Research Facility.

Upon arrival to the Twin Cities, I-94 first approaches Minneapolis from the north, then the highway turns east after passing through the Lowry Hill Tunnel and heads to Saint Paul while traveling east.

The road crosses the Mississippi River in Minneapolis between the Prospect Park and Seward neighborhoods. The highway joins Minneapolis and St. Paul together where it meets MN Highway 280. In Saint Paul, the routing of I-94 is set through the historic Rondo neighborhood, which prior to the highway's construction was the largest African-American community in Saint Paul.[2][3][4]

Upon leaving Saint Paul, the route travels through suburban Washington County and exits the state into Wisconsin between Lakeland, MN and Hudson, WI, while crossing the St. Croix River.

Legally, the Minnesota section of Interstate 94 is defined as unmarked Legislative Route 392 in the Minnesota Statutes § 161.12(4).[1] Interstate 94 is not marked with this legislative number along the actual highway.

Concurrencies and reroutes[edit]

  • 40 miles (64 km) north of the Twin Cities near Albertville, the Minnesota Department of Transportation (Mn/DOT) operates the Minnesota Road Research Facility, which studies the effect of traffic on various road surface types. Westbound traffic is redirected onto 3.5 miles (5.5 km) of pavement outfitted with thousands of sensors. There is a straight-through bypass (the original highway) that can be used when researchers are examining the road up close.
  • U.S. Highway 52 is invisibly concurrent with Interstate 94 between the city of Moorhead and downtown Saint Paul. U.S. 52 is signed on maps for this portion, but not along the actual highway.
  • U.S. Highway 12 is invisibly concurrent with Interstates 94 and 394 through Minneapolis and Saint Paul to the Minnesota/Wisconsin state line at Hudson. U.S. 12 is signed on maps for this portion, but only briefly along the actual highway.
  • Following the I-35W Bridge collapse on August 1, 2007, the detour for I-35W followed I-94 from I-35W to State Highway 280. I-94 was quickly widened by a lane in each direction for this portion to accommodate the additional traffic burden. This detour ended on September 18, 2008 when a new bridge replacing the collapsed span opened.

History[edit]

Interstate 94 in Minnesota was authorized as part of the original interstate network in 1956. It was mostly constructed in the 1960s.

I-94 follows the original route of old U.S. Highway 52 from Moorhead to St. Cloud, then I-94 stays south of the Mississippi River along the former route of old State Highway 152 between St. Cloud and the Twin Cities. I-94 then passes through both downtowns and exits toward Wisconsin along the former route of old U.S. Highway 12.

The first section of I-94 in Minnesota constructed was between Moorhead and Albany in the early 1960s, as an extension of the existing highway in North Dakota.

The section of I-94 between Minneapolis and Saint Paul was completed in 1968. In the Twin Cities, the construction of the highway was politically charged. The highway was built primarily through many working-class and African-American neighborhoods.[5][4] In Saint Paul, the routing of I-94 is set through and displaces the historic Rondo neighborhood, which prior to the highway construction was the largest African-American community in Saint Paul. By uprooting almost the entire neighborhood, the highway disrupted the vitality of the Saint Paul African American community.[3][2][4] This history influenced the July 2016 blockade of nearby I-35W by Black Lives Matter protesters, to whom the freeways are symbols of oppressive urban policy.[6]

The section of I-94 between Maple Grove and Brooklyn Center was completed in 1969.

The section of I-94 between Saint Augusta and Maple Grove was completed in 1973.

The section of I-94 between Albany and Saint Augusta was completed in 1977.

The section of I-94 from Brooklyn Center through north Minneapolis was completed in 1984. Like Rondo in the 1960s, this segment was through a primarily African-American and working-class neighborhood.[5]

The last section of I-94 in Minnesota constructed was the ten miles (16 km) between its junction with I-494 / I-694 at Woodbury and the Wisconsin state line at Lakeland. This was completed in 1985.

In 2004, a major traffic bottleneck was relieved when a third lane was constructed between Brooklyn Boulevard at Brooklyn Center and Hemlock Lane at Maple Grove. This is located immediately east of the I-494 / 694 / 94 interchange in Maple Grove, also known locally as the Fish Lake Interchange.

