Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum
|Location||West Side Highway and 46th Street, Manhattan, New York City, U.S.|
The Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum is an American military and maritime history museum with a collection of museum ships in New York City. It is located at Pier 86 at 46th Street in the Hell's Kitchen neighborhood on the West Side of Manhattan. The museum showcases the aircraft carrier USS Intrepid, the cruise missile submarine USS Growler, a Concorde SST, a Lockheed A-12 supersonic reconnaissance plane, and the Space Shuttle Enterprise.
Founded in 1982, the museum closed in 2006 for a two-year renovation of Intrepid and facilities. The museum reopened to the public on November 8, 2008.
The museum opened in 1982 at Pier 86 after Zachary Fisher and his brother Larry Fisher, prominent New York real estate developers, and philanthropist and journalist Michael Stern saved USS Intrepid from scrapping in 1978. Intrepid became a National Historic Landmark in 1986.
On August 8, 1988, the museum was awarded USS Growler, a Grayback-class submarine, which carried nuclear Regulus missiles, by the United States Congress from the United States Navy. The submarine is on display after extensive renovations were performed in 2009.
USS Edson, a Forrest Sherman-class destroyer was displayed at the Intrepid museum from 1989 to 2004. The Edson was returned to the United States Navy, and is now on display at the Saginaw Valley Naval Ship Museum in Bay City, Michigan.
On October 1, 2006, the museum closed for repairs and renovations to the ship and the pier. Intrepid was moved down the Hudson River by tugboat to The Peninsula at Bayonne Harbor, New Jersey (previously the Military Ocean Terminal) to undergo restoration.
The scheduled move was delayed on November 6, 2006, when the ship's propellers stuck in the thick Hudson River mud, preventing the tugboats from moving the ship out of her berth. A second successful attempt was made on December 5, 2006, after extensive dredging operations. The aircraft carrier was later floated to Staten Island where her museum facilities were upgraded and expanded before returning to her renovated pier in Manhattan.
The carrier was towed back to Pier 86 on October 2, 2008, and reopened to the public on November 8. Additional aircraft are displayed on the flight and hangar decks and the British Airways Concorde was moved from a barge into an exhibit space on the pier.
Space Shuttle Enterprise
On December 12, 2011, ownership of the Space Shuttle Enterprise was transferred to the Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum. In preparation for the relocation, engineers evaluated the vehicle in early 2010 and determined that it was safe to fly on the Shuttle Carrier Aircraft once again. On April 27, 2012, Enterprise was flown to JFK International Airport and then moved by barge to the Intrepid Museum on June 3, 2012.
To make room for the Enterprise display, three aircraft were transferred to the Empire State Aerosciences Museum near Schenectady, NY. These aircraft are a Douglas F3D Skyknight, a Royal Navy Supermarine Scimitar, and a MiG-15.
The Enterprise went on public display July 19, 2012, at the Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum's new Space Shuttle Pavilion.
US Air Force:
- General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon that was flown in Operation Desert Storm
- Lockheed A-12 (predecessor of the Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird and first production example)
- USS Growler (1989), a diesel electric submarine which carried out nuclear deterrent patrols armed with Regulus missiles.
- Grumman F-14 Tomcat used in 1973 as a Super Tomcat prototype
- Douglas A-4 Skyhawk
- Beechcraft T-34 Mentor trainer
- Grumman TBM Avenger
- Grumman E-1 Tracer
- Grumman F-11 Tiger that was once the number 5 jet on the Blue Angels
- North American FJ-2/-3 Fury
- Vought F-8 Crusader
- Grumman A-6 Intruder that was used as a testbed for new radar and avionics in 1988
- McDonnell F3H Demon
- Grumman F-9 Cougar currently under restoration[when?]
- Piasecki H-25
- Douglas A-1 Skyraider
US Marine Corps:
- McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II
- Hawker Siddeley AV-8C Harrier V/STOL attack aircraft
- Bell AH-1J Sea Cobra gunship
US Coast Guard:
- Aurora 7 Mercury capsule replica
- Space Shuttle Enterprise (within a pavilion on the flight deck)
- British Airways Concorde G-BOAD (2004). This airplane set a world's speed record for passenger airliners on February 7, 1996, when it flew from New York to London in 2 hours, 52 minutes and 59 seconds. This airplane logged the most flying hours (23,397) of the 20 Concordes built.
