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Intraocular hemorrhage is bleeding (hemorrhage) into the eyeball (oculus in Latin. It may be the result of physical trauma (direct injury to the eye) or medical illness. Severe bleeding may cause high pressures inside the eye, leading to blindness.
The types of intraocular hemorrhage are classified based on where the bleeding is occurring. The bleeding may occur just underneath the conjuctiva (subconjunctival hemorrhage), underneath the retina (subretinal hemorrhage), or underneath the macula (macular hemorrhage).
- Subconjunctival hemorrhage (under the conjunctiva)
- Hyphema (in the anterior chamber)
- Vitreous hemorrhage (into the vitreous)
- Subretinal hemorrhage (under the retina)
- Submacular hemorrhage (under the macula)
Different causes may cause bleeding in different locations.
- Terson's syndrome (as a result of subarachnoid hemorrhage)
- Hemophilia (a severe bleeding disorder, usually hereditary)
- Anticoagulants and thrombolysis (medication to reduce blood clotting tendency or to disperse blood clots, respectively)
Intraocular hemorrhage is typically diagnosed with slit lamp examination.
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