From September 2007 to October 2008, the Minnesota Department of Transportation (Mn/DOT) added a temporary extra lane to I-94 between northbound I-35W and MN-280 in the Twin Cities to help relieve traffic congestion caused by the collapse of the I-35W Mississippi River bridge. As a result, this portion of I-94 was not up to Interstate Highway standards during this time period.

On November 17, 2015, a group of Black Lives Matter protesters blocked westbound traffic on the highway in response to the officer-involved shooting of Jamar Clark.[7]

Exit list[edit]

County Location mi km Exit Destinations Notes
Cass Fargo I-94 / US 52 Continuation into North Dakota
Red River of the North 0.000 0.000 North Dakota–Minnesota state line
Clay Moorhead 0.577 0.929 1A US 75 – Moorhead, Breckenridge
1.538 2.475 1B 20th Street Eastbound exit and westbound entrance only
2.709 4.360 2 I-94 Bus. west (34th Street) / CSAH 52 (Main Street Southeast) Signed as exits 2A (Main Street Southeast) and 2B (34th Street) eastbound
Glyndon Township 6.075 9.777 6 MN 336 / CSAH 11 – Detroit Lakes, Sabin, Dilworth, Glyndon
Elkton Township 15.239 24.525 15 CSAH 10 – Sabin, Downer
BarnesvilleHumboldt
township line
22.700 36.532 22 MN 9 – Barnesville
Barnesville 24.542 39.497 24 MN 34 – Detroit Lakes, Barnesville
Wilkin Prairie Township 32.500 52.304 32 MN 108 / CSAH 30 – Pelican Rapids, Lawndale
WilkinOtter Tail
county line
Rothsay 38.226 61.519 38 Rothsay
Otter Tail Fergus Falls Township 50.479–
50.899
81.238–
81.914
50 US 59 north / CSAH 88 – Fergus Falls, Pelican Rapids, Detroit Lakes North end of US 59 overlap
Fergus Falls 54.167 87.173 54 MN 210 west – Fergus Falls, Breckenridge West end of MN 210 overlap
55.860 89.898 55 CSAH 1 – Fergus Falls, Wendell
Buse Township 57.888 93.162 57 MN 210 east / CSAH 25 – Fergus Falls East end of MN 210 overlap
BuseDane Prairie
township line
61.677 99.260 61 US 59 south / CSAH 82 – Elbow Lake, Fergus Falls South end of US 59 overlap
Tumuli Township 67.624 108.830 67 CSAH 35 – Dalton
Grant Pelican Lake Township 77.099 124.079 77 MN 78 north / CSAH 10 – Ashby, Barrett
Douglas Evansville Township 82.908 133.427 82 MN 79 west / CSAH 41 – Evansville, Elbow Lake
Brandon Township 90.096 144.995 90 CSAH 7 – Brandon
La Grand Township 97.415 156.774 97 MN 114 south / CSAH 40 – Garfield, Lowry
Alexandria 100.685 162.037 100 MN 27 west / CSAH 46 – Alexandria West end of MN 27 overlap
103.037 165.822 103 MN 29 – Alexandria, Glenwood
Orange Township 114.361 184.046 114 MN 27 east / CSAH 3 – Osakis, Westport East end of MN 27 overlap
Todd West Union Township 119.148 191.750 119 CSAH 46 – West Union
Stearns Sauk Centre Township 124.730 200.733 124 CSAH 72 (Sinclair Lewis Avenue) Eastbound exit and westbound entrance only
Sauk Centre 127.179 204.675 127 US 71 / MN 28 – Sauk Centre, Willmar, Glenwood
Melrose Township 131.079 210.951 131 MN 4 south – Meire Grove, Paynesville
Melrose 134.974 217.220 135 CSAH 13 – Melrose
Oak Township 137.864 221.871 137 MN 237 / CSAH 65 – New Munich
Freeport 140.865 226.700 140 CSAH 11 – Freeport
Albany 146.916 236.438 147 MN 238 / CSAH 10 – Albany
Avon 153.313 246.733 153 CSAH 9 – Avon
Avon Township 156.531 251.912 156 CR 159 – St. John's University
St. Joseph Township 158.142 254.505 158 CSAH 75 – St. Cloud Eastbound exit and westbound entrance only
160.436 258.197 160 CSAH 2 – St. Joseph, Cold Spring
164.514 264.760 164 MN 23 – St. Cloud, Waite Park, Paynesville
St. Cloud 167.137 268.981 167 MN 15 – St. Cloud, Kimball Signed as exits 167A (south) and 167B (north)
171.223 275.557 171 CSAH 7 / CSAH 75 – St. Augusta, St. Cloud
173.674 279.501 173 Opportunity Drive (County 75)
Wright Clearwater 178.953 287.997 178 MN 24 – Clearwater, Annandale
Silver Creek Township 184.131 296.330 183 CSAH 8 – Hasty, Silver Creek
Monticello 194.075 312.333 193 MN 25 – Monticello, Buffalo
195.577 314.751 194 CSAH 18 / CSAH 39 – Monticello
Albertville 201.939 324.989 201 CSAH 19 – Albertville, St. Michael No eastbound entrance. Westbound exit via distributor ramp at exit 202.
202.693 326.203 202 CSAH 37 – Albertville Westbound exit is a distributor ramp for exits 202 and 201 and signed as 202&201.
St. Michael 205.679 331.008 205 MN 241 west / CSAH 36 – St. Michael
