Old cafe in downtown Iola
Location of Iola in the state of Texas
|• Total||1.03 sq mi (2.68 km2)|
|• Land||1.03 sq mi (2.67 km2)|
|• Water||0.004 sq mi (0.01 km2)|
|Elevation||335 ft (102 m)|
|• Density||389/sq mi (150.2/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1374229|
Iola is a city in Grimes County, Texas, United States, on Farm Road 39 and the Burlington-Rock Island Railway, at the headwaters of Ragan Creek in northwest Grimes County. As of the 2010 census the population was 401.
Iola is believed to have been named for Edward Ariola, one of Stephen F. Austin's colonists who settled in the vicinity in 1836. In 1852 the community's first church, Zion Methodist, was constructed; the building also served as a schoolhouse. The settlement's first gristmill, Monroe's Gin, began operating during the 1860s. The post office opened in 1871 and, though discontinued the next year, was permanently reestablished in 1877. A Masonic Lodge was formed in 1876. By the 1880s the town had several churches, cotton gins, and gristmills. The population stood at 109 by 1890.
Between 1906 and 1907 both the Trinity and Brazos Valley Railway and the Houston and Texas Central Railway extended lines through Iola, and a new townsite was laid out along the tracks near the T&BV depot. A tap line of the Texas and New Orleans Railroad connected Iola with Navasota. The coming of the railroad invigorated the community. A print shop was established, and a newspaper appeared, the Iola Enterprise, edited and published by Rev. A. J. Frick, pastor of Zion Methodist Church. In 1909 the Iola State Bank was organized. The population reached 300 in 1910, and by 1936 the town had an estimated 500 people and twelve businesses.
After World War II the population declined somewhat to an estimated 300 in 1950. Since then it has remained virtually level. During the 1970s and 1980s several nearby oilfields opened. In 1990 Iola had a population estimated at 331 and twelve businesses. In 2000 the population remained the same, but there were 39 businesses.
Iola is located in northwestern Grimes County between Bryan, 23 miles (37 km) to the southwest, and Huntsville, 36 miles (58 km) to the east. Navasota, the largest city in Grimes County, is 32 miles (51 km) to the south.
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Fiddle player Jody Bartula went to Iola High School. Bartula currently plays for the Cody Johnson Band (2017)
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Iola city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 24, 2017.
- "Iola Becomes Newest Brazos Valley City". KBTX. 2007-11-06. Retrieved 2007-12-17.
- Grimes County Historical Commission, History of Grimes County, Land of Heritage and Progress (Dallas: Taylor, 1982)
- Fred Tarpley, 1001 Texas Place Names (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1980)
- Justice, Blair. (column "The Human Side of Science") Houston Post. Sunday May 2, 1965. Perspective Page 5. Available via microfilm from the Houston Public Library Central Library Jesse H. Jones Building.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Iola, TX – Texas Handbook Online.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Iola, Texas