Prince Ioane of Georgia

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Prince Ioane Bagrationi
Prince Ioann of Georgia.jpg
Head of the Royal House of Georgia
Reign 13 May 1819 – 15 February 1830
Predecessor David Bagrationi
Successor Grigol Bagrationi
Born (1768-05-16)16 May 1768
Flag of Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti.svg Tbilisi, Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti
Died 15 February 1830(1830-02-15) (aged 61)
Flag of Russia.svg Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
Burial Alexander Nevsky Monastery
Spouse Ketevan Tsereteli
Issue Grigol Bagrationi
House Bagrationi
Father George XII of Georgia
Mother Ketevan Andronikashvili
Religion Georgian Orthodox Church
Occupation writer and encyclopedist

Ioane Bagrationi (Georgian: იოანე ბაგრატიონი) (16 May 1768 in Tbilisi, Georgia – 15 February 1830 in Saint Petersburg, Russia) was a Georgian prince (batonishvili), writer and encyclopaedist.

A son of George XII, the last king of Kartl-Kakheti kingdom, eastern Georgia, by his first wife Ketevan Andronikashvili, Ioane commanded an avant-garde of a Georgian force annihilated by the Persian army at the Battle of Krtsanisi in 1795.

Following the battle, the kingdom entered a period of economic crisis and political anarchy. To eradicate the results of a Persian attack and to overcome the retardation of the feudal society, Prince Ioane proposed on 10 May 1799, a project of reforms of administration, army and education. This project was, however, never materialized due to the weakness of George XII and a civil strife in the country. In 1800, he commanded a Georgian cavalry in the joined Russian-Georgian forces that defeated his uncle, Alexandre Bagrationi, and the Dagestani allies at the battle of Niakhura.

Upon the death of George XII, Kartl-Kakheti was incorporated into the expanding Russian Empire, and Ioane was deported to Russia. He settled in Saint Petersburg where he wrote most of his works with a didactic encyclopedic novel Kalmasoba (1817–1828) being the most important of them.

He is also an author of a naturalist encyclopedia (1814), a children encyclopedia (1829), a Russian-Georgian dictionary, a Georgian lexicon, and of several poems.

His manuscripts were discovered in 1861 by a Georgian scholar, Dimitri Bakradze, who published them in an abridged version in 1862.

He married in 1787, Princess Ketevan Tsereteli (1775–1832), daughter of Prince Zurab Tsereteli (1747–1823), Mayor of the Palace (sakhlt-ukhutsesi) of Imereti, and had the only son, Grigol.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  • David M. Lang, Prince Ioann of Georgia and His "Kalmasoba", American Slavic and East European Review, Vol. 11, No. 4 (Dec., 1952), pp. 274–287
  • Soviet Georgian Encyclopedia, vol. 5, pp 188–189. Tbilisi, 1980 (in Georgian)

External links[edit]