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Location of Intibuca in Honduras
|• Gobernador||Juan José Rivas Velásquez (2010-2014) (PNH)|
|• Total||3,123 km2 (1,206 sq mi)|
|• Density||77/km2 (200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CDT (UTC+6)|
|Postal code||14101, 14201|
|ISO 3166 code||HN-IN|
Intibucá is one of the 18 departments in the Republic of Honduras. Intibucá covers a total surface area of 1,186.1 square miles (3,072 km2). Its capital is the city of La Esperanza, in the municipality of La Esperanza.
The department of Intibucá was created on April 16, 1883 upon recommendation of the Governor of the department of Gracias (now called Lempira), Jose Maria Cacho in 1869. He advised that the vast size of Gracias made it difficult to govern and that it would be desirable to divide it into more than one department.
On March 7, 1883 Decree No. 10 was issued, which called for the creation of a new department to be named Intibucá in April of that year. The town of La Esperanza was designated to be the capital of the new department. To create the new department, territory from both the departments of Gracias and La Paz were reassigned.
The department of Intibucá is situated between latitudes 13°51'E and 14°42'N and longitudes 87°46'W and 88°42'W. It is bounded on the north by the departments of Comayagua, Lempira, and Santa Bárbara, on the east by the departments of Comayagua and La Paz, on the west by the department of Lempira, and on the south by the Republic of El Salvador. Intibucá is the most mountainous district of Honduras. The capital of La Esperanza lies at an elevation of 4,950 feet (1,510 m) above sea level. The table-land and valleys are higher than in any other part of the country, and the ranges of the Cordilleras rise to an altitude approaching 10,000 feet (3,000 m) feet above sea level.
The valley of Otoro is 30 km long by 8 km wide.
The Opalaca mountains have several ridges and crosses over into the department of La Paz. Sierra de Montecillos is a natural border with the departament of Comayagua, and contains the mountains Opatoro, Concepción, El Picacho, Goascotoro, El Granadino among others.
Rivers of La Esperanza include the San Juan River and the Intibucá River, which passes through La Esperanza. Otoro River is a tributary of the Ulua River, and carries water to the Otoro valley. The Black River, known by the name of Guarajambala River, serves as a dividing line with the department of Lempira. Torola River and Gualcarque River flow into the Lempa river.
According to the 1895 census, Intibucá had a population of 18,957 people at that time. In 2007, it had grown to about 232,509 people, living in 104 villages (aldeas) and 910 hamlets (caseríos).
The mountains and slopes are well supplied with pine and Oak forests, and the valleys thrive with fertile, well-watered soil, covered with vegetation characteristic of the temperate rather than tropical zone.
Intibucá has the following municipalities of Honduras:
- Jesús de Otoro
- La Esperanza
- San Antonio
- San Francisco de Opalaca
- San Isidro
- San Juan
- San Marco de Sierra
- San Miguelito
- Santa Lucía
- General Vicente Tosta Carrasco, President of the country (1924-1925)
- Doctor Vicente Mejía Colindres, Constitutional presidente of the Republic (1929-1933)
- General Gregorio Ferrera, military officer, politician, and Honduran leader
- Rafael Manzanares Aguilar, Honduran folklorist, author and musical composer; founder and first director of the National Office of Folklore of Honduras (Oficina del Folklore Nacional de Honduras); founder and first director and choreographer of the Cuadro de Danzas Folklóricas de Honduras.
- Rafael Pineda Ponce, politician and educator, born in San Miguelito.
- Natanael del Cid Menedez, Politician, Rancher, Constitutionalist.
- Asociación de Municipios de Honduras. "Alcaldes y Alcaldesas". Retrieved 2013-10-14.
- BVS Nacionales. "Alcades de Honduras" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-10-14.
- Alfred Keane Moe; John Hampden Porter (1904). Honduras: Geographical sketch, natural resources, laws, economic conditions, actual development, prospects of future growth. Internal Bureau of the American Republics, US Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. pp. 44–46.
- Harcourt, C.; J. Sayer (1996). The Conservation Atlas of Tropical Forests: The Americas. Simon & Schuster, New York. ISBN 978-0133408867.
- George Powell, Sue Palminteri, Claudia Locklin, and Jan Schipper (WWF). "Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests. Central America: Southern Mexico, Southern Guatemala, into Honduras, El Salvador, and Nicaragua". Retrieved 2013-10-15.