Into the Labyrinth (Dead Can Dance album)
This article is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. (August 2015)
|Into the Labyrinth|
|Studio album by|
|Released||13 September 1993|
|Genre||Neoclassical dark wave, world, neo-medieval|
|Dead Can Dance chronology|
|Singles from Into the Labyrinth|
|Christgau's Consumer Guide||D|
|Los Angeles Times|||
Into the Labyrinth is the sixth studio album by Dead Can Dance, the duo of Lisa Gerrard and Brendan Perry. Released on 13 September 1993 by 4AD, it marked a strong shift from their previous albums, putting ethnic music influences at the forefront, as would be the case in the later albums. It was their first album completed on their own without the aid of guest musicians, and their first album to have a major-label release in the US, thanks to a distribution deal that 4AD had with Warner Bros. Records. It featured the single "The Ubiquitous Mr Lovegrove". Into the Labyrinth was a major success, selling more than 500,000 copies worldwide.
Into the Labyrinth was a marked change on many fronts from the previous album Aion, released three years earlier. Perry and Gerrard were now living far apart and writing music independently (Perry was living on an island in the middle of a river in Ireland, while Gerrard lived in Australia with her husband and daughter). For the album, Gerrard traveled back to Perry's studio Quivvy Church (in County Cavan, Ireland) where they merged their songs and recorded the album over a period of three months together. This was the first album where Perry and Gerrard played all instruments, without guest musicians. The lyrics are in English on tracks 2–4, 8, and 11. Gerrard sings in a self-created wordless vocal technique similar to glossolalia on tracks 1, 5–7, 9–10. Tracks 3 and 10 were performed a cappella.
In the UK, the CD album was simultaneously released along a limited edition double vinyl LP (featuring "Bird" and "Spirit", the two 1991 bonus tracks from A Passage in Time).
The title alludes to the classic legend of Greek mythology about Theseus going into the Labyrinth against the Minotaur. While not necessarily a concept album, this link adds some conceptual cohesion to the album. This theme is reflected in several song titles: "Ariadne" (the legendary Ariadne giving her clew to Theseus); "Towards the Within" (of the Labyrinth, the Minotaur being at the centre); "The Spider's Stratagem" (waiting at the centre of her web like the Minotaur waiting at the centre of the Labyrinth—but also a Bertolucci film adapting a Borges short story from Labyrinths): and "Emmeleia" (the Greek dance of tragedy)
- "Yulunga (Spirit Dance)": in Gerrard's native Australia, yulunga means "dance" or "spirit dance", apparently related to the verb yulugi (to dance, to play) in the Gamilaraay language of the Aboriginal Kamilaroi (Indigenous Australians). In an Aboriginal dreamtime legend, Yulunga is a variant of Julunggul, the Aboriginal mythological Rainbow Serpent goddess. (There is also a Yulunga Street and a Yulunga Festival in South Australia.) This song was used as the introductory track on the 1994 yoga video Ali MacGraw: Yoga, Mind & Body.
- "The Ubiquitous Mr Lovegrove": Perry described him as his alter ego, "the abstract relationship of myself and woman". This song was played during the strip club scene in the 1995 Sean Penn film The Crossing Guard. The title referred to a 1965 Secret Agent episode.
- "The Wind That Shakes the Barley": A late 18th-century traditional Irish ballad that Lisa Gerrard wanted to record her own version of, "it was meant to be a rallying song, but it has such an intense sadness that it becomes an anti-war song". The liner notes described it as "dedicated to the memory of Maureen Copper", but nothing else is established about that person. The recording was sampled by hip hop producer 4th Disciple on Killarmy's song "Blood for Blood", which appeared on the album Silent Weapons for Quiet Wars.
- "The Carnival Is Over": It was described as a reminiscence of pre-teen Perry living in East London, visiting the circus. It also featured a borrowed lyric from Joy Division's "The Eternal" in the form of "(the) procession moves on, the shouting is over".
- "Ariadne": The title referred to the Greek legend of Ariadne and the Labyrinth.
- "Towards the Within": The title referred obliquely to the Labyrinth, because Theseus had to journey towards the within to reach the Minotaur at the centre.
- "Tell Me About the Forest": Perry explained, "When you live in Ireland you see the people who have been away for years returning to their parents, and you also see those they leave behind... the breaking down of tradition along with the uprooting and upheaval of tribes. In Ireland, and in the rain forests. If we could only keep the oral traditions going, and leave the clerical bull behind... ". Like "The Carnival Is Over", this song borrowed a Joy Division lyric – the line "and we're changing our ways, (Yes we are) taking (on) different roads" from "Love Will Tear Us Apart".
- "The Spider's Stratagem": The title referred obliquely to the Labyrinth, via the 1970 Bertolucci film The Spider's Stratagem (La strategia del ragno) adapting a short story by master of the Labyrinth Jorge Luis Borges, "Theme of the Traitor and Hero" published in English in Labyrinths. This song was also used in the 1994 yoga video Ali MacGraw: Yoga, Mind & Body.
