Ioan-Iovitz Popescu

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ioan-Iovitz Popescu
Iipopescu.jpg
Iovitzu Popescu
Born October 1, 1932 (age 85)
Residence Măgurele, Romania
Nationality Romanian
Alma mater University of Bucharest (doctoral)
University of Kiel (post-doctoral)
Known for Electric discharge in gases
Plasma physics
Laser spectroscopy
Gamma-ray lasers
Quantitative linguistics
Awards Commander of the Order of Faithful Service (2000)
Scientific career
Fields Physics, Applied Physics, Linguistics
Institutions University of Bucharest, Faculty of Physics
Romanian Academy
Academic advisors Eugen Bădărău (doctoral)
Walter Lochte-Holtgreven and Johannes Richter (post-doctoral)
Ioan-Iovitz Popescu giving a lecture, University of Bucharest, 1982

Ioan-Iovitz "Iovitzu" Popescu (born October 1, 1932) is a Romanian physicist and linguist, emeritus professor at University of Bucharest, Faculty of Physics,[1] and member of the Romanian Academy.[2] In the field of physics, he is best known for his work on gas discharges and plasma physics, as well as his collaborations with Denisa Popescu in laser spectroscopy. He also had pioneering contributions in the field of gamma-ray lasers with Carl B. Collins and Silviu Olariu.[3] As of 2006, the focus of Iovitzu Popescu's work has shifted towards the field of linguistics, in cooperation with leading linguist Gabriel Altmann.

Early life[edit]

Iovitzu Popescu was born in Burila Mare village, Mehedinți County. He is the son of Dumitru Popescu and Elvira (née Iovitz). In 1951 he graduated from Traian High School in Turnu Severin. Between 1951 and 1955 he was a student at University of Bucharest, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, from which he graduated in 1955 with the thesis "Sodium-Vapor Lamp", supervised by Radu Grigorovici.

Career[edit]

In 1955, following graduation, Iovitzu Popescu was offered a position at the University of Bucharest by Eugen Bădărău, in the Department of Optics and Gas Discharges, which he accepted. In 1961, he obtained his Ph.D. on a thesis entitled "The mechanism of cathodic parts of glow discharges", under Bădărău's supervision.

Between 1960 and 1972 Iovitzu Popescu was head of the Plasma Physics Laboratory at the Institute of Physics, Bucharest. In 1969, he co-authored one of the first experimental studies on nano-clustering in high pressure gases.[4] From 1967 to 1969 he was a Humboldt fellow at University of Kiel, Germany. He worked on atomic spectroscopy with Walter Lochte-Holtgreven and Johannes Richter. In 1970, he started his collaboration with Professor Carl B. Collins, head of the Center for Quantum Electronics at University of Texas, Dallas, on multiphoton spectroscopy and induced gamma emission. In 1974, they co-authored the first experimental report on multiphoton spectra.[5] In 1972, Iovitzu Popescu became a tenured professor at University of Bucharest, Faculty of Physics. He was the Dean of the Faculty of Physics from 1972 to 1977. Between 1977 and 1981 he headed the newly founded Institute of Physics and Technology of Radiation Devices.

In May 1981 Iovitzu Popescu became Rector of University of Bucharest, a position he held until October 1989. In 1990 he was elected a titular member of the Romanian Academy, having been a corresponding member for 16 years. He presided over the Physical Sciences Section of the Romanian Academy between 1990 and 1992.

In 1982, Iovitzu Popescu wrote that the aether is "a form of existence of the matter, but it differs qualitatively from the common (atomic and molecular) substance or radiation (photons)". The fluid aether is "governed by the principle of inertia and its presence produces a modification of the space-time geometry".[6] Built upon Le Sage's ultra-mundane corpuscles, Popescu's theory posits a finite Universe "filled with some particles of exceedingly small mass (of about 10−69 kg), traveling chaotically at speed of light" and material bodies "made up of such particles called etherons".[7]

In recent years, the interest of Iovitzu Popescu has shifted to the field of quantitative linguistics,[8][9] which has become one of his favorite leisure activities.

Personal life[edit]

Iovitzu Popescu was married to Denisa-Georgeta Popescu from 1963 until her death in 2003. Together they co-authored 35 papers on optogalvanic and laser spectroscopy.

Awards[edit]

The excellence of Iovitzu Popescu's work has been widely recognized:

Bibliography[edit]

To date, the most cited peer-reviewed publication of Iovitzu Popescu remains his collaborative review, with Silviu Olariu, on the quantum effects of electromagnetic fluxes.[10]

Prof. Popescu's handwritten textbook on geometrical optics, first published in 1988, was recently translated into English and is freely available online.[11]

His most notable books and scientific publications are:[12]

  • The quantum effects of electromagnetic fluxes
  • Accelerated emission of gamma rays from the 31-yr isomer of 178 Hf induced by X-Ray irradiation
  • Word frequency studies
  • The coherent and incoherent pumping of a gamma ray laser with intense optical radiation
  • Use of space-charge-amplification techniques in the absorption spectroscopy of Cs and Cs 2
  • Multiphoton excitation and ionization of atomic cesium with a tunable dye laser
  • γ emission from the 31-yr isomer of 178 Hf induced by x-ray irradiation
  • Tunable synchrotron radiation used to induce γ-emission from the 31 year isomer of 178Hf

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Staff of University of Bucharest, Faculty of Physics". 
  2. ^ "Members of the Romanian Academy, Physical Sciences section". 
  3. ^ Olariu, S.; Popescu, I. Iovitzu; Collins, C. B. (1982). "Amplification of Gamma Radiation from X-Ray Excited Nuclear States". Revue Roumaine de Physique. 27: 559. arXiv:nucl-ex/9907010Freely accessible. 
  4. ^ Popescu, Iovitzu; von der Heide, Rüdiger (1969). "Beweglichkeit von Einfach- und Cluster-Ionen in Argon bei hohen Drucken". Zeitschrift für Physik A (in German). 220 (4): 337–348. doi:10.1007/BF01395619. ISSN 0939-7922. 
  5. ^ Popescu, D.; Collins, C. B.; Johnson, B. W.; Popescu, Iovitzu (1974). "Multiphoton excitation and ionization of atomic cesium with a tunable dye laser". Physical Review A. 9 (3): 1182–1187. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.9.1182. 
  6. ^ Duursma, Egbert (2015). Etherons as predicted by Ioan-Iovitz Popescu in 1982. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. ISBN 978-1511906371. 
  7. ^ de Climont, Jean. The Worldwide List of Alternative Theories and Critics. Formerly: The Worldwide List of Dissidents Scientists. ISBN 978-2902425174. 
  8. ^ Popescu, Ioan-Iovitz; et al. (2009). Word Frequency Studies. Berlin, New York: De Gruyter Mouton. ISBN 978-3-11-021852-7. 
  9. ^ Popescu, Ioan-Iovitz; Lupea, Mihaiela; Tatar, Doina; Altmann, Gabriel (2015). Quantitative Analysis of Poetic Texts. Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter Mouton. ISBN 978-3-11-036379-1. 
  10. ^ Olariu, S.; Popescu, I. Iovitzu (1985). "The quantum effects of electromagnetic fluxes". Reviews of Modern Physics. 57 (2): 339–436. doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.57.339. 
  11. ^ Popescu, Ioan–Ioviț (2017). Optics. I. Geometrical Optics. Contemporary Literature Press. ISBN 978-606-760-105-3. 
  12. ^ "Ioan Iovitz Popescu - Google Scholar Citations". scholar.google.com. Retrieved 2017-05-20. 

External links[edit]