Hennepin Rogers 208.352 335.310 207 MN 101 / CSAH 81 – Elk River, Rogers Westbound exit signed as 207A (south CR 81 and north MN 101) and 207B (north MN 101 flyover ramp bypassing Diamond Lake Rd.). Eastbound exit signed as 207A&B.
Maple Grove 214.367 344.990 213 Maple Grove Parkway (CSAH 30)
216.326 348.143 215 CSAH 109 (Weaver Lake Road)
216.990–
217.593
349.212–
350.182
216 I-494 east / I-694 begins West end of I-694 overlap, exit 27.
218.084 350.972 28 CSAH 61 (Hemlock Lane)
Maple GroveBrooklyn Park
city line
219.603 353.417 29 US 169 Signed as exits 29A (south) and 29B (north)
Brooklyn Park 220.153 354.302 30 Boone Avenue
221.078 355.791 31 CSAH 81
Brooklyn Center 223.103 359.049 33 CSAH 152 (Brooklyn Boulevard)
224.258 360.908 34 To MN 100 / Shingle Creek Parkway
223.816–
225.620
360.197–
363.100
225 I-694 east / MN 252 north East end of I-694 overlap, exit 35B.
Minneapolis 226.350–
227.351
364.275–
365.886
226 53rd Avenue North, 49th Avenue North
228.519 367.766 228 Dowling Avenue North
230.246–
230.590
370.545–
371.099
229 CSAH 81 (West Broadway Avenue) / Washington Avenue North
231.350 372.322 230 MN 55 west (Olson Highway, 7th Street North) / 4th Street North West end of MN 55 overlap
231.929–
232.234
373.254–
373.744
231A I-394 west / US 12 west Half of the possible connections are missing between I-94 and I-394;[a] west end of US 12 overlap
232.403–
232.688
374.016–
374.475
Lowry Hill Tunnel
232.862 374.755 231B Lyndale Avenue, Hennepin Avenue (Virginia Triangle) Westbound exit and eastbound entrance only
233.609 375.957 233B MN 65 south to I-35W south Eastbound exit and westbound entrance only
233.737 376.163 233A 11th Street (west), 5th Avenue South (east) Westbound exit and eastbound entrance only
232.696 374.488 233C I-35W north Eastbound exit only; I-35W exit 16A
233.904 376.432 233B I-35W south Westbound exit and eastbound entrance only; I-35W exit 16B
234.473 377.348 234A MN 55 east (Hiawatha Avenue) East end of MN 55 overlap
234.473 377.348 234B 5th Street Westbound exit and eastbound entrance only
234.730 377.761 234C CSAH 152 (Cedar Avenue) Westbound exit and eastbound entrance only
235.296–
235.433
378.672–
378.893
235A 25th Avenue, Riverside Avenue
235.716–
235.906
379.348–
379.654
Dartmouth Bridge over the Mississippi River
235.951–
236.085
379.726–
379.942
235B Huron Boulevard
Ramsey Saint Paul 237.081 381.545 236 MN 280 / University Avenue, Pelham Boulevard
237.757 382.633 237 Cretin Avenue, Vandalia Street
239.065 384.738 238 MN 51 / Snelling Avenue
239.564 385.541 239A Hamline Avenue Westbound exit only
240.063 386.344 239B Lexington Parkway
241.059 387.947 240 Dale Street
241.868 389.249 241A Marion Street, Kellogg Boulevard – State Capitol
242.040 389.526 241B 10th Street, 5th Street Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
242.045 389.534 242A 12th Street – State Capitol Westbound exit and eastbound entrance only
242.252–
242.554
389.867–
390.353
241C I-35E south West end of I-35E overlap; westbound exit and eastbound entrance only; I-35E exit 107B
242.768–
243.146
390.697–
391.306
242B I-35E north / US 10 west East end of I-35E overlap; west end of US 10 overlap; I-35E exit 107A
243.067 391.178 242C 7th Street Eastbound exit only
243.448 391.792 242D US 52 south / 6th Street East end of US 52 overlap
244.070 392.793 243 US 61 north (Mounds Boulevard) / Kellogg Boulevard West end of US 61 overlap
245.566 395.200 244 US 10 east / US 61 south East end of US 10 / US 61 overlap
246.370 396.494 245 White Bear Avenue
246.866 397.292 246A Ruth Street Eastbound exit and westbound entrance only
Saint PaulMaplewood
city line
247.370 398.103 246 McKnight Road Signed as exits 246B (south) and 246C (north) eastbound and 246C-B westbound
Maplewood 248.328 399.645 247 MN 120 (Century Avenue)
Washington WoodburyOakdale
city line
249.449–
249.848
401.449–
402.091
249 I-494 south / I-694 north
WoodburyLake Elmo
city line
250.838 403.685 250 CSAH 13 (Inwood Avenue, Radio Drive)
251.378 404.554 251 CSAH 19 (Keats Avenue, Woodbury Drive)
253.377 407.771 253 MN 95 south / CSAH 15 (Manning Avenue) West end of MN 95 overlap
Lakeland 258.918 416.688 258 MN 95 north / CSAH 18 – Stillwater East end of MN 95 overlap
St. Croix River 259.663 417.887 Minnesota–Wisconsin state line
St. Croix Hudson I-94 / US 12 Continuation into Wisconsin
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Auxiliary routes[edit]

