Inverness, Nova Scotia
Gaelic: Baile Inbhir Nis
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Inverness (Scottish Gaelic: Baile Inbhir Nis) is a Canadian rural community in Inverness County, Nova Scotia. It is about an hour's drive north from the Canso Causeway and about an hour south from Cape Breton Highlands National Park. In 2016 its population was 1,248, up 2.2% from 2011. This population growth has resulted from expanded tourism in the development of two world class golf courses; Cabot Links and Cabot Cliffs.
Located on the west coast of Cape Breton Island fronting the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Inverness sits astride a small coal seam which was exploited from the late 19th century to the mid-late 20th century, beginning with a mine opened by William Penn Hussey of Massachusetts. Before Hussey industrialized the coal operations of the town it was exploited by the locals, but without means to export the coal it was never mined in earnest. Hussey was able to secure financial backing from European investors and soon dredged a portion of the sand dunes to connect MacIsaac's Pond to the Gulf of St. Lawrence. He had some piers and wharves built, laid a small railway and was able to ship coal to export markets. Hussey's operations were profitable but ten years later his infrastructure fell into disrepair and he sold off his interests.
Immediately following Hussey's departure the town entered the era of William Mackenzie and Donald Mann during the 1890s. These two (whom local streets are named after) were able to lobby the Government in order to fund a railway project from Port Hawkesbury to Inverness. As a result of this endeavor they were able to open several more mines in and near Inverness during the early 20th century. These were shaft mines and extended from the area between the town and the beach out under the ocean in some cases. As a result of this boom the town's population soared to over 3,000 by 1922. Many of the mines closed following World War II with the last one closing in 2001.
The town had experienced economic hardship since the ending of large-scale industrial coal mining. However, tourism activity and population increase have been stimulated by the development of two highly rated golf courses. Canada's only true links golf course, Cabot Links (opened in 2011) is on a site formerly occupied by coalmine shafts, overlooking the beaches and harbour and, as of January 2018[update], was ranked 43rd in the world by Golf Digest. A newer course north of the community, featuring spectacular cliff views, Cabot Cliffs is ranked 9th.
- Allan MacEachen (1921-2017), a former deputy prime minister of Canada
- Alexander MacLeod, short-story writer, born 1972 in Inverness
- Onna White (1922-2005), choreographer and dancer
- Al MacInnis, former professional hockey player, born 1963 in Inverness
- "Census Profile, 2016". Statistics Canada. 2017-11-29. Retrieved 2018-06-04.
- "History of Inverness County, Nova Scotia". www.electricscotland.com. Retrieved 2018-06-04.
- "Inverness Raceway in Canada". HorseRacing.com. NewMedia Holdings. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
- Szurlej, Ron Whitten,Dom Furore, Stephen. "Ranking: World's 100 Greatest Golf Courses - Golf Digest". Golf Digest. Retrieved 2018-06-04.