Diiodohydroxyquinoline

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Diiodohydroxyquinoline
Skeletal formula of diiodohydroxyquinoline
Ball-and-stick model of the diiodohydroxyquinoline molecule
Names
IUPAC name
5,7-diiodoquinolin-8-ol
Other names
Diquinol, iodoxin, diiodoquin, amebaquin
Identifiers
3D model (Jmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.001.362
KEGG
MeSH Iodoquinol
UNII
Properties
C9H5I2NO
Molar mass 396.951
Pharmacology
G01AC01 (WHO)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

The quinoline derivative diiodohydroxyquinoline (INN) or iodoquinol (USAN), can be used in the treatment of amoebiasis.[1]

It is poorly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and is used as a luminal amebicide. It acts by chelation of ferrous ions essential for metabolism.[2]

It was discovered by Adco Co. and introduced as diiodohydroxyquinoline.[3]

Susceptibility of Dientamoeba fragilis has been measured.[4]

Iodoquinol is an amebocide used against Entamoeba histolytica, and it is active against both cyst and trophozoites that are localized in the lumen of the intestine. It is considered the drug of choice for treating asymptomatic or moderate forms of amebiasis. The mechanism of action is unknown. Iodoquinol is used for diseases caused by moderate intestinal amebiasis.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ghaskadbi S, Vaidya VG (March 1989). "In vivo antimutagenic effect of ascorbic acid against mutagenicity of the common antiamebic drug diiodohydroxyquinoline". Mutat. Res. 222 (3): 219–22. doi:10.1016/0165-1218(89)90137-7. PMID 2493578. 
  2. ^ Gideon Online http://web.gideononline.com/web/therapy/index.php?type=drugs&code=20130&view=General.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ Publishing, William Andrew (2013-01-15). Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Encyclopedia (3rd ed.). Elsevier Science. p. 1312. ISBN 9780080947266. 
  4. ^ Chan FT, Guan MX, Mackenzie AM, Diaz-Mitoma F (May 1994). "Susceptibility testing of Dientamoeba fragilis ATCC 30948 with iodoquinol, paromomycin, tetracycline, and metronidazole". Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 38 (5): 1157–60. doi:10.1128/aac.38.5.1157. PMC 188168Freely accessible. PMID 8067755.