  • I-394 - Direct link between Minneapolis and western suburbs
  • I-494 - Southern/western portion of beltway loop
  • I-694 - Northern/eastern portion of beltway loop

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ There is no access from I-94 to I-394 east, from I-394 west to I-94 east, nor access from I-394 east to I-94 west.

References[edit]

Route map: Bing / Google

KML is from Wikidata
  1. ^ "Route Log- Main Routes of the Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways - Table 1". Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Rondo Neighborhood & I-94: Overview". Minnesota History Center - Gale Family Library. Retrieved 13 July 2016. 
  3. ^ a b Yuen, Laura (29 April 2010). "Central Corridor: In the shadow of Rondo". MPR News. Minnesota Public Radio. Retrieved 13 July 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c Rupar, Aaron (19 August 2014). "St. Paul map shows how I-94 cut through heart of city's African-American neighborhood". City Pages. Retrieved 13 July 2016. 
  5. ^ a b Rupar, Aaron (18 August 2014). ""Racist" Twin Cities maps make point about interstate highways". City Pages. Retrieved 13 July 2016. 
  6. ^ Badger, Emily (13 July 2016). "Why highways have become the center of civil rights protest". The Washington Post. Retrieved 14 July 2016. 
  7. ^ http://minnesota.cbslocal.com/2015/11/16/black-lives-matter-protesters-shut-down-i-94-in-minneapolis/


Interstate 94
Previous state:
North Dakota
Minnesota Next state:
Wisconsin