Peñaranda, Nueva Ecija

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Official seal of Peñaranda
Map of Nueva Ecija showing the location of Peñaranda
Map of Nueva Ecija showing the location of Peñaranda
Peñaranda is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°21′N 121°00′E / 15.350°N 121.000°E / 15.350; 121.000Coordinates: 15°21′N 121°00′E / 15.350°N 121.000°E / 15.350; 121.000
Country Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Nueva Ecija
District 4th District
Barangays 10
 • Mayor Ferdinand R. Abesamis
 • Total 95.00 km2 (36.68 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 27,410
 • Density 290/km2 (750/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 3103
Dialing code 44
Income class 4th class; rural

Peñaranda is a fourth class municipality in the province of Nueva Ecija, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 27,410 people.[3]

It is bordered by municipalities of General Tinio and San Leonardo and the city of Gapan.

The area was originally called Mapisong, and it was a part of the municipality of Gapan. The area was organized into a municipality by José Maria Peñaranda, a Spanish engineer, and subsequently named after him.

Peñaranda was once known for its high quality crop called ikmo, a plant used by older Filipinos as a chewing substance. Recently however, the crop is on the brink of extinction. Rice remains a flourishing farm produce.


Peñaranda is politically subdivided into 10 barangays.[2]

  • Callos
  • Las Piñas
  • Poblacion I
  • Poblacion II
  • Poblacion III
  • Poblacion IV
  • Santo Tomas
  • Sinasajan
  • San Josef
  • San Mariano (Maugat)


World War II[edit]

In December 1941, the Japanese fighter and bomber planes was found invading the town municipalities in Peñaranda during the Japanese Invasion. In 1942, the Japanese Occupation forces entered in Peñaranda, Nueva Ecija. The established of the military general headquarters, garrisons and concentration camps of the Imperial Japanese Armed Forces was stationed and built from the town municipality.

In 1942 to 1945, the ambushed by the local guerrilla groups and Hukbalahap Communist resistance was around the conflicts and insurgencies from the municipal town in Peñaranda and attacks the Japanese. When the guerrillas and Hukbalahap Communists groups there retreated from the Japanese. Before the arrival by the local Filipino troops and officers of the Philippine Commonwealth Army units was liberated the municipal towns.

In 1945, entering to the Philippine Commonwealth Army troops of the 2nd, 21st, 22nd, 23rd, 25th and 26th Infantry Division of the Philippine Army took in Peñaranda, Nueva Ecija together with the local recognized guerrilla units and Hukbalahap Communist fighters we fronted the battles against the Japanese troops by defeated from successful to the Philippine troops and recognized guerrillas beginning the Invasion of Peñaranda during World War II.


Population census of Peñaranda
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 20,500 —    
1995 22,661 +1.90%
2000 24,749 +1.91%
2007 26,725 +1.07%
2010 27,410 +0.93%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]


Every May, Peñaranda residents stage a musical drama called "Araquio", a re-enactment of Christians' quest led by Queen Helena and King Constantine for the Holy Cross where Jesus Christ was nailed. Actors and actresses garbed in colorful and cute costumes dramatize this century old tradition which features swordfights between the Christians and Moors.

Peñaranda is also known for its mouth-watering, native rice cakes such as espasol, putong puti and sapin-sapin .



  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Nueva Ecija". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 2012-10-19. 

External links[edit]