Inverness Caledonian Thistle F.C.
|Full name||Inverness Caledonian Thistle Football Club|
The Pride of the Highlands
as Caledonian Thistle Football Club
|Ground||Tulloch Caledonian Stadium, Inverness|
|2016–17||Scottish Premiership, 12th (relegated)|
|Website||Club home page|
Caledonian Thistle F.C. were formed in August 1994 by the merger of Caledonian and Inverness Thistle, both members of the Highland Football League. The new club was formed with a view to applying for one of the two vacancies in the Scottish Football League, created when the league restructured in 1994 to four divisions of ten teams each. They were successful and were elected to the Scottish Third Division along with Highland derby rivals Ross County. The club's name was amended to Inverness Caledonian Thistle F.C. in 1996 at the request of Inverness District Council.
- 1 History
- 2 Stadium
- 3 Players
- 4 Coaching staff
- 5 International players
- 6 Managers
- 7 Honours
- 8 Records
- 9 European record
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The club first came to national prominence after their Scottish Cup victories over Celtic in 2000 and 2003: winning 3–1 at Celtic Park, resulting in the headline "Super Caley Go Ballistic Celtic Are Atrocious" in The Sun which is now framed in the foyer of Caledonian Stadium, and 1–0. Inverness also knocked other SPL teams out of cup competitions, including Motherwell and Hearts. Over the first ten years of their existence the club had been responsible for a total of 12 'shocks' and as a result had gained themselves a reputation as being "giant killers". On 25 February 2007, Inverness's run of cup victories over Celtic came to an end following two goals in the last two minutes of their fifth round tie at Caledonian Stadium. Having led 1–0 for the majority of the game thanks to a Graham Bayne goal, Steven Pressley equalised before Kenny Miller netted the winner in stoppage time. However, another victory against Celtic occurred on 16 December 2007, this time in the league, when the team came from being 2–0 down to win 3–2, with goals scored by John Rankin, David Proctor and Don Cowie.
A significant event in the club's history was the signing of Romanian international Marius Niculae. Niculae was involved in the club's 2007–08 campaign and played at UEFA Euro 2008, before leaving for Dinamo Bucureşti. He later became involved in a dispute with the club over a share of the transfer fee that was not paid to him when he left. As a result, Inverness were ordered by FIFA to pay £133,000 to the player. The club appealed against the decision to the Court of Arbitration for Sport, and in November 2011, the club won their appeal.
Having won the 2009–10 First Division title in their first year back in the division since 2003–04, Inverness have competed in the top tier of Scottish football. Season 2014–15 saw the club finish in their best ever placing of third.
Third Division (1994–1997)
After a promising start to their inaugural campaign in 1994–95, the club eventually finished sixth in the Third Division. The following season, Inverness CT showed improvement with a third-place finish. In Season 1996–97, they won the Third Division Championship following a 4–1 home win over Albion Rovers in front of nearly 3,000 fans. This was just 5 months after moving into the Caledonian Stadium.
Second Division (1997–1999)
First Division (1999–2004)
Season 2003–2004 could be regarded as the club's most successful up to that point. In November 2003, they defeated Airdrie United 2–0, with goals from Steve Hislop and David Bingham, to win the Scottish Challenge Cup, and also reached the Scottish Cup semi-final, losing a replay 3–2 to Dunfermline Athletic after a 1–1 draw at Hampden Park. However, the greatest achievement was on the final day of the season, when Inverness defeated St Johnstone 3–1, with goals from Paul Ritchie, David Bingham and Barry Wilson and, as a result, pipped Clyde to the First Division title. This made the club eligible for promotion to the Scottish Premier League (SPL). However, SPL rules at that time stated that all member clubs must have a stadium with a minimum capacity of 10,000 seats. Caledonian Stadium did not meet this criterion, leaving the club's Board with a dilemma: either to remain in the First Division (like Falkirk the previous season) or to groundshare with Aberdeen, over 100 miles (160 km) away. After consulting with supporters, the Board decided the 'sacrifice' of one season in Aberdeen would be an acceptable compromise to ensure Premier League participation for the club.
Scottish Premier League (2004–2009)
A change in SPL rules during the 2004–05 season reduced the stadium seating requirement to 6,000 seats for SPL membership. The Caledonian Stadium was rendered a valid SPL venue after a rapid ground expansion, with two new stands added. The stadium was renamed as the Tulloch Caledonian Stadium in honour of the local building firm that completed the work in only 47 working days. The chairman of Tulloch, David Sutherland, was also chairman of the club at the time and remains a major shareholder. The club returned to playing in Inverness, defeating Dunfermline 2–0 in their first SPL game in their own ground on 29 January 2005, thanks to goals from Barry Wilson and then player-manager Craig Brewster.
