Ioannina (regional unit)
Municipalities of Ioannina
Ioannina within Greece
|• Total||4,990 km2 (1,930 sq mi)|
|• Density||34/km2 (87/sq mi)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
44x xx, 45x xx
|ISO 3166 code||GR-33|
Ioannina (Greek: Περιφερειακή ενότητα Ιωαννίνων) is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the Epirus region. Its capital is the city of Ioannina. It is the largest regional unit in Epirus, and one of the largest regional units of Greece, with population 167,901, according to 2011 census.
Ioannina borders Albania in the north, and the regional units of Kastoria in the northeast, Grevena and Trikala in the east, Arta in the southeast, Preveza in the south and Thesprotia in the southwest and west.
Ioannina is a mountainous region, dominated by the Pindus mountains, that cover the eastern part of the regional unit. The main subranges of the Pindus are from north to south: Gramos, Smolikas (2,637 m, the highest of the Pindus), Tymfi, Lygkos, Lakmos and Athamanika. The lower Xerovounio mountains are situated in the south, and the Tomaros in the southwest.
The area of the present regional unit of Ioannina joined Greece in 1913, after the First Balkan War.
The regional unit Ioannina is subdivided into 8 municipalities. These are (number as in the map in the infobox):
- Dodoni (3)
- Ioannina (1)
- Konitsa (6)
- Metsovo (7)
- North Tzoumerka (Voreia Tzoumerka, 2)
- Pogoni (8)
- Zagori (5)
- Zitsa (4)
Ioannina was established as a prefecture in 1915 (Greek: Νομός Ιωαννίνων). As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Ioannina was created out of the former prefecture Ioannina. The prefecture had the same territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below.
|New municipality||Old municipalities||Seat|
- Province of Dodoni - Ioannina
- Province of Konitsa - Konitsa
- Province of Metsovo - Metsovo
- Province of Pogoni - Delvinaki
Note: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece.
- Egnatia Odos (A2)/E90, NW, Cen., NE
- Ionia Odos (A5)/E55, E951, S, Cen.
- Greek National Road 5/E55 S, Cen.
- Greek National Road 6, W, Cen., E
- Greek National Road 17, S, SW
- Greek National Road 20/E853, Cen., NW, N
- Greek National Road 26, NW
- Ioannina Airport
The prefecture of Ioannina, like most of the Greek mainland, is not as popular as the islands among tourists. However, besides the city Ioannina, there are a number of attractions in the area, including:
- A few kilometres south of the city is the Vrellis wax statue museum, displaying scenes from Greek history. A small department in the city centre is free to the public.
- The Dodoni oracle and archaeological site with amphitheatre.
- The Vikos–Aoös National Park, including the Vikos gorge, through which the Voidomatis river flows.
- The Zagori villages, partly in the Vikos-Aoos National Park.
- Papingo, one of the Zagoria villages, a ski resort that is mainly popular with Greeks, and a popular starting point for hiking and mountaineering.
- Mount Smolikas, at 2,637 meters Greece's second highest mountain.
- Metsovo, in winter a ski resort.
- The caves of Perama, a few kilometres northeast of Ioannina.
- The monument in Zalongo for the women of Souli.
- The Kalpaki War Museum.
- Bourzani Bridge, near Melissoptera.
- Pavlos Vrellis Greek History Museum, the best known wax museum in Greece
Ioannina has a major football team, that is named PAS Giannina. There are minor sports teams throughout the prefecture:
- Franz X. Bogner & Georgios Pilidis. Lake of Ioannina. 128 pages. ISBN 978-960-233-199-6. Ioannina 2010.