Inyo Mountains

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Inyo Mountains
Owens.lake.arp.750pix.jpg
Inyo Mountains from space
Highest point
PeakWaucoba Mountain[1][2] (~18 mi (29 km) southeast of Big Pine.)
Elevation11,123 ft (3,390 m)
Coordinates36°10′00″N 118°00′03″W / 36.16667°N 118.00083°W / 36.16667; -118.00083Coordinates: 36°10′00″N 118°00′03″W / 36.16667°N 118.00083°W / 36.16667; -118.00083
Dimensions
Length70 mi (110 km)
Width10 mi (16 km)
Geography
Wpdms shdrlfi020l inyo mountains.jpg
CountryUnited States
StatesCalifornia and Nevada
Parent rangeBasin and Range Province
Borders onWhite Mountains, Sierra Nevada

The Inyo Mountains are a short mountain range east of the Sierra Nevada in eastern California in the United States.[3] The range separates the Owens Valley to the west from Saline Valley to the east, extending for approximately 70 miles (110 km) south-southeast from the southern end of the White Mountains, from which they are separated by Westgard Pass, to the east of Owens Lake.

Inyo Mountain Wilderness
Inyo Mountain crest, north of New York Butte

Geologically, the mountains are a fault block range in the Basin and Range Province, at the western end of the Great Basin. They are considered to be among the most important and best-known Late Proterozoic to Cambrian sections in the United States.[4]

Wilderness[edit]

Approximately 205,000 acres (830 km2) of the range are designated as the Inyo Mountain Wilderness managed by the Bureau of Land Management.[2] Much of the northern part of the range is within Inyo National Forest.

Wildlife in the area includes the endangered Inyo Mountains Salamander and the Desert Bighorn Sheep.[5] Plant communities include creosote and sagebrush at lower altitudes, and bristlecone pine forests at higher.[2] A number of rare and endemic plants are adapted to the unique limestone soils of the mountains, including the cliffdweller,[6] bristlecone cryptantha,[7] and Inyo rock daisy.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Waucoba Mountain". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
  2. ^ a b c Gorp Destinations: Inyo Mountains Wilderness
  3. ^ "Inyo Mountains". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
  4. ^ Localities of the Cambrian: White-Inyo Mountains
  5. ^ BLM: Inyo Mountain Wilderness
  6. ^ CNPS: Caulostramina
  7. ^ CNPS: Cryptantha roosiorum
  8. ^ CNPS: Perityle inyoensis

External links[edit]