During season 2008–09 season, the team incurred a number of bad results and struggled near the bottom of the SPL. Eventually, manager Craig Brewster was sacked after a run of seven consecutive defeats, ending with a 1–0 loss to Hamilton Academical. This was the first time the club had sacked a manager, and the fans had previously voiced concern about Brewster's ability. Brewster was replaced by former England international Terry Butcher, who was unable to prevent the club's relegation, despite an initial improvement in results. Inverness Caledonian Thistle's tenure in the SPL eventually ended in May 2009 after suffering a 1–0 home defeat to Falkirk. Their final total of 37 points remains the highest ever for a team finishing bottom of the SPL.
Return to the First Division (2009–2010)
After a slow start to their first season back in the First Division, which looked set to be won at a canter by runaway leaders Dundee who were 15 points ahead in January, Inverness put together an astonishing run of form which saw them go on a 21-match unbeaten run. On 21 April 2010, Inverness secured promotion back to the SPL with two games to spare after Dundee lost to Raith Rovers. Inverness became the first team in ten years to secure an immediate return to the SPL. The team went on to celebrate their promotion with a 7–0 win at Ayr United, their biggest ever away win. On the final day of the season, Inverness beat Dundee 1–0.
Return to the SPL/Premiership (2010–2017)
Having won the 2009–10 First Division title in their first year back in the division since 2003–04, Inverness have since competed in the top tier of Scottish football. In 2013–14, the club reached their first major final – the Scottish League Cup – losing on penalties to Aberdeen. They then beat Falkirk in the final of the Scottish Cup in 2015. That same season, Inverness secured entry to European competition for the first time, with a best-ever third-place finish in the Premiership.
As part of the push for promotion in the 2009–10 season, Inverness went on an unbeaten away run in the league that continued through the entire 2010 calendar year, culminating in a 1–1 draw against Hearts at Tynecastle on 18 December. This extraordinary sequence ended in defeat at St Johnstone on 2 January 2011 when the Perth side won by a single goal. At the split, Inverness narrowly missed out on a top six spot, eventually finishing in a club record-equalling 7th place. However, two years later, they would finish even higher.
Continued good form over the course of the season consolidated the club's position in the top-half of the table. Victory over Highland derby rivals Ross County on 16 March elevated Inverness CT onto an almost unassailable points-total in their quest for a maiden 'top-6' finish. This achievement was confirmed the following day as the club benefited from a favourable result in the Sunday SPL fixture. This guarantee of a 'top-6' place ensured that the 2012–13 Scottish Premier League season would see Inverness CT record, their then, highest ever finishing league position.
Inverness CT began the inaugural season (2013–14 Scottish Premiership) of the revamped SPFL Scottish Premiership with a 3–0 win over St Mirren. This result saw the club take pole-position in the league table. They remained top of the league until the 9th game of the season when they dropped to 2nd place following a loss at St Johnstone.
On 11 November 2013, Hibernian reached a compensation deal with Inverness for Terry Butcher to move to the club, alongside assistant manager Maurice Malpas.
After an extensive recruitment process, on 4 December 2013, John Hughes was unveiled as the new manager of the club. In January 2014, Russell Latapy was appointed as Hughes' assistant manager.
In February 2014, Inverness defeated Hearts in the Scottish League Cup semi-final. Inverness struck first with Greg Tansey firing the Highland side into the lead. Jamie Hamill then scored 2 goals in 2 minutes and gave Hearts hope of reaching their second League Cup Final in two years. Just when Inverness were on the brink of defeat, Nick Ross equalised in the 94th minute and sent the game to extra time. After no goals being scored in extra time, Inverness clinched the win on penalties.
On 25 February, Inverness beat Ross County in Dingwall in the Highland Derby. The 3–0 win was the first time they had won a Highland Derby in Dingwall in the League since March 2003. They also won the next derby 2–1 on 4 April. The game was also played in Dingwall.
On 16 March, Inverness and Aberdeen faced each other in the 2014 Scottish League Cup Final at Celtic Park in Glasgow. After tense 120 minutes the two teams lined up for a penalty shoot-out. Inverness missed their first 2 penalties with Billy McKay's penalty saved and Greg Tansey firing over the bar. Despite Nick Ross and Aaron Doran scoring their penalties Aberdeen won 4–2.
Inverness finished the season with a 2–0 win over St Johnstone thanks to second half goals from Ryan Christie and Greg Tansey.
In May 2014, the club announced the American fast food restaurant franchise Subway as their new main shirt sponsor.
