Inverness County, Nova Scotia

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Inverness County
Comté d'Inverness (French)
County
Official seal of Inverness CountyComté d'Inverness (French)
Seal
Location of Inverness County, Nova Scotia
Location of Inverness County, Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 46°12′N 61°06′W / 46.2°N 61.1°W / 46.2; -61.1Coordinates: 46°12′N 61°06′W / 46.2°N 61.1°W / 46.2; -61.1
Country  Canada
Province  Nova Scotia
Towns Port Hawkesbury
Established 1835
Incorporated April 17, 1879
Electoral Districts      
Federal

Cape Breton—Canso / Sydney—Victoria
Provincial Inverness
Government
 • Type Inverness County Municipal Council
 • Warden Betty Ann MacQuarrie[1]
Area[2]
 • Land 3,831.17 km2 (1,479.22 sq mi)
Population (2016)[2][3]
 • Total 17,235
 • Density 4.5/km2 (12/sq mi)
 • Change 2001-06 Decrease4.5%
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) ADT (UTC-3)
Area code(s) 902
Dwellings 9,876
Median Income* $45,687 CDN
Website www.invernesscounty.ca
  • Median household income, 2005 (all households)

Inverness County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. Its territory is almost contiguous with the Municipality of Inverness County, which only excludes the town of Port Hawkesbury and Mi'kmaq reserves.

History[edit]

Established as the County of Juste au Corps in 1835, Inverness County was given its present name in 1837. It was named after Inverness in Scotland, the land from which many of the early settlers came. Agriculture and fishing dominated the economy with exports of butter and cattle to Newfoundland and Halifax for most of the nineteenth century. [4] The construction of the Inverness and Richmond Railway in 1901, and the subsequent opening of coal mines at Port Hood, Mabou, and Inverness, created the "only home market" local farmers had ever had. [5]

The boundaries of Inverness County had been previously defined when Cape Breton Island was divided by statute into three districts in 1823. In 1996, the county was amalgamated into a single municipality with the exception of Port Hawkesbury.

Inverness County was established within the boundaries of the Northwestern District of Cape Breton Island.

Demographics[edit]

As a census division in the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Inverness County recorded a population of 17,235 living in 7,351 of its 9,876 total private dwellings, a change of −4% from its 2011 population of 17,947. With a land area of 3,831.17 km2 (1,479.22 sq mi), it had a population density of 4.5/km2 (11.7/sq mi) in 2016.[6]

Forming the majority of the Inverness County census division, the Municipality of the County of Inverness recorded a population of 13,190 living in 5,740 of its 8,052 total private dwellings in the 2016 Census of Population, a change of −4.3% from its 2011 population of 13,781. With a land area of 3,815.59 km2 (1,473.21 sq mi), it had a population density of 3.5/km2 (9.0/sq mi) in 2016.[7]

Communities[edit]

Towns
Reserves
County municipality and county subdivisions

Access routes[edit]

Highways and numbered routes that run through the county, including external routes that start or finish at the county limits:[11]

Parks[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Betty Anne MacQuarrie first woman to lead Inverness County council". Cape Breton Post. November 8, 2016. Retrieved July 18, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c 2006 Statistics Canada Community Profile: Inverness County, Nova Scotia
  3. ^ Statistics Canada Population and dwelling counts, for Canada and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data
  4. ^ Robert A. MacKinnon, “The Historical Geography of Agriculture in Nova Scotia, 1851-1951”, Ph.D. dissertation, University of British Columbia, 1991.
  5. ^ Canada, House of Commons, Official Report of Evidence taken During Session of 1921 Respecting the Future Fuel Supply of Canada (Ottawa, 1921), 643-644.
  6. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census divisions, 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Nova Scotia)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 12, 2017. 
  7. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Nova Scotia)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 12, 2017. 
  8. ^ Censuses 1871-1941
  9. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census
  10. ^ 2006 Statistics Canada Census Ethnocultural Portrait of Canada: Inverness County, Nova Scotia
  11. ^ Atlantic Canada Back Road Atlas ISBN 978-1-55368-618-7 Pages 26-27, 40-41, 56-57

External links[edit]