|Histopathology of intraductal papilloma of the breast by excisional biopsy. Immunostaining for p63 protein.|
Two types of intraductal papillomas are generally distinguished. The central type develops near the nipple. They are usually solitary and often arise in the period nearing menopause. On the other hand, the peripheral type are often multiple papillomas arising at the peripheral breasts, and are usually found in younger women. The peripheral type are associated with a higher risk of malignancy.
They are the most common cause of bloody nipple discharge in women age 20-40 and generally do not show up on mammography due to their small size. They may be detectable on ultrasound. A galactogram is the most definitive test but is somewhat invasive.
The masses are often too small to be palpated or felt. A galactogram is therefore necessary to rule out the lesion.
Excision is sometimes performed. Microdochectomy/microdochotomy (removal of a breast duct) is the treatment of choice.
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- Tarallo, V; Canepari, E; Bortolotto, C (June 2012). "Intraductal papilloma of the breast: A case report". Journal of Ultrasound. 15 (2): 99–101. doi:10.1016/j.jus.2012.03.002. PMC 3558092. PMID 23396758.
- Ahmadiyeh N, Stoleru MA, Raza S, Lester SC, Golshan M (August 2009). "Management of intraductal papillomas of the breast: an analysis of 129 cases and their outcome". Annals of Surgical Oncology. 16 (8): 2264–9. doi:10.1245/s10434-009-0534-1. PMID 19484312.
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