Between May and September 2014, Inverness kept a series of consecutive clean sheets, enabling them to achieve a club record of 616 minutes without conceding a goal.
They then reached the final of the Scottish Cup in 2014–15 after defeating Celtic in a tense semi-final.
Further success followed, with a 1–0 victory away to Dundee confirming a record third-place league finish for the club. This also guaranteed Inverness qualifying for European football for the first time – they competed in the 2015–16 UEFA Europa League. They capped an extraordinary 2014–15 season by winning the Scottish Cup Final against Falkirk at Hampden Park.
Relegation to the Scottish Championship (2017–present)
Inverness CT were relegated to the Scottish Championship on the final day of the 2016–17 season, despite recording a 3–2 victory over Motherwell. After Richie Foran resigned from his position, former manager John Robertson was appointed as his successor on 14 June 2017.
Highland Council contributed £900,000 towards the development of Caledonian Stadium, now known for sponsorship reasons as the Tulloch Caledonian Stadium. The stadium is situated beside the Moray Firth, in the shadow of the Kessock Bridge. Its construction was promised in their election[clarification needed] to the Scottish Football League. The former ground of Caledonian, Telford Street, was used until the new stadium was complete.
The club's highest 'home' (league) attendance actually occurred while they were groundsharing with Aberdeen at Pittodrie. With Inverness fans in the traditional home end, and Aberdeen fans filling the away end, a record attendance of 9,530 was set on 16 October 2004. This record may stand for some time, as the crowd that day was bigger than the current capacity of Caledonian Stadium.
The club's highest 'home' (cup) attendance was also recorded in a venue other than their home ground. A crowd of 11,296 watched Inverness play Rangers on 9 March 1996 at Tannadice in Dundee. The game had been switched to Dundee as the club's home ground (Telford Street Park at that time) was deemed unsuitable for the Scottish Cup quarter-final tie.
- As of 22 June 2017
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
|Assistant Manager||Brian Rice|
|Club Captain||Gary Warren|
|Goalkeeping Coach||Ryan Esson|
|Youth Development Coach||Danny MacDonald|
|Sports Nutritionist||Scott Baptie|
|Sports Therapist||Stuart Phin|
|Club Doctor||Dr Derick Macleod|
Players who have represented their country whilst contracted to Caledonian Thistle are:
- Henri Anier (Estonia)
- Lonsana Doumbouya (Guinea)
- Owain Fôn Williams (Wales)
- Richard Hastings (Canada)
- Billy McKay (Northern Ireland)
- Pāvels Mihadjuks (Latvia)
- Marius Niculae (Romania)
- Andrew Shinnie (Scotland)
- Owain Tudur Jones (Wales)
- Jonathan Tuffey (Northern Ireland)
- Davide Xausa (Canada)
List of permanent Inverness CT managers:
- Sergei Baltacha (15 May 1994 – 13 May 1995)
- Steve Paterson (1 August 1995 – 11 December 2002)
- John Robertson (26 December 2002 – 3 November 2004)
- Craig Brewster (25 November 2004 – 13 January 2006)
- Charlie Christie (13 January 2006 – 26 August 2007)
- Craig Brewster (27 August 2007 – 19 January 2009)
- Terry Butcher (27 January 2009 – 11 November 2013)
- John Hughes (4 December 2013 – 20 May 2016)
- Richie Foran (30 May 2016 – 29 May 2017)
- John Robertson (14 June 2017 –)
Sergei Baltacha had been manager of Caledonian prior to the merger and he carried on as Caledonian Thistle manager after the merger in 1994. He remained in charge for only one season, leaving in 1995 to be closer to his family in Perth.
Baltacha was replaced by Huntly manager Steve Paterson, who to date is the club's longest-serving manager. During his seven and a half years as manager, from the summer of 1995 to December 2002, Paterson succeeded in taking the club to the Scottish Football League First Division. He also steered ICT to their famous 3–1 Scottish Cup victory against Celtic in 2000.
In November 2002 Paterson was strongly linked to the vacant manager's position at Dundee United. However, he chose to stay with Inverness for another month, after which he left, along with assistant Duncan Shearer, to become manager of Aberdeen.
Paterson was replaced by former Hearts player John Robertson, whose two-year reign as manager was an exceptionally successful period. Under Robertson, Inverness won the 2003–04 Scottish Challenge Cup, gained another Scottish Cup victory over Celtic, this time 1–0 thanks to a goal on the stroke of half time by club record scorer Dennis Wyness and won the First Division Championship, taking the club into the SPL.