- An Italian Aermacchi MB-339, painted in the colors of the Frecce Tricolori
- A French Dassault Étendard IV
- An Israeli IAI Kfir
- A Polish built PZL-Mielec Lim-5 (MiG-17)
- A Polish Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21
- A Russian Soyuz descent module, which had docked with the International Space Station during the Soyuz TMA-6 mission
- Exploreum, an interactive hall designed to educate children and adolescents about life on an aircraft carrier.
- An Olympus 593 jet engine from a Concorde sits on display next to the G-BOAD Concorde.
- The Intrepid Museum hosts educational programs and events focused on STEM education.
The museum serves as an event space for community and national events. For instance, it held concerts during the 2013 MLB All-Star Weekend, and 2014's Super Bowl XLVIII, where the museum docked cruise ship Norwegian Getaway, turned into the "Bud Light Hotel". The museum serves as a hub for the annual Fleet Week events. Visiting warships dock at the cruise ship terminals to the north, and events are held on the museum grounds and the deck of Intrepid.
- List of aircraft carriers of the United States Navy
- List of maritime museums in the United States
- List of museum ships
- List of museums and cultural institutions in New York City
- U.S. Navy museums (and other aircraft carrier museums)
- Narov, Michele (July 19, 2012). "The Enterprise Docks at the Intrepid Museum and Children of Generation Not Interested in Math and Science Show Interest". New York Observer.
- Saxon, Wolfgang (June 5, 1999). "Zachary Fisher, 88, Dies; Helped Alter New York Skyline". The New York Times. Retrieved November 8, 2008.
- USS Intrepid CV 11. United States Navy. Accessed November 8, 2008. Archived October 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-12-20. Retrieved 2007-09-15.
- Bay Imaging and Technology Services. "Saginaw Valley Naval Ship Museum – Bay City, MI". ussedson.org. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
- "Aircraft carrier survived wars, years of decay". The Washington Times. September 30, 2008. Retrieved June 21, 2017.
- Pearlman, Robert Z (December 12, 2011). "Intrepid Museum Celebrates Ownership of Space Shuttle Enterprise". CollectSpace. Retrieved January 30, 2012.
- "NASA Transfers Enterprise Title to Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum in New York City". NASA.gov. December 11, 2011. Retrieved January 30, 2012.
- Bergin, Chris (March 14, 2010). "Enterprise in good condition for potential SCA ferry from Smithsonian NASM". NASAspaceflight.com. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
- Pearlman, Robert Z (March 1, 2012). "Space shuttle Enterprise lands in New York City on April 23". CollectSPACE. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
- "NASA Transfers Title to Space Shuttle Orbiter Enterprise to the Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum in New York City" (Press release). PRWeb. November 22, 2011. Retrieved March 27, 2012.
- McGeehan, Patrick. "Anticipating Space Shuttle's Arrival, Old Warplanes Ship Out." The New York Times, April 19, 2012.
- Katz, Alex (July 18, 2012). "Space shuttle Enterprise set to open to public". Bradenton Herald. Retrieved 18 July 2012.[permanent dead link]
- "Space Shuttle Enterprise Reopens to NYC Visitors". AP. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
- Intrepid Museum (April 12, 2011). "Enterprise – Space Shuttle Orbiter – To Come to Intrepid Museum". Archived from the original on April 15, 2011. Retrieved April 12, 2011.
- CBS New York (April 12, 2011). "Space Shuttle Enterprise Landing At Intrepid Museum". Retrieved April 12, 2011.
- Ray, Justin (December 14, 2011). "Shuttle Enterprise's future home now visualized". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved April 27, 2012.
- "Russian Space Capsule Touches Down at NYC Museum". October 18, 2011. Retrieved October 8, 2012.
- Sardo, Matthew (July 15, 2013). "2013 MLB All-Star Game Road Trip – Day Two". Sports Talk Florida.
- "For the Super Bowl, a Cruise Ship Becomes a Shrine to Beer". New York Times.
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