Intertransversarii

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Intertransversarii
Intertransversarii muscles.jpg
Intertransversarii muscles
Details
Origin Transverse process
Insertion Transverse process above
Nerve Ventral rami and Dorsal rami of spinal nerves
Actions Lateral flexion of trunk
Identifiers
Latin Musculi intertransversarii
Dorlands
/Elsevier
m_22/12549464
TA A04.3.02.401
FMA 22848
Anatomical terms of muscle

The intertransversarii are small muscles placed between the transverse processes of the vertebrae.

Structure[edit]

Cervical[edit]

In the cervical region they are best developed, consisting of rounded muscular and tendinous fasciculi, and are placed in pairs, passing between the anterior and the posterior tubercles respectively of the transverse processes of two contiguous vertebrae, and separated from one another by an anterior primary division of the cervical nerve, which lies in the groove between them.

  • The muscles connecting the anterior tubercles are termed the anterior intertransversarii.
  • Those between the posterior tubercles are termed the posterior intertransversarii.

Both sets are supplied by the anterior divisions of the spinal nerves.

There are seven pairs of these muscles, the first pair being between the atlas and axis, and the last pair between the seventh cervical and first thoracic vertebræ.

Thoracic[edit]

In the thoracic region they are present between the transverse processes of the lower three thoracic vertebrae, and between the transverse processes of the last thoracic and the first lumbar. These are called the thoracic intertransversarii and are supplied by the posterior division of the spinal nerve.

Lumbar[edit]

In the lumbar region they are arranged in pairs, on either side of the vertebral column,

  • one set occupying the entire interspace between the transverse processes of the lumbar vertebrae, are the lateral lumbar intertransversarii.
  • the other set, the medial lumbar intertransversarii, passing from the accessory process of one vertebra to the mammillary of the vertebra below.

The intertransversarii laterales are supplied by the anterior divisions, and the intertransversarii mediales by the posterior divisions of the spinal nerves.

Function[edit]

They contribute little to movement on their own, but they stabilize adjoining vertebrae allowing more effective action from other muscle groups.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)


External links[edit]