Brewster succeeded in keeping the club in the SPL. He also introduced new training regimes to increase player fitness and was successful in steering the club to good results against a number of established Premier League sides, including Rangers, Celtic, Motherwell, Hearts and Hibs. After a period of just over thirteen months at the club he left to become the new Dundee United manager after the sacking of Gordon Chisholm.
Former player Charlie Christie was appointed manager on 27 January 2006, after a successful spell as caretaker manager following the departure of Brewster, during which time Inverness achieved three wins out of three games played, including a record victory for the club in the SPL as they beat Falkirk 4–1 away from home. He resigned on 19 August 2007 due to the pressures of the job, and because he believed it to be the correct decision for him and his family. He has now resumed his former role, running the club's Centenary Club lottery.
A short time after Christie resigned, Craig Brewster was reappointed. This was a controversial decision by the club, as Brewster had left to manage Dundee United only 18 months previously.
He was eventually sacked in January 2009, after a run of seven league defeats. Prior to this, the ICT supporters had become increasingly concerned about poor performances and rumours of dressing room unrest, leading to a protest by fans at the team's 1–0 defeat by Hamilton on the weekend before the sacking.
Brewster's successor, the former England international Terry Butcher was appointed on 27 January 2009, along with Maurice Malpas as his assistant. Terry Butcher managed in over 200 matches for the club, the 100th taking place on Friday 6 October 2012, in the 3–1 win over Ross County in the first SPL Highland derby.
After an extensive recruitment process, on 4 December 2013, John Hughes was unveiled as the new manager of the club. Hughes left Caledonian Thistle on the 20th May 2016, citing frustrations with his player budget and the club's failure to retain players.
Long-term player Richie Foran was announced as the new Inverness manager on the 30th May 2016, also announcing his player retirement. Foran was in charge of Caley Thistle for just under one-year before resigning on 29 May 2017. During his time in charge, the club finished in last position in the Scottish Premiership, suffering relegation to the Scottish Championship on the final day of the season.
- Scottish First Division (second tier):
- Scottish Second Division (third tier):
- Runners up (1): 1998–99
- Scottish Third Division (fourth tier):
- Winners (1): 1996–97
- North Caledonian League:
- Winners (2): 1994–95, 1997–98
- Scottish Cup:
- Winners (1): 2014–15
- Scottish League Cup:
- Runners up (1): 2013–14
- Scottish Challenge Cup:
- Inverness Cup:
- Winners (7): 1995–96, 1997–98, 1998–99, 1999–00, 2001–02, 2004–05, 2009–10
- North of Scotland Cup:
- Chic Allan Cup:
- Winners (2): 1994–95, 1998–99
- Football Times Cup:
- Winners (1): 1998–99
- PCT Cup:
- Winners (1): 1998–99
- Biggest home victory: 8–1 v Annan Athletic, 24 January 1998 (Scottish Cup)
- Biggest away victory: 0–7 v Ayr United, 24 April 2010 (First Division)
- Biggest home defeat: 0–5 v Dundee United, 9 March 2014 (Scottish Cup)
- Biggest away defeat: 6–0 v Airdrie, 22 September 2001 (First Division); 6–0 v Celtic, 22 September 2010 (League Cup); 6–0 v Celtic, 27 April 2014 (Premiership) and 6–0 v Celtic, 11 February 2017 (Scottish Cup)
- Goal milestones: The club's 1000th goal was scored on Saturday 9 February 2008 by club captain at the time, Grant Munro in a 1–1 draw away to St Mirren.
- Clean sheet record: 616 minutes – between 7 May and 13 September 2014.
SPL / Premiership
- Record home victory: 6–1 v Gretna, 3 May 2008.
- Record away victory: 0–4 v Gretna, 27 October 2007 and 0–4 v Dundee United, 22 August 2010.
- Record home defeat: 1–5 v Motherwell, 18 November 2012.
- Record away defeat: 6–0 v Celtic, 27 April 2014.
- Most points in a season: 65, in 2014–15
- Fewest points in a season: 34, in 2016–17
- Best league placing: 3rd, in 2014–15
- Worst league placing: 12th, in 2008–09 and 2016–17
- Most goals scored in a season: 64, in 2012–13
- Fewest goals scored in a season: 37, in 2008–09
- Most goals conceded in a season: 71, in 2016–17
- Fewest goals conceded in a season: 38, in 2005–06
- Best run: Winners: 2014–15 (won 2–1 against Falkirk).
- Worst run: First round: 1994–95 (lost 1–2 at home to Queen of the South).
Scottish League Cup
- Best run: Final: 2013–14 (lost 2–4 on penalties after 0–0 draw (aet), to Aberdeen).