- "Emmeleia": The title (in Greek ἐμμέλεια, meaning "gracefulness" or "harmonization") was the name of the grave and dignified dance of tragedy in the theatre of ancient Greece (each dramatic genre featured its own chorus dance, being the emmeleia or emmelīa in tragedy, the kordax or cordax in comedy, and the sikinnis or sicinnis in satyr-play). The "lyrics" derive from Lisa Gerrard's usual glossolalia, but because she had to write down a phonetic version for Brendan Perry to sing along with her, this song sounds much more like a structured language. Written transcriptions exist but no language could be recognised.
- "How Fortunate the Man With None": For the lyrics, Perry picked four stanzas from Bertolt Brecht's 1928 poem "Die Ballade von den Prominenten", in the English translation by John Willett (Brecht used a similar version of this poem as "Die Schädlichkeit von Tugenden" in his 1939 play Mother Courage and Her Children, and a slightly different version as "Salomon-Song" in his 1928 Threepenny Opera, act III, number 18). Perry then set them to music for a Temenos Academy production of the play. It was only the second time such permission was granted by the Brecht estate, the previous one being in 1963.
- "Yulunga (Spirit Dance)" – 6:56
- "The Ubiquitous Mr Lovegrove" – 6:17
- "The Wind That Shakes the Barley" – 2:49
- "The Carnival Is Over" – 5:28
- "Ariadne" – 1:54
- "Saldek" – 1:07
- "Towards the Within" – 7:06
- "Tell Me About the Forest (You Once Called Home)" – 5:42
- "The Spider's Stratagem" – 6:42
- "Emmeleia" – 2:04
- "How Fortunate the Man With None" – 9:15
Tracks written by Dead Can Dance (Lisa Gerrard and Brendan Perry), except track 3 (words and music by Dr Robert Dwyer Joyce, traditional, arranged by Dead Can Dance) and track 11 (words by Bertolt Brecht, English translation by John Willett).
The 1993 (DAD 3013), 2008 and 2010 limited-edition double-vinyl LP releases had / 1–3 / 4–7 // "Bird" 8–9 / "Spirit" 10–11 / adding the following:
- "Bird" – 5:00
- "Spirit" – 4:59
The 2016 double-vinyl reissue (DAD 3621) features the CD's track list over sides A, B and C; "Bird" and "Spirit" make up side D of this release.
- Lisa Gerrard – vocals (on 1, 3, 5–7, 9–10), performer (uncredited instruments)
- Brendan Perry – vocals (on 2, 4, 7–8, 10–11), performer (uncredited instruments), percussions, sound samples (birds, etc.)
- Brendan Perry – engineer, producer (at Quivvy Church)
- Touhami Ennadre – front cover image ("Hands of the World" photograph)
- John Sherwin – inside image ("Towards the Within" stage set)
- Ken Kavanagh – all other inside images (photographs)
- Chris Bigg – sleeve design (with Brendan Perry)
|United Kingdom||13 September 1993|
|United States||14 September 1993|
|Japan, United Kingdom, United States, Europe||2008|
- Into the Labyrinth. liner notes (CD version ed.). Beggars Banquet/4AD. CAD 3013 CD.
- "Into the Labyrinth press kit". 4AD Records, Dead Can Dance Within (official DCD webstore). Retrieved 20 July 2007.
- "Into the Labyrinth press reviews". Lycos Entertainment, Lycos Music. Archived from the original on 18 January 2008. Retrieved 20 July 2007.
- Raggett, Ned. "Into the Labyrinth – Dead Can Dance". AllMusic. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- Christgau, Robert (2000). "Dead Can Dance: Into the Labyrinth". Christgau's Consumer Guide: Albums of the '90s. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-24560-2. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- Jones, Anderson (15 October 1993). "Into the Labyrinth". Entertainment Weekly: 76. Archived from the original on 25 April 2009. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- Ali, Lorraine (7 November 1993). "Dead Can Dance, 'Into the Labyrinth,' 4AD". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Dead Can Dance: Into the Labyrinth". Q (86): 116. November 1993.
- Aboriginal Dreamtime Legends: "Yulunga and the Watagora", Burramadagal clan of the Dharrug tribe
- Into the Labyrinth press kit, op. cit.
- "Ancient Greece and Rome 1200 B.c.e.-476 C.e.: Dance"
- In 1996, Ron Butters (Professor of English and Cultural Anthropology and a member of the Linguistics Faculty) was asked by a student if he could identify the language of "Emmeleia". Butters made a transcription but couldn't go further, then asked about it on the American Dialect Society mailing-list but received no answer. (Link to Butters' 1996 post with transcript at AmericanDialect.org.) Butters' transcription could possibly be the basis for all the current "Emmeleia lyrics" pages, but because the lyrics pages are much more precise, it is possible that the original Gerrard script was published somewhere or provided to fans.
- Into the Labyrinth at Dead-Can-Dance.com
- Into the Labyrinth Lyrics at Dead-Can-Dance.com
- Into the Labyrinth at MusicBrainz (list of releases)
- About "Emmeleia" lyrics