- Worst run: First round; twice: 1995–96 (lost 3–5 on penalties after 1–1 draw (aet), (1–1 after 90 mins) away to Berwick Rangers) and 2003–04 (lost 1–2 at home to Queen's Park).
|2015–16||UEFA Europa League||2Q||Astra Giurgiu||0–1||0–0||0–1|
- 2Q: Second qualifying round
- "Inverness Caledonian Thistle Football Club". Scottish Professional Football League. Retrieved 30 September 2013.
- "Inverness CT appoint Willie Finlayson as chairman following relegation". BBC Sport. BBC. 23 May 2017. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
- "John Robertson returns as Inverness manager 13 years after securing maiden Premiership promotion". heraldscotland.com. The Herald. 13 June 2017. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- "Caley's minnows slay Celtic". BBC Sport website. 8 February 2000.
- Grant, Michael (2002-10-02). "A Second Chance to Go Ballistic". Glasgow Herald.[permanent dead link]
- "Super Caley do it again". BBC Sport website. 23 March 2003.
- "Motherwell 0–1 Inverness CT". BBC Sport website. 6 March 2004.
- "Super Caley shock Hearts". BBC Sport website. 26 January 2002.
- Lindsay, Clive (25 February 2007). "Inverness CT 1–2 Celtic". BBC Sport website.
- "Romania Striker Joins Inverness". BBC Sport website. 17 July 2007.
- "Inverness told to pay Niculae £130,000". Press & Journal. 15 October 2009.
- "Angry Caley Ready to fight Niculae ruling". The Scotsman. 15 October 2009.
- "Caley Thistle win £130K Niculae transfer case". Highland News. 24 November 2011.
- "David Sutherland Biography". University of the Highlands and Islands website 2012.
- "Inverness CT 2–0 Dunfermline". BBC Sport website. 29 January 2005.
- "Inverness sack manager Brewster". BBC sport website. 19 January 2009.
- "Inverness support voices concerns". BBC sport website. 31 December 2008.
- McDaid, David (23 May 2009). "Inverness CT 0–1 Falkirk". BBC Sport website.
- "John Hughes thrilled to seal European place". BBC Sport. BBC. 9 May 2015. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
- Winton, Richard (19 December 2010) "Equal opportunity goes unseized". Glasgow. Sunday Herald.
- "Inverness CT 2–1 Ross County". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 16 March 2013. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
- "History as ICT top six spot confirmed". Highland News. Scottish Provincial Press. 18 March 2013. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
- Crawford, Kenny (19 May 2013). "Ross County 1–0 Inverness CT". BBC Sport website.
- "BBC Sport – Hibernian: Terry Butcher to take over after Inverness CT agree deal". BBC Online. 11 November 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
- "Inverness CT: John Hughes confirmed as new manager". BBC Sport. BBC. 4 December 2013. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
- "Latapy Arrives". ICTFC.com. Inverness Caledonian Thistle FC. 24 January 2014. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- "Inverness CT 3–2 Celtic". BBC Sport. BBC. 19 April 2015. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
- "Inverness 2–1 Falkirk: James Vincent strikes late to end Caley's wait for Scottish Cup". Daily Mail. 30 May 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
- Dowden, Martin (20 May 2017). "Inverness CT 3–2 Motherwell". BBC Sport. BBC. Retrieved 20 May 2017.
- "John Robertson returns as Inverness Caley Thistle manager". bbc.co.uk/sport. BBC Sport. 14 June 2017. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- "John Hughes: Inverness CT announce manager's exit". BBC Sport. BBC. 20 May 2016. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
- "Inverness Caledonian Thistle part with manager Richie Foran". BBC Sport. BBC. 29 May 2017. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
- Healey, Derek (14 June 2017). "John Robertson returns as Caley Jags boss 13 years after securing top flight promotion". The Press and Journal. DC Thomson & Co Ltd. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- "BOARD OF DIRECTORS". Inverness Caledonian Thistle website. 25 October 2009.
- "Christie quits as Inverness boss". BBC Sport website. 24 August 2009.
- "Craig Brewster axed as boss of SPL basement boys Caley Thistle". London: Mail Online. 19 January 2009.
- Hannah, Roger (20 January 2009). "Give him the boot dad". London: The Scottish Sun.
- "Terry Butcher says derby win will boost game in the Highlands". BBC Sport. BBC. 5 October 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
- "Highlands 'buzzing' ahead of first SPL derby of the season". BBC Sport. BBC. 5 October 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
- "John Hughes leaves Inverness". 20 May 2016.
- "Foran relishes new opportunity". 30 May 2016.
- "SEASON 2007/08". Inverness Caledonian Thistle website. 